THIRTY-SECOND LEGISLATURE, 2023
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO THE JUDICIARY.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that the current procedure for judicial review of orders fixing minimum terms of imprisonment issued by the Hawaii paroling authority is unduly burdensome on inmates and creates a blind spot in indigent representation. Inmates seeking judicial review are required to initiate a new cause of action by filing a petition in the circuit court that sentenced them to prison, create their own record by attaching relevant documents, request transcription of the proceedings before the Hawaii paroling authority, and raise legal issues. Because it is a new cause of action and a civil matter, indigent petitioners are not entitled to representation by the office of the public defender even though they had the right to counsel at the minimum term hearing. The circuit court then determines if the petition has merit before setting a hearing and appointing counsel for indigent petitioners.
The legislature further finds that this procedure screens out meritorious issues and is daunting for indigent inmates who must file their petition without the assistance of an attorney. Judicial review of the Hawaii paroling authority's order fixing the minimum term of imprisonment through a motion filed in the original criminal case allows public defenders to continue their representation of clients on appeal and raise errors that may have arisen at minimum term hearings. It will also reduce the number of petitions. The legislature also finds that judicial review will provide greater uniformity in due process and statutory compliance by the Hawaii paroling authority.
The purpose of this part is to allow for judicial review of orders fixing minimum terms of imprisonment.
SECTION 2. Section 641-11, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§641-11 From circuit courts. Any party aggrieved by the judgment of a circuit court in a criminal matter or an order pursuant to section 706-669(9) may appeal to the intermediate appellate court, subject to chapter 602, in the manner and within the time provided by the rules of court. The sentence of the court in a criminal case shall be the judgment. All appeals shall be filed with the clerk of the supreme court and shall be subject to one filing fee."
SECTION 3. Section 706-669, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§706-669 Procedure for determining minimum term of imprisonment. (1) When a person has been sentenced to an indeterminate or an extended term of imprisonment, the Hawaii paroling authority shall, as soon as practicable but no later than six months after commitment to the custody of the director of the department of public safety hold a hearing, and on the basis of the hearing make an order fixing the minimum term of imprisonment to be served before the prisoner shall become eligible for parole.
(2) Before holding the hearing, the authority shall obtain a complete report regarding the prisoner's life before entering the institution and a full report of the prisoner's progress in the institution. The report shall be a complete personality evaluation for the purpose of determining the prisoner's degree of propensity toward criminal activity.
(3) The prisoner shall be given reasonable notice of the hearing under subsection (1) and shall be permitted to be heard by the authority on the issue of the minimum term to be served before the prisoner becomes eligible for parole. In addition, the prisoner shall:
(a) Be permitted to consult with any persons the prisoner reasonably desires, including the prisoner's own legal counsel, in preparing for the hearing;
(b) Be permitted to be represented and assisted by counsel at the hearing;
(c) Have counsel appointed to represent and assist the prisoner if the prisoner so requests and cannot afford to retain counsel; and
(d) Be informed of the prisoner's rights
paragraphs[ ]] (a), (b), and (c).
(4) The authority in its discretion may, in any particular case and at any time, impose a special condition that the prisoner will not be considered for parole unless and until the prisoner has a record of continuous exemplary behavior.
(5) After sixty days notice to the prosecuting attorney, the authority in its discretion may reduce the minimum term fixed by its order pursuant to subsection (1).
(6) A verbatim stenographic or mechanical record of the hearing shall be made and preserved in transcribed or untranscribed form.
(7) The State shall have the right to be represented at the hearing by the prosecuting attorney who may present written testimony and make oral comments and the authority shall consider such testimony and comments in reaching its decision. The authority shall notify the prosecuting attorney of the hearing at the time the prisoner is given notice of the hearing. The hearing shall be opened to victims or their designees or surviving immediate family members who may present a written statement or make oral comments.
(8) The authority shall establish guidelines for the uniform determination of minimum sentences which shall take into account both the nature and degree of the offense of the prisoner and the prisoner's criminal history and character. The guidelines shall be public records and shall be made available to the prisoner and to the prosecuting attorney and other interested government agencies.
(9) Upon a motion filed by the defendant within ninety days of issuance and service of the order fixing the minimum term of imprisonment, the sentencing court may conduct judicial review of the minimum term proceedings. The court, after reviewing the record and proceedings, shall modify the order or remand the case to the Hawaii paroling authority with instructions for further proceedings if the order is:
(a) In violation of constitutional or statutory provisions;
(b) In excess of the statutory authority or jurisdiction of the Hawaii paroling authority;
(c) Made upon unlawful procedure;
(d) Affected by other error of law;
(e) Clearly erroneous in view of substantive evidence on the whole record; or
(f) Arbitrary, or capricious, or characterized by abuse of discretion or clearly unwarranted exercise of discretion."
SECTION 4. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.
SECTION 5. Chapter 661B, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
"§661B- Offset. In any civil action brought by the petitioner other than an action under this chapter seeking compensation of any kind or nature whatsoever as a result of, related to, or arising from a conviction and imprisonment for crimes for which the person was actually innocent, any recovery under this chapter shall offset, dollar for dollar, the total award made in the civil action against whom claims are asserted."
SECTION 6. Section 661B-7, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is repealed.
[§661B-7] Exclusive remedy. (a) Notwithstanding
any other law, including the common law, to the contrary, this chapter sets
forth the exclusive remedy for any person seeking compensation of any kind or
nature whatsoever, as a result of, related to, or arising from a conviction and
imprisonment for crimes for which the person was actually innocent. This section shall be strictly construed in
favor of any person against whom a claim is asserted, and against the person
asserting the claim. (b) Notwithstanding any law to the contrary,
should the petitioner die before a final judgment in the circuit court is
entered, the petitioner's claim shall abate in its entirety."]
SECTION 7. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 8. This Act shall take effect on March 22, 2075.
Judicial Review; Minimum Terms; Imprisonment; Wrongful Conviction and Imprisonment
Allows for judicial review of orders fixing minimum terms of imprisonment. Specifies that in any civil action brought by the petitioner seeking compensation of any kind or nature whatsoever as a result of, related to, or arising from a conviction and imprisonment for crimes for which the person was actually innocent, any recovery will offset, dollar for dollar, the total award made in the civil action against whom claims are asserted. Repeals section 661B-7, Hawaii Revised Statutes. Takes effect 03/22/2075. (SD1)
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.