THIRTY-SECOND LEGISLATURE, 2023
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO KUPUNA HOUSING.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that homelessness is one of the most pressing problems in Hawaii, which requires a robust, comprehensive, long-term solution to address the State's affordable housing and homelessness crisis. One important component of the solution is ensuring that low-income kupuna are not forced into homelessness through a combination of fixed incomes and rapidly rising rents.
The legislature further finds that, over the last fifty years, the number of cost-burdened renters, or those paying more than thirty per cent of their income for rent, has significantly increased. Today, almost half of all renters in the State pay more than thirty per cent of their income for rent. High housing costs have driven more and more Hawaii residents into homelessness, and now the homelessness rate per capita in Hawaii is among the highest in the nation.
The legislature additionally finds that by making smart investments in homelessness and housing, using data-driven practices, and improving coordination, Hawaii has gradually begun to turn the tide in the homelessness crisis. In 2017, Hawaii's homelessness rate went down for the first time in years, a trend that continued in 2018. During the regular session of 2018, the legislature made unprecedented levels of investment in low-income housing and homelessness, appropriating $200,000,000 for the rental housing revolving fund, $30,000,000 for ohana zones, and $13,500,000 for proven-effective and promising homelessness programs.
The legislature also finds that to turn back fifty years of growth in Hawaii's housing and homelessness crisis, investments of this scale must be made consistently in the coming years. Hawaii must prioritize programs that are the most cost-effective and target the most vulnerable populations, such as the State's kupuna. The 2017 Homeless Service Utilization Report found that there are 1,386 homeless elders in the State. Many more elders face homelessness as rents skyrocket. Due to the fixed incomes of elders, a state rent supplement program targeted toward kupuna that expands on the existing state rent supplement program administered by the Hawaii public housing authority is needed.
The purpose of this Act is to temporarily expand the state rent supplement program to specifically target qualified kupuna who are sixty-two years of age or older and are homeless or at imminent risk of becoming homeless and appropriate funds for this purpose.
SECTION 2. Chapter 356D, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to part VIII to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
"§356D- State rent supplement program for kupuna. (a) There is established the state rent
supplement program for kupuna to be administered by the authority to provide
state rent supplement assistance and other services to qualified kupuna under
(b) The authority shall:
(1) Provide state rent supplement
assistance specifically for qualified kupuna; provided that an individual who
qualifies for the state rent supplement program for kupuna shall participate in
the Continuum of Care Coordinated Entry System for homeless services;
(2) Provide housing counseling and
landlord assistance to assist qualified kupuna; and
(3) Coordinate with mental health
services and other supportive services to assist qualified kupuna in obtaining
or retaining permanent housing.
(c) The authority may enter into memoranda of
agreement with the counties or specialized non-profit organizations as
necessary to implement this section.
The authority shall, without regard to chapter 91, establish rules and
qualification standards for participants of the state rent supplement program
(e) The authority shall submit to the legislature
an annual report of its findings and recommendations regarding the state rent
supplement program for kupuna, including any proposed legislation, no later
than thirty days prior to the convening of each regular session.
(f) As used in this section, "qualified
kupuna" means an individual who is sixty-two years of age or older and is
homeless or at imminent risk of becoming homeless and who otherwise meets the
requirements for a qualified tenant under section 356D-153."
SECTION 3. There is appropriated out of the general revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $ or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2023-2024 and the same sum or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2024-2025 for the state rent supplement program for kupuna established under section 356D- , Hawaii Revised Statutes, including full-time equivalent ( FTE) public housing specialist positions within the Hawaii public housing authority; provided that any funds appropriated under this section shall be in addition to the base budget of the Hawaii public housing authority for the state rent supplement program.
The sums appropriated shall be expended by the Hawaii public housing authority for the purposes of this Act.
SECTION 4. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 5. This Act shall take effect on December 31, 2050, and shall be repealed on June 30, 2026.
Hawaii Public Housing Authority; State Rent Supplement Program for Kupuna; Reports; Appropriation
Temporarily expands the State Rent Supplement Program to specifically target qualified individuals who are sixty-two years of age or older and are homeless or at imminent risk of becoming homeless. Requires the Hawaii Public Housing Authority to submit annual reports to the Legislature. Appropriates funds. Effective 12/31/2050. Repeals 6/30/2026. (SD1)
The summary description
of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is
not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.