HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TWENTY-EIGHTH LEGISLATURE, 2016
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO EDUCATION.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. Approximately seventy-four per cent of all children in Hawaii are raised by working families. Parents and the High Cost of Child Care, 2015 Report, by ChildCare Aware of America, reports that Hawaii is the fourth least-affordable state for the cost of before-school or after-school care for a school-aged child in a child care center ($8,919 in 2014) as a percentage of median income for married couples ($87,567). The Afterschool Alliance reports that thirty-nine per cent, or 59,057, of all Hawaii children who are not enrolled in an after-school program would be likely to participate in a program if one were available in the community.
Approximately 4,645 children in Hawaii are homeless and can benefit from a safe, structured out-of-school environment. Out-of-school programs can be aligned with the school day to complement, but not duplicate, learning and can expose students to the arts, culture, literacy, fitness, math, science, character development, and community service. The purpose of out-of-school programs is to provide high-quality care and a high-quality learning experience while preventing Hawaii's youth from engaging in risky behaviors that may lead to tobacco, alcohol, or drug use or teen pregnancy and often result in youths' dropping out of school or being unprepared to enter the workforce. Many out-of-school programs offered by community organizations are expensive and often inaccessible due to the high demand for services driven by the lack of out-of-school programming throughout the State. The State has a responsibility to provide its youth with a variety of educational out-of-school activities that build character and self-esteem.
Hawaii has been recognized by the After-school Alliance as being one of the top ten states for providing out-of-school programs. More than a decade of research confirms that high-quality after-school programs inspire and motivate children to learn, support children's social and emotional growth, and help raise academic achievement. A study of outcomes associated with participation in after-school programs found that students who regularly participate during the elementary school years showed a variety of gains, including: narrowing the math achievement gap at grade five between high-income and low-income students; improving work habits and self-sufficiency; and reducing the number of school absences. Furthermore, seventy-two per cent of parents surveyed in Hawaii agree that after-school programs help working parents to keep their jobs.
However, each day after the school day ends, seventeen per cent or approximately 36,474 of Hawaii's youth in grades K-12 are responsible for taking care of themselves.
States have supported policies that expand learning opportunities to advance a range of state education and youth goals. These opportunities, known as expanded learning opportunities, offer structured learning environments outside the traditional school day hours through before- and after-school programs. They provide a range of enrichment and learning activities in various subjects, including arts; civic engagement; language; and science, technology, engineering, and math.
The approximate total cost to fund out-of-school and after-school programs is $21,000,000, divided as follows: A-plus program, $1,000,000; middle school program, including intermediate athletics, $9,000,000; junior varsity and varsity athletics, $8,000,000; and career and technical education, $3,000,000. The State recognizes the importance of these programs and proposes a phased funding plan over the next three fiscal years, as follows:
(1) Phase I, fiscal year 2016-2017: $9,000,000
Middle schools (fifty-four department of education schools and thirty public charter schools);
(2) Phase II, fiscal year 2017-2018: $11,000,000
Forty-four public high schools; and
(3) Phase III, fiscal year 2018-2019: $1,000,000
173 public elementary schools and seven public charter schools.
The purpose of this Act is to:
(1) Establish the Hawaii three-to-six out-of-school program;
(2) Create the Hawaii three-to-six out-of-school program revolving fund;
(3) Provide a single funding source to fund after-school programs included in the Hawaii three to six out-of-school program, such as the following: After-school plus program (A+); After-School All-Stars; athletics; career and technical education; middle school programming; Resources for Enrichment, Athletics, Culture, and Health for Hawaii (R.E.A.C.H.); rugby4good; United Peers Learning, Integrating New Knowledge (UPLINK); and 21st Century Community Learning Centers; and
(4) Make an appropriation.
SECTION 2. Chapter 302A, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding two new sections to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
"§302A‑A Hawaii three-to-six out-of-school program. (a) There is established within the department the Hawaii three-to-six out-of-school program for grades kindergarten through twelve, to be conducted during after-school hours, on weekends, and during inter-sessions. All public schools, including charter schools, may participate in and be eligible for funding through the program. The department may contract with private providers to operate the program; provided that this section shall not be interpreted to impose any liability whatsoever of any kind or nature upon the department, its employees, or its agents.
(b) The program shall be funded from appropriations from the three-to-six out-of-school program revolving fund established under section 302A‑B. In addition, the department:
(1) Shall seek other funding sources, including federal grants, private entities, individuals, nonprofit organizations, and religious entities; provided that donated or voluntary services shall be deemed the equivalent of funding; and
(2) May collect fees from student participants in the program.
§302A-B Hawaii three-to-six out-of-school program revolving fund. There is established within the treasury of the State the Hawaii, the three-to-six out-of-school program revolving fund, to be administered by the department. The revolving fund shall consist of:
(1) Appropriations made by the legislature; and
(2) Fees, donations, and other funds, as provided in section 302A-A."
SECTION 3. There is appropriated out of the general revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $ or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2016-2017 for deposit into the Hawaii three-to-six out-of-school program revolving fund established by section 2 of this Act.
SECTION 4. There is appropriated out of the Hawaii three-to-six out-of-school program revolving fund the sum of $ or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2016-2017 for implementation costs and expenses for the Hawaii three-to-six out-of-school program established by section 2 of this Act.
The sum appropriated shall be expended by the department of education for the purposes of this Act.
SECTION 5. In codifying the new sections added by section 2 of this Act, the revisor of statutes shall substitute appropriate section numbers for the letters used in designating the new sections in this Act.
SECTION 6. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 7. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2050.
Education; Hawaii Three-to-Six Out-of-School Program and Revolving Fund; Appropriation
Establishes the Hawaii Three-to-six Out-of-school Program for grades kindergarten through twelve. Authorizes the Department of Education to contract with private providers to furnish out-of-school programs for grades kindergarten through twelve, conducted during after-school hours, on weekends, and during inter-sessions. Establishes the Hawaii Three-to-six Out-of-school Program Revolving Fund, to be administered by the Department of Education. Makes appropriations. (HB2738 HD1)
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.