THIRTY-SECOND LEGISLATURE, 2023
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO UNLICENSED CARE HOMES.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that the department of health has conducted investigations on two hundred twenty-one alleged unlicensed care homes over the past forty-eight months and has closed eleven homes and assessed $2,489,800 in administrative penalties. Investigations on eighty-nine unlicensed homes are underway or pending. Meanwhile, unlicensed care homes continue to operate and pose a danger to the public and to frail, elderly, and vulnerable populations. Licensed care operators and other persons continue to refer or transfer patients to unlicensed care homes unbeknownst to patients. This practice places patients at risk and better enforcement on the sources of these referrals must be put in place. In addition, at least twenty-one unlicensed care homes have used the landlord exclusion to avoid the department of health's regulatory oversight. This, too, places patients at risk. By repealing the landlord exclusion, the department of health will have the ability to conduct an investigation to determine whether unlicensed activity is occurring or not.
Accordingly, the purpose of this Act is to expand protections for vulnerable senior citizens, the public at large, and residents of care homes by ensuring compliance with licensure requirements by:
(1) Clarifying that any person, corporation, or entity is prohibited from knowingly referring or transferring patients to an uncertified or unlicensed care facility; and
(2) Repealing the landlord exclusion.
SECTION 2. Section 321-487, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
"(a) It shall be unlawful for [
a certified or
licensed healthcare provider or certified or licensed care facility] any
person, corporation, or entity to knowingly refer or transfer patients to
an uncertified or unlicensed care facility. The
department may impose a fine on any [ certified or licensed healthcare
provider or certified or licensed care facility] person, corporation, or
entity that knowingly refers or transfers patients to a care home, agency,
or facility operating without a certificate or license as required by law; provided
includes but is not limited to failing to determine whether the care home,
agency, or facility has the required certificate or license; provided further
that the fine shall be [ no] not more than:
(1) $500 for the first violation;
(2) $1,000 for the second violation; and
(3) $2,000 for the third and each succeeding violation."
SECTION 3. Section 321—488, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is repealed.
For purposes of this chapter, a
landlord, as defined in section 521-8, shall not be deemed to be providing home
care services or to be operating a care facility requiring a license under this
chapter solely due to a landlord permitting a tenant to receive care services
from persons licensed to provide care services, if licensing is otherwise
required by law, and the landlord does not require a tenant to use or pay for
care services as a condition of the rental agreement. For the purposes of this section, an operator
means an individual or entity that operates or manages a healthcare facility or
similar facility that provides care services in that facility."]
SECTION 4. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 5. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2023.
Care Homes; Uncertified; Unlicensed; Landlord Exclusion; Repeal
Clarifies that any person, corporation, or entity is prohibited from knowingly referring or transferring patients to an uncertified or unlicensed care facility. Repeals the landlord exclusion. (SD1)
The summary description
of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is
not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.