THE SENATE

S.B. NO.

1515

THIRTY-SECOND LEGISLATURE, 2023

 

STATE OF HAWAII

 

 

 

 

 

 

A BILL FOR AN ACT

 

 

RELATING TO fair campaign practices.

 

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 


SECTION 1. The legislature finds that voters become confused and disturbed when candidates for public office employ unfair, unethical, and dishonest campaign practices. Public distrust of government leaders is also heightened by unfair campaign practices in elections. The legislature wishes to encourage candidates to voluntarily conduct their campaigns consistent with a code of fair campaign practices.

The legislature further finds that a code of fair campaign practices was adopted in Hawaii and used by the campaign spending commission for over twenty-five years. Act 185, Session Laws of Hawaii 1973, required the campaign spending commission to adopt the code and offer it to candidates to sign. The statute was, however, repealed after the supreme court ruled in 2001 that it was unconstitutional due to a coercive requirement that the names of the candidates be published if they did not sign the code.

The purpose of this Act is to adopt the code of fair campaign practices that was in effect prior to its annulment and enable candidates to voluntarily pledge to conduct their campaigns in civic principles of fair campaigning.

SECTION 2. Chapter 11, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:

"11-   Fair campaign practices. (a) Candidates for public office are encouraged to conduct their campaigns consistent with fair campaign practices that preserve the basic principles of decency, honesty, and fair play in election campaigns. A candidate may pledge to conduct their campaign consistent with the code of fair campaign practices in subsection (b).

(b) Code of fair campaign practices. Every candidate has a civic duty to observe and uphold basic principles of decency, honesty, and fair play so that after vigorously contested but fairly conducted campaigns, citizens may exercise their constitutional right to a free and informed choice that expresses their will. Candidates for public office may make the following pledge:

(1) I shall conduct my campaign openly and publicly, discussing the issues as I see them, presenting my record and policies with sincerity and frankness, and criticizing without fear and without malice the record and policies of my opponents and their political parties that merit such criticism;

(2) I shall not use campaign material relating to any candidate's election that misrepresents, distorts, or otherwise falsifies the facts regarding the candidate;

(3) I shall refrain from the use of personal vilification, character defamation, or any other form of scurrilous personal attacks on any candidate or the candidate's family;

(4) I shall condemn any dishonest or unethical practice that tends to corrupt or undermine our American system of free elections or that hampers or prevents the full and free expression of the will of the voters;

(5) I shall condemn any appeal to prejudice based on race, sex, sexual orientation, religion, national origin, or age;

(6) I shall not coerce election help or campaign contributions for myself or for any other candidate from my employees or my subordinates;

(7) I shall accept full responsibility for the conduct of those persons working directly in my campaign and shall pledge immediate action against retaining any person who violates any provision of this code or the laws governing elections;

(8) I shall not originate or spread any malicious or unfounded accusations against any candidate that are aimed at creating or exploiting doubts on the part of the public as to the candidate's loyalty and patriotism; and

(9) I shall immediately and publicly repudiate support deriving from any individual or group, acting on behalf of my candidacy, who resorts to the methods and tactics contrary to the code of fair campaign practices."

SECTION 3. New statutory material is underscored.

SECTION 4. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.

 

INTRODUCED BY:

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Report Title:

Election Campaigns; Code of Fair Campaign Practices

 

Description:

Adopts the Code of Fair Campaign Practices that candidates may use as a guide for their election campaigns.

 

 

 

The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.