STAND. COM. REP. NO. 3471
RE: H.B. No. 1517
Honorable Ronald D. Kouchi
President of the Senate
Thirty-First State Legislature
Regular Session of 2022
State of Hawaii
Your Committees on Agriculture and Environment and Energy, Economic Development, and Tourism, to which was referred H.B. No. 1517, H.D. 2, entitled:
"A BILL FOR AN ACT RELATING TO COFFEE,"
beg leave to report as follows:
The purpose and intent of this measure is to:
(1) Require coffee blend labels to disclose geographic and regional origins and percent by weight of the blended coffees;
(2) Prohibit using geographic origins of coffee in labeling or advertising for roasted or instant coffee that contains less than a certain percentage of coffee by weight from that geographic origin, phased in to a minimum of fifty-one percent after July 1, 2024;
(3) Prohibit use of the term "All Hawaiian" in labeling or advertising for roasted or instant coffee not produced entirely from green coffee beans grown in Hawaii; and
(4) Appropriate moneys for the pesticide subsidy program and for one full-time equivalent position to conduct inspections.
Your Committees received testimony in support of this measure from the Department of Agriculture; three members of the Hawai‘i County Council; Hawai‘i Farmers Union United; Kona Coffee Farmers Association; Absolute Palate, LLC; Kauai Coffee Company; Hawaii Coffee Association; Cyanotech Corporation; Lions Gate Farms; Hawaii Coffee Growers Association; Kokoleka Lani Farms; Ka‘u Coffee Growers Cooperative; Kauai Women's Caucus; The Four Sens, LLC; Huahua Farm; Rancho Aloha; Life of the Land; Kona Earth, LLC; Hawai‘i Alliance for Progressive Action; Hawaii's Thousand Friends; Kona-Kohala Chamber of Commerce; South Kona Estate; LavaRock Farm; Chamber of Sustainable Commerce; and thirty-three individuals. Your Committees received testimony in opposition to this measure from Aloha Hills Kona Coffee, LLC; Cancino Family Farm; Hawaii Restaurant Association; Kona Coffee Council; Hawaii Food Industry Association; Hawaii Coffee Company; Retail Merchants of Hawaii; and two individuals. Your Committees received comments on this measure from the Department of Budget and Finance.
Your Committees find that coffee is one of Hawaii's most valuable agricultural crops. However, existing labeling requirements allow products containing as little as ten percent Hawaii-grown coffee to be advertised as Kona, Maui, or Kau coffee. The low threshold for products to be labeled with Hawaii's geographic names damages the reputation of Hawaii's coffee industry and reduces the revenues of the State's coffee producers. This measure establishes additional labeling requirements for coffee products to ensure that the products' advertising more appropriately reflects their origins. However, your Committees further find that the economic impacts of changes to the labeling requirements are unclear. Without more information on the economic impacts, there is a risk of unintended consequences for Hawaii's coffee growers and the State's economy.
Accordingly, your Committees have amended this measure by:
(1) Removing the proposed changes to existing coffee labeling requirements;
(2) Requiring the Department of Budget and Finance to conduct a study of the economic impacts of the proposed coffee labeling requirements; and
(3) Making technical, nonsubstantive amendments for the purposes of clarity and consistency.
As affirmed by the records of votes of the members of your Committees on Agriculture and Environment and Energy, Economic Development, and Tourism that are attached to this report, your Committees are in accord with the intent and purpose of H.B. No. 1517, H.D. 2, as amended herein, and recommend that it pass Second Reading in the form attached hereto as H.B. No. 1517, H.D. 2, S.D. 1, and be referred to your Committees on Commerce and Consumer Protection and Ways and Means.
Respectfully submitted on behalf of the members of the Committees on Agriculture and Environment and Energy, Economic Development, and Tourism,
GLENN WAKAI, Chair
MIKE GABBARD, Chair