THIRTY-SECOND LEGISLATURE, 2023
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO CONDOMINIUM RESERVE REQUIREMENTS.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
1. By amending its title and subsections (a) through (d) to read:
"§514B-148 Association fiscal matters; budgets and replacement
reserves. (a) The budget required under
section 514B‑144(a) shall include a summary with at least the
(1) The estimated revenues and operating expenses of the association;
Information] Disclosure as to whether the budget has been prepared on a cash
or accrual basis;
(3) The estimated costs of fire safety equipment or installations that meet the requirements of a life safety evaluation required by the applicable county for any building located in a county with a population greater than five hundred thousand; provided that the reserve study may forecast a loan or special assessment to fund life safety components or installation;
The balance of the
total replacement reserves fund of the association as of the date of the
(4)] (5) The
estimated replacement reserves assessments that the association will
require to maintain the property based on a reserve study performed by or on
behalf of the association; provided that the reserve study, if
not prepared by an independent reserve study preparer, shall be reviewed by
an independent reserve study preparer[ ; provided further that the reserve
study shall be reviewed or updated at least] not less than every
three years; provided further that a managing agent with industry reserve
study designations shall not be considered as having a conflict of interest for
purposes of this paragraph;
A general explanation of how
the estimated replacement reserves assessments are computed[ ;] and
(A) The identity, qualifications, and potential conflicts of interest of the person or entity performing the reserve study, update, or any review thereof;
(B) Disclosure of any component of association property omitted from the reserve study and the basis for the omission;
(C) Planned increases in the estimated replacement reserve assessments over the thirty-year plan; and
(D) Whether the actual estimated replacement reserves assessments for the prior year as defined in the study was less than the assessments provided for in the reserve study, and, if so, by how much, and explaining the impact of the lesser assessments on future estimated replacement reserves assessments;
(6)] (7) The
amount the association must collect for the fiscal year to fund the estimated
replacement reserves[ ;] assessments; and
Information as to whether the amount the association must collect
for the fiscal year to fund the estimated replacement reserves assessments was calculated using a per
cent funded or cash flow plan. The
method or plan shall not circumvent the estimated replacement reserves assessments amount determined by the
reserve study pursuant to
paragraph [ (4).] (5).
(b) The association shall assess the unit owners
to either fund a minimum of fifty per cent of the estimated replacement
reserves assessments or fund
one hundred per cent of the estimated replacement reserves assessments
when using a cash flow plan; provided that
a new association need not collect estimated replacement reserves assessments
until the fiscal year [
begins after the association's first annual meeting. For each fiscal year, the association shall
collect the amount assessed to fund the estimated replacement reserves
assessments for that fiscal year
[ reserves], as determined by the association's plan.
(c) The association shall compute the estimated replacement reserves assessments by a formula that is based on the estimated life and the estimated capital expenditure or major maintenance required for each part of the property. The estimated replacement reserves assessments shall include:
(1) Adjustments for revenues [
will be received and expenditures [ which] that will be made
before the beginning of the fiscal year to which the budget relates; and
(2) Separate, designated reserves for each part of the property for which capital expenditures or major maintenance will exceed $10,000. Parts of the property for which capital expenditures or major maintenance will not exceed $10,000 may be aggregated in a single designated reserve.
(d) No association or unit owner, director, officer, managing agent, or employee of an association who makes a good faith effort to calculate the estimated replacement reserves assessments for an association shall be liable if the estimate subsequently proves incorrect."
2. By amending subsection (f) to read:
"(f) The requirements of this section shall override any requirements in an association's declaration, bylaws, or any other association documents relating to preparation of budgets, calculation of replacement reserve requirements, assessment and funding of replacement reserves, and expenditures from replacement reserves with the exception of:
(1) Any requirements in an association's
declaration, bylaws, or any other association documents [
require the association to collect more than fifty per cent of replacement
reserve requirements; or
(2) Any provisions relating to upgrading the common elements, such as additions, improvements, and alterations to the common elements."
3. By amending subsection (h) to read:
"(h) As used in this section:
"Capital expenditure" means an expense that results from the purchase or replacement of an asset whose life is greater than one year, or the addition of an asset that extends the life of an existing asset for a period greater than one year.
"Cash flow plan" means a minimum thirty-year projection of an association's future income and expense requirements to fund fully its replacement reserves requirements each year during that thirty-year period, except in an emergency; provided that it does not include a projection of special assessments or loans during that thirty-year period, except in an emergency.
"Emergency situation" means any extraordinary expenses:
(1) Required by an order of a court;
(2) Necessary to repair or maintain any part of the property for which the association is responsible where a threat to personal safety on the property is discovered;
(3) Necessary to repair any part of the property for which the association is responsible that could not have been reasonably foreseen by the board in preparing and distributing the annual operating budget;
(4) Necessary to respond to any legal or administrative proceeding brought against the association that could not have been reasonably foreseen by the board in preparing and distributing the annual operating budget; or
(5) Necessary for the association to obtain adequate insurance for the property that the association must insure.
"Independent reserve study preparer" means any organization, company, or individual with a reserve study certification from an industry organization.
"Major maintenance" means an expenditure for maintenance or repair that will result in extending the life of an asset for a period greater than one year.
"Replacement reserves" means funds for the upkeep, repair, or replacement of those parts of the property, including but not limited to roofs, walls, decks, paving, and equipment, that the association is obligated to maintain."
SECTION 2. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 3. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Condominiums; Budgets; Fire Safety Equipment; Fire Safety Installation; Replacement Reserves Assessments Study
Authorizes a condominium association to provide a summary of the required information in its budget. Authorizes a condominium association's reserve study to forecast a loan or special assessment to fund life safety equipment or installations for any building located in a county with a population greater than five hundred thousand. Authorizes a condominium association to use a third party to conduct a reserves study on behalf of the condominium. Clarifies the information to be included in the description of how the estimated replacement reserves assessments are computed. (CD1)
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.