THIRTY-FIRST LEGISLATURE, 2022
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
relating to fireworks.
ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. In an effort to address the problem of illegal fireworks, the legislature passed Act 170, Session Laws of Hawaii 2010, that established the illegal fireworks task force to develop strategies and make recommendations to address the illegal importation and use of fireworks in the State. Among other things, the task force recommended increasing random inspections for illegal fireworks by expanding inspection authority and focusing cargo inspections to make the inspections more manageable.
Subsequently, pursuant to Act 184, Session Laws of Hawaii 2019, the legislative reference bureau updated the findings and recommendations of the Report of the Illegal Fireworks Task Force to the Legislature for the Regular Session of 2011. The 2019 legislative reference bureau report, Blast From the Past: An Update to the Report of the Illegal Fireworks Task Force to the Legislature for the Regular Session of 2011, indicated that the "majority of respondents to the [Legislative Reference] Bureau's Survey appeared to agree that the issues and challenges presented by the Task Force in its 2011 report remain relevant today."
The legislature understands this is a complex issue that will require collaboration from many people and agencies. The intent of this Act is not to attempt to change or diminish the job duties of department of transportation employees who currently have inspection responsibilities, nor is it attempting to interfere with existing collective bargaining agreements. The legislature finds it is important to safeguard the health and safety of those in Hawai‘i. Often times, the use of illegal fireworks leads to serious, permanent bodily injury, death, and causes stress and anxiety for those living with posttraumatic stress disorder.
The purpose of this Act is to address the illegal importation and use of fireworks in the State by:
(1) Establishing a shipping container inspection program to randomly inspect shipping containers arriving in the State for illegal fireworks and explosives, including the use of explosive-sniffing dogs to inspect the containers;
(2) Appropriating funds to the department of public safety for the effective detection, safe storage, and disposal of illegal fireworks; and
(3) Increasing the maximum fine for certain violations of the fireworks law.
SECTION 2. Chapter 226, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
container inspection program. (a) The department of public safety, in
collaboration with the departments of defense and transportation, and any federal
agencies, including any of the United States armed services, state agencies,
and private organizations involved with shipping cargo into the State, shall
develop and implement a program to randomly inspect shipping containers
arriving in Honolulu for illegal fireworks and explosives smuggled into the
State. The program shall begin no later
than October 1, 2022.
(b) The shipping container inspection program
(1) Include the use
of explosive-sniffing dogs to inspect incoming shipping containers to the
greatest extent reasonable at a designated secure site, and if logistically necessary,
located away from a commercial harbor;
resources toward high risk containers over low risk containers. For purposes of this paragraph, "low
risk container" includes shipping containers containing goods to be
delivered to the military, state or county agencies, and businesses registered
to do business in the State that are in good standing;
(3) Inspect all shipping containers containing legal fireworks using personnel who are able to distinguish legal fireworks from illegal fireworks at a designated secure site and, if logistically necessary, located away from a commercial harbor; and
(4) Balance safety
concerns with commercial interests to avoid increases in consumer costs.
(c) The department of public safety shall coordinate
and conduct the random inspection of shipping containers pursuant to this section.
The Hawaii national guard may be utilized
to assist in the random inspection of shipping containers.
(d) Any container identified by the department of public
safety as requiring additional inspection for possible illegal fireworks shall be
inspected by the appropriate bargaining unit employees and shall not be contracted
out and subcontracted.
(e) The department of public safety may request funding
from the federal government for homeland security and port security measures and
work with the military to secure other funding sources for the purposes of the program.
(f) The department of public safety shall adopt rules
in accordance with chapter 91 for the purposes of this section."
SECTION 3. Section 132D-14, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
Except as provided in subsection (a) or as otherwise specifically
provided for in this chapter, any person violating any other provision of this
,] shall be fined not more than [ $2,000] $5,000
for each violation. Notwithstanding any
provision to the contrary in this section, any person violating section 132D-14.5
shall be fined at least $500 and no more than $2,000."
SECTION 4. No later than twenty days prior to the convening of the regular sessions of 2023 and 2024, the department of public safety shall submit to the legislature reports on the implementation of the shipping container inspection program established pursuant to this Act. The reports shall include findings and recommendations, including costs expended to date, the estimated cost of operating the program, and any proposed legislation.
SECTION 5. There is appropriated out of the general revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $750,000 or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2022-2023 for costs to establish and administer the shipping container inspection program, including the purchase, care, and handling of at least two explosive-sniffing dogs.
The sum appropriated shall be expended by the department of public safety for the purposes of this Act.
SECTION 6. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 7. This Act shall take effect upon its approval; provided that section 5 of this Act shall take effect on July 1, 2022.
Illegal Fireworks; Public Safety Department; Department of Transportation; Shipping Container Inspection Program; Fees; Fines; Appropriation
Establishes the shipping container inspection program and appropriates funds for the shipping container inspection program. Increases the maximum fine for each violation of the fireworks law. Requires the Department of Public Safety to submit reports to the Legislature on implementation of the shipping container inspection program. Makes an appropriation.
The summary description
of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is
not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.