H.B. NO.



H.D. 1
















     SECTION 1.  The legislature finds that more than ten per cent of Hawaii residents, including tens of thousands of children and seniors, are food insecure and receive food assistance through nonprofit organizations and government programs.  Despite the high level of food insecurity, Hawaii businesses and residents discard more than 237,000 tons of food waste annually.

     The legislature further finds that approximately twenty-six per cent of food grown in or imported to Hawaii is thrown away, amounting to approximately $1,000,000,000 in annual food waste.  Worldwide, an estimated one-third of the food raised or prepared goes to waste, despite more than 800,000,000 people worldwide experiencing hunger.

     The legislature recognizes that food production is a direct contributor to local and global climate change.  Food production requires energy, fertilizer, irrigation, feed for livestock, and other resources that contribute to greenhouse gas emissions and add pollutants to the environment.  Food waste entering landfills creates methane gas, a greenhouse gas that is eighty-four times more potent than carbon dioxide.  Worldwide, wasted food accounts for approximately eight per cent of all anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions.

     The Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Act was passed by the United States Congress in 1996 to protect good-faith food donors from civil and criminal liability and to encourage the donation of food that would otherwise go to waste.  Despite these protections, much of the wholesome surplus food in Hawaii and in other states is discarded instead of donated.  A California survey found that forty-four per cent of manufacturers, forty-one per cent of restaurants, and twenty-five per cent of retailers identified fear of liability as their primary barrier to donating surplus food.

     The purpose of this Act is to discourage food waste and encourage food donation to needy recipients by:

     (1)  Clarifying and expanding liability protections for good-faith food donors;

     (2)  Allowing the donation of expired food when the donor makes a good-faith judgment that the food is unspoiled; and

     (3)  Requiring that education about food donation liability protections be made a part of the health inspection process so that food establishments are aware of these provisions.

     SECTION 2.  Chapter 321, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to part I to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:

     "§321-    Promotion of food donation.  The inspection of food establishments pursuant to this chapter shall include educating owners, managers, or appropriate agents of food establishments on the existence and operation of chapter 145D.  The department shall publish and distribute to food establishments materials that include an explanation of the exceptions to liability in section 145D-2."

     SECTION 3.  Section 145D-2, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:

     "[[]§145D-2[]]  Exceptions to liability.  (a)  Any donor of food products, who in good faith donates the food [for]:

     (1)  Directly; or

     (2)  For the use or distribution by a charitable, religious, or nonprofit organization, or government entity;

to needy persons shall not be liable for any civil damages or criminal penalties for any injuries or illnesses including, but not limited to injuries or illnesses resulting from the nature, age, condition, packaging, or handling of the donated food products, except for [such] damages [as may] that result from the donor's gross negligence or wanton acts or omissions. 

     (b)  A charitable, religious, or nonprofit organization [which], or government entity that, pursuant to subsection (a), in good faith receives food, apparently fit for human consumption, and distributes it to needy persons at no charge, shall not be liable for any civil damages or criminal penalties resulting from the condition of the food unless an injury or illness results from its gross negligence, or wanton acts or omissions.

     (c)  This section shall not relieve any organization or government entity from any other duty imposed [upon them] by law for the inspection of donated food products or for any provisions regarding the handling of [such] those products.

     (d)  The exceptions to liability specified in subsection (a) shall include:

     (1)  The donation of perishable or nonperishable food that has exceeded the labeled shelf life date recommended by the manufacturer; and

     (2)  The donation of farm produce, including where the needy person is directly involved in the harvest of the donated food;

provided that the donor that donates, or the organization or government entity that distributes, the food in good faith to the needy person reasonably believes that the food is fit for human consumption.

     As used in this section, "farm produce" means all agricultural, horticultural, and vegetable produce of the soil, poultry, poultry products, livestock, and livestock products, but shall not include timber or timber products."

     SECTION 4.  Section 663-10.6, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsections (a) and (b) to read as follows:

     "(a)  Any charitable or nonprofit organization that in good faith provides shelter or proper means of subsistence to needy persons as part of its bona fide and customary charitable activities, rendered without remuneration or expectation of remuneration, shall be exempt from civil liability for injuries and damages resulting from the organization's acts or omissions in providing [such] the shelter or subsistence, except for gross negligence or wanton acts or omissions of the organization.

     (b)  Any [person] donor who donates goods, [food,] materials, or services [to]:

     (1)  Directly to a needy person; or

     (2)  To a charitable or nonprofit organization described in subsection (a);

shall be exempt from civil liability for injuries and damages resulting from the donation, except for gross negligence or wanton acts or omissions."

     SECTION 5.  This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.

     SECTION 6.  Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken.  New statutory material is underscored.

     SECTION 7.  This Act shall take effect on July 1, 3000.


Report Title:

Food Donation; Liability Protection



Requires DOH to educate food establishments about liability protections.  Expands liability protection for donors to include donations of food and similar donations made directly to needy persons.  Authorizes the donation of expired food when the donor believes in good faith that the food remains fit for human consumption.  (HB1806 HD1)




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