Honolulu, Hawaii


RE: S.B. No. 341

S.D. 1




Honorable Ronald D. Kouchi

President of the Senate

Thirty-First State Legislature

Regular Session of 2021

State of Hawaii




Your Committee on Agriculture and Environment, to which was referred S.B. No. 341 entitled:




begs leave to report as follows:


The purpose and intent of this measure is to establish a state income tax exemption for taro production.


Your Committee received testimony in support of this measure from Ku-A-Kanaka LLC; Hawaii Alliance for Progressive Action; Hawaii Food Industry Association; Hawaii Farm Bureau; Supersistence; Food+ Policy Internship; Hawaii SEED; and thirty-eight individuals. Your Committee received comments on this measure from the Department of Agriculture; Department of the Attorney General; Department of Taxation; Tax Foundation of Hawaii; and two individuals.


Your Committee finds that it is of critical importance to protect and perpetuate the traditional practice of taro farming as part of Hawaii's cultural identify and its role in local food security. Loi kalo, or wetland taro systems, are recognized for their potential to mitigate impacts of climate change by functioning as riparian buffers and soil capture basins. Underground foods, such as taro, can often survive hurricane or flood events and be harvested to address immediate food shortages where the capacity to store and cook food can be retained. Your Committee also finds that tax relief measures allow farmers to build structures, reinvest in their farms and businesses, and offer more attractive opportunities for the next generation to engage in taro farming, perpetuating important cultural practices and additional food security measures. This measure creates stronger economic incentives for new taro farmers, improve the livelihoods for existing taro farmers, and reduce the cost of poi for local families by exempting taro production from state income taxes for the first $100,000 of income derived from taro, taro products, and land used to produce taro if the total amount of land used to cultivate taro in Hawaii does not exceed thirty thousand acres at any point in the year.


Your Committee has amended this measure by:


(1) Removing the requirement that the tax exemption be limited to preparations of taro, poi, and value-added taro products exclusively made from taro grown in the State;


(2) Clarifying the parties and their activities that would qualify for income tax exclusion;


(3) Adding definitions for "persons engaged in taro production", "poi mill", "taro corm", and "taro huli";


(4) Inserting language to indicate that the first $100,000 of a person's income from the business of taro cultivation or production is excluded from their gross income for Hawaii income tax purposes;


(5) Stipulating that the exclusion shall not apply if the Department of Agriculture determines that the thirty thousand acre threshold has been met;


(6) Allowing the Department of Taxation to consult with the Office of Hawaiian Affairs in the administration of the tax exemption; and


(7) Making technical, nonsubstantive amendments for the purposes of clarity and consistency.


As affirmed by the record of votes of the members of your Committee on Agriculture and Environment that is attached to this report, your Committee is in accord with the intent and purpose of S.B. No. 341, as amended herein, and recommends that it pass Second Reading in the form attached hereto as S.B. No. 341, S.D. 1, and be referred to your Committee on Ways and Means.


Respectfully submitted on behalf of the members of the Committee on Agriculture and Environment,