HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TWENTY-NINTH LEGISLATURE, 2018
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO BICYCLES.
ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that maintaining a safe passing distance between vehicles and bicyclists on the road will directly address one of the biggest hazards to bicyclists. According to the United States Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, twenty-eight cyclists have been killed on roads in Hawaii during the time period between 2006 and 2015. A May 2014 report conducted by the League of American Bicyclists stated that forty-four per cent of all bicyclist fatalities result from being struck from behind or sideswiped by a motorist. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported in its 2012 "National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior" that twelve per cent of bicyclists "felt threatened for personal safety" the last time they rode a bicycle. The primary reason given by those bicyclists was that "someone drove too close to them."
The legislature further finds that safely sharing our roads requires clear ground rules. Many drivers do not know the amount of distance they need to maintain to safely pass a bicyclist. A law that sets a three-foot safe passing distance would make it clear to drivers how much space they must maintain when passing a bicyclist.
The legislature also finds that similar
safe passing distance laws have been effective in other jurisdictions. Thirty-nine states and the District of
Columbia have a safe passing distance law.
Twenty-eight of those jurisdictions require a three-foot safe passing
distance. Some of those jurisdictions require
four feet or more.
The purpose of this Act is to require a
three-foot minimum safe passing distance when a motorist passes and overtakes a
SECTION 2. Section 291C-43, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
§291C-43[ ]] Overtaking a vehicle or bicycle on the
left. The following rules shall
govern the overtaking and passing of vehicles or bicycles proceeding in
the same direction, subject to those limitations, exceptions, and special rules
(1) The driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same direction shall pass to the left thereof at a safe distance and shall not again drive to the right side of the roadway until safely clear of the overtaken vehicle.
(2) The driver of a vehicle passing or overtaking
a bicyclist proceeding in the same direction shall allow at least three feet of
separation between the right side of the driver's vehicle, including all
mirrors or other protuberances, and the left side of the bicyclist, and shall
not again drive to the right side of the roadway until safely clear of the
(2)] (3) Except
when overtaking and passing on the right is permitted, the driver of an
overtaken vehicle shall give way to the right in favor of the overtaking
vehicle on audible signal and shall not increase the speed of the driver's
vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle."
SECTION 3. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 4. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2018.
Bicyclist; Passing and Overtaking; Motor Vehicle Drivers
Requires the driver of a vehicle passing and overtaking a bicycle proceeding in the same direction to allow at least three feet of separation between the right side of the driver's vehicle and the left side of the bicyclist. (HB2215 CD1)
The summary description
of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is
not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.