S.B. NO.



S.D. 1
















     SECTION 1.  The legislature finds that shooting ranges in this State serve as valuable resources for target shooting and firearm safety training.  Shooting ranges and target shooting facilities are important public recreation resources and provide opportunities for law enforcement agencies and personnel to maintain necessary firearms skills training at minimal cost.  The continued existence and viability of shooting ranges are impacted by burdensome retroactive regulation and lawsuits, threatening the availability of vital firearms training for local law enforcement agencies, hunters, and the general public.

     SECTION 2.  Chapter 134, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:

     "§134-    Sport shooting ranges; protection.  (a)  Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a person who operates or uses a sport shooting range in the State shall not be subject to civil liability or criminal prosecution in any matter relating to noise or noise pollution resulting from the operation or use of a sport shooting range in compliance with applicable noise control laws or ordinances established after to the date of initial construction or operation of the range.

     (b)  A person who operates or uses a sport shooting range shall not be subject to an action for nuisance, and a court of the State shall not enjoin the use or operation of a range on the basis of noise or noise pollution if the range is in compliance with noise control laws or ordinances established on or prior to the date of initial construction or operation of the range.

     (c)  Rules adopted by a state department or agency to limit noise decibel levels that may occur in the outdoor atmosphere shall not apply to sport shooting ranges if the rules are adopted and apply to the period after the date of initial construction and operation of the range.

     (d)  A person who acquires title to or who owns real property adversely affected by the use of a permanently affixed sport shooting range shall not maintain a nuisance action against an individual who owns the range to restrain, enjoin, or impede the use of the range where there has not been a substantial change in the nature of the use of the range.

     (e)  Any sport shooting range that is operated pursuant to existing law at the time of enactment of an ordinance shall be permitted continued operational use of the shooting range despite nonconformance to a new ordinance or an amendment to an existing ordinance.

     (f)  A person who participates in sport shooting at a sport shooting range accepts obvious and inherent risks associated with participation in the sport, including but not limited to injuries that may result from noise, discharge of a projectile or shot, malfunction of sport shooting equipment not owned by the shooting range, natural variations in terrain, surface, or subsurface, weather conditions, bare spots, rocks, trees, and other forms of natural growth or debris.

     (g)  Except as otherwise provided in this section, this section shall not prohibit local government from regulating the location and construction of a sport shooting range.

     (h)  For purposes of this section:

     "Local government" means a county, city, or town.

     "Sport shooting range" or "range" means an area designed and operated for the use of firearms, rifles, shotguns, pistols, silhouettes, skeet, trap, black powder, or any other similar sport shooting."

     SECTION 3.  New statutory material is underscored.

     SECTION 4.  This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2015.




Report Title:

Sport Shooting Range Protection; Noise; Retroactive




Provides protections against burdensome retroactive regulation and lawsuits and prevents frivolous claims against sport shooting range operators and individuals engaging in target shooting.  (SD1)




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