Honolulu, Hawaii


RE: S.B. No. 478

S.D. 1




Honorable Ronald D. Kouchi

President of the Senate

Thirty-First State Legislature

Regular Session of 2021

State of Hawaii




Your Committee on Agriculture and Environment, to which was referred S.B. No. 478 entitled:




begs leave to report as follows:


The purpose and intent of this measure is to encourage and support the growth of new, small, and diversified farming businesses by excluding from the State income tax the lesser of a percentage of gross annual income or an amount of gross annual income earned by a farmer from farming activities.


Your Committee received testimony in support of this measure from the Hawaii Food Industry Association, Hawaii Farm Bureau, Ulupono Initiative LLC, and two individuals. Your Committee comments on this measure from the Department of Agriculture, Department of the Attorney General, Department of Taxation, and Tax Foundation of Hawaii.


Your Committee finds that Hawaii imports far more goods and services than it exports, thus creating a significant negative trade flow. Your Committee additionally notes that the growth of small, diversified farming businesses will add to and diversify Hawaii's economy and encourage more local food production. A partial tax exclusion for such businesses will not significantly affect existing tax revenue by the State, but will strengthen the State's economy, and improve the long-term economic well-being of the State as a whole.


Your Committee further finds that of Hawaii's seven thousand farmers, including all business entities, approximately nine percent earn more than seventy-five percent of their total household income from farming. By creating an exclusion from income tax for the lesser of a percentage of gross annual income or an amount of gross annual income earned by farmers for farming activities, this measure will help Hawaii address the imbalance in agricultural trade and significantly expand food production in the State.


Your Committee has amended this measure by:


(1) Amending the definition of "farmer" and "farm products"; and


(2) Making technical, nonsubstantive amendments for the purposes of clarity and consistency.


As affirmed by the record of votes of the members of your Committee on Agriculture and Environment that is attached to this report, your Committee is in accord with the intent and purpose of S.B. No. 478, as amended herein, and recommends that it pass Second Reading in the form attached hereto as S.B. No. 478, S.D. 1, and be referred to your Committee on Ways and Means.


Respectfully submitted on behalf of the members of the Committee on Agriculture and Environment,