THIRTY-SECOND LEGISLATURE, 2023
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO VACANT AND ABANDONED RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that vacant and abandoned residential properties impose significant costs on the community. Abandoned homes may start out as simply eyesores but eventually become public safety hazards and magnets for criminal activity. In April 2018, a fire at a large unoccupied home in Maunawili, Oahu caused $1.8 million in damages. Neighbors reported that the fire may have been sparked by trespassing hikers or homeless individuals who had been illegally living on the property.
On January 3, 2019, fifteen companies and sixty firefighters responded to a massive fire in an abandoned home in Makiki, Oahu. The homeowner reported that he had been unsuccessful in preventing squatters from occupying the property and that, at the time of the fire, his permit to demolish the home was under review by the county.
Vacant and abandoned homes also correspond to other substantial, but less obvious, financial costs. In the January 2017 report on the true costs of abandoned properties commissioned by Community Blight Solutions, a former United States Treasury Department Deputy Assistant Secretary for Economic Policy noted that vacant homes lead to a decline in values of surrounding properties, an increase in crime in the neighborhood, and a reduction in the tax base for local governments.
The purpose of this Act is to reduce the potential hazards associated with vacant and abandoned residential properties by:
(1) Requiring each county to establish an expedited procedure for approvals of demolition permits for vacant residential properties; and
(2) Allowing the department of taxation to seek the nonjudicial foreclosure sales of vacant and abandoned residential properties with outstanding recorded state tax liens.
SECTION 2. Chapter 46, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
"§46‑ Expedited demolition permits for vacant residential properties. (a) Each county shall establish an expedited procedure to approve permits for the demolition of vacant residential structures located within the county. Expedited processing of a permit to demolish vacant residential structures shall take not more than twenty-one days from the date of the permit application, not including weekends or state holidays. Expedited processing for permits to demolish vacant residential structures shall commence no later than January 1, 2024.
(b) Expedited processing of a permit to demolish a vacant residential structure shall apply only to permits to demolish the entire vacant residential structure. Expedited processing shall not apply to permits for:
(1) Partial demolition of a vacant residential structure; or
(2) Complete or partial demolition of a vacant residential structure as part of a renovation, reconstruction, or new construction on the parcel.
An application for a building permit for new construction, rehabilitation, or reconstruction on the parcel for which the expedited demolition permit was approved shall be denied if the permit application for new construction, rehabilitation, or reconstruction is submitted within three hundred sixty-five days of the approval of the expedited demolition permit; provided that the same parcel owner is listed on both permit applications. A parcel owner may appeal a denial of a permit application pursuant to this section through the appeals process established by the planning department in the county within which the parcel is located.
(c) The owner of a residential structure shall establish that the residential structure is vacant by providing the county planning department with sworn statements from each borrower who has at least one loan secured by the parcel and each and every owner of the residential structure and parcel expressing their intent to vacate and abandon the property.
(d) A residential structure shall not be deemed vacant and abandoned where the residential structure is:
(1) Undergoing construction, renovation, or rehabilitation that is proceeding diligently;
(2) Used on a seasonal basis but is otherwise secure;
(3) The subject of an ongoing probate action, action to quiet title, or other ownership dispute;
(4) Damaged by natural disaster but the owner intends to repair and reoccupy; or
(5) Occupied by a mortgagor, relative, or lawful tenant.
(e) For the purpose of this section:
"Parcel" means the real property, or portion thereof, upon which a residential structure is located.
"Residential structure" means a one- or two-family unattached building designed or used exclusively for residential occupancy and located on a parcel zoned for residential use."
SECTION 3. Chapter 667, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
"§667‑ Use of power of sale foreclosure in state tax lien foreclosures of vacant and abandoned residential structures. A state tax lien on a parcel upon which a residential structure exists may be foreclosed by nonjudicial or power of sale foreclosure procedures set forth in this chapter by the department of taxation; provided that the department of taxation has established its lien and that a residential structure is vacant and abandoned as provided in section 231‑63; provided further that liens that have existed for three or more years, including liens on vacant and abandoned residential real property that have existed for any length of time, may be enforced by the department of taxation by foreclosure without suit as provided in section 231-63 and this chapter."
SECTION 4. Section 231-63, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
§231-63[ ]] Tax liens; foreclosure without suit, notice. (a) All real property on which a lien for state
taxes exists may be sold by way of foreclosure without suit by the [ state
tax collector,] department, and in case any lien, or any part
thereof, has existed thereon for three years, shall be sold by the [ state
tax collector] department at public auction to the highest bidder,
for cash, to satisfy the lien, together with all interest, penalties, costs,
and expenses due or incurred on account of the tax, lien, and sale, the
surplus, if any, to be rendered to the person thereto entitled.
(b) A state tax lien on a parcel upon which a vacant and abandoned residential structure exists may be foreclosed by nonjudicial or power of sale foreclosure procedures set forth in chapter 667 by the department at any time; provided that the department has established that the parcel and residential structure is vacant and abandoned; provided further that:
(1) The department shall establish that a residential structure is vacant and abandoned by mailing to the residential structure's owner by certified mail with return receipt a sworn statement establishing that the department has conducted at least two separate inspections, each at least seven days apart and at different times of day, and at each inspection, no occupant was present and there was no evidence of occupancy. The department shall maintain a copy of the statement and return receipt on file for the owner's inspection and review;
(2) Prima facie evidence that a residential structure is not vacant and abandoned shall include but is not limited to delivery of certified United States mail and ongoing and current utility usage; and
(3) A residential structure shall not be deemed vacant and abandoned where the structure is:
(A) Undergoing construction, renovation, or rehabilitation that is proceeding diligently;
(B) Used on a seasonal basis but is otherwise secure;
(C) The subject of any ongoing probate action, action to quiet title, or other ownership dispute;
(D) Damaged by natural disaster, but the owner intends to repair and reoccupy; or
(E) Occupied by a mortgagor, relative, or lawful tenant.
For the purposes of this subsection:
"Parcel" means the real property, or portion thereof, upon which a residential structure is located.
"Residential structure" means a one- or two-family unattached building designed or used exclusively for residential occupancy and located on a parcel zoned for residential use.
(c) The sale shall be held at any public place proper for sales on execution, after notice published at least once a week for at least four successive weeks immediately prior thereto in any newspaper with a general circulation of at least sixty thousand published in the State and any newspaper of general circulation published and distributed in the taxation district wherein the property to be sold is situated, if there is a newspaper published in the taxation district.
If the address of the owner is known or can
be ascertained by due diligence, including an abstract of title or title
search, the [
state tax collector] department shall send to each
owner notice of the proposed sale by registered mail, with request for return
receipt. If the address of the owner is
unknown, the [ state tax collector] department shall send a notice
to the owner at the owner's last known address as shown on the records of the
department of taxation. The notice shall
be deposited in the mail at least forty-five days prior to the date set for the
sale. The notice shall also be posted
for a like period in at least three conspicuous public places within [ such]
the taxation district, and if the land is improved, one of the
three postings shall be on the land."
SECTION 5. If any provision of this Act, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of the Act that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this Act are severable.
SECTION 6. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.
SECTION 7. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 8. This Act shall take effect on March 22, 2075.
Vacant and Abandoned Properties; Counties; Expedited Permits; Tax Liens; Nonjudicial Foreclosure
Requires counties to establish expedited procedures to approve demolition permits for vacant and abandoned residential properties. Allows the Department of Taxation to satisfy certain tax liens through the nonjudicial foreclosure of vacant and abandoned residential properties at any time after establishing vacancy and abandonment. Takes effect 03/22/2075. (SD1)
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.