HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TWENTY-SEVENTH LEGISLATURE, 2013
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO ELECTIONS.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. Section 11-139, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§11-139 Voting assistance. (a) [
Except as otherwise provided, any voter who requires assistance to vote at
a polling place or by absentee ballot may be given assistance by a person
of the voter's choice[ , other than the voter's employer or agent of that
employer or agent of the voter's union, or]. If the voter requires
assistance at a polling place, the voter may choose to receive the
assistance of two precinct officials who are not of the same political party. Additionally,
[ A] a voter needing assistance at a polling place may choose
to be handed a ballot outside the polling place but within one hundred feet
thereof or within the polling place parking lot by the precinct officials and
in their presence but in a secret manner, mark and return the same to the
precinct officials. The voter's employer or agent of that employer, agent
of the voter's union, or a candidate for any office that is listed on that
ballot shall not provide assistance.
The] If assistance is provided
pursuant to subsection (a), the precinct officials providing assistance
shall enter in writing in the record book the following:
(1) The voter's name;
(2) The fact that the voter cannot read the names on the ballot, if that is the reason for requiring assistance, and otherwise, the specific physical disability which requires the voter to receive assistance; and
(3) The name or names of the person or persons furnishing the assistance.
(c) Violation of this section by an employer or agent of that employer, agent of the voter's union, or candidate who violates this section shall constitute election fraud as provided under section 19-3."
SECTION 2. Section 11-91.5, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
Federal, state, and county elections by mail. (a) Any federal, state, or
county election held other than on the date of a regularly scheduled primary or
general election may be conducted by mail.
(b) The chief election officer shall determine whether a federal or state election, other than a regularly scheduled primary or general election, may be conducted by mail or at polling places.
(c) The county clerk shall determine whether a county election, held other than on the date of a regularly scheduled primary or general election, may be conducted by mail or at polling places. An election by mail in the county shall be under the supervision of the county clerk.
(d) Any ballot cast by mail under this section shall be subject to the voting assistance requirements for absentee ballots pursuant to section 11-139 and section 15-6 including the provision of any penalties thereof.
(d)](e) The chief election
officer shall adopt rules pursuant to chapter 91 to provide for uniformity in
the conduct of federal, state, and county elections by mail."
SECTION 3. Section 15-6, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§15-6 Return envelope, ballot
envelope; instructions. The clerk shall provide the absentee voter with
the ballots, ballot envelopes, and a return envelope [
shall contain a statement to be subscribed to by the voter [ which] that
affirms the fact that the voter is the person voting[ ,] and that
the voter's employer or agent, agent of the voter's union, or any candidate
listed on the ballot did not assist the voter, along with the
instruction that the voter's ballot will be valid only if the affirmation
statement is signed, materials summarizing the provisions in sections 19-3,
19-3.5, 19-4, and 19-6, and any other information prescribed by the rules
promulgated by the chief election officer."
SECTION 4. Section 19-3, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§19-3 Election frauds. The following persons shall be deemed guilty of an election fraud:
(1) Every person who, directly or indirectly, personally or through another, gives, procures, or lends, or agrees or offers to give, procure, or lend, or who endeavors to procure, any money or office or place of employment or valuable consideration to or for any elector, or to or for any person for an elector, or to or for any person in order to induce any elector to vote or refrain from voting, or to vote or refrain from voting for any particular person or party, or who does any such act on account of any person having voted or refrained from voting for any particular person at any election;
(2) Every person who advances or pays, or causes to be paid, any money to, or to the use of, any other person, with the intent that the money, or any part thereof, shall be expended in bribery at any election, or for any purpose connected with or incidental to any election; or who knowingly pays or causes to be paid any money to any person in the discharge or repayment of any money wholly or partly expended in bribery at any election, or for any purpose connected with or incidental to any election;
(3) Every elector who, before, during or after any election, directly or indirectly, personally or through another, receives, agrees, or contracts for any money, gift, loan, or valuable consideration, office, place, or employment for oneself or any other person for voting or agreeing to vote, or for refraining to vote or agreeing to refrain from voting, or for voting or refraining to vote for any particular person or party;
(4) Every person who, directly or indirectly, personally or through another, makes use of, or threatens to make use of, any force, violence, or restraint; or inflicts or threatens to inflict any injury, damage, or loss in any manner, or in any way practices intimidation upon or against any person in order to induce or compel the person to vote or refrain from voting, or to vote or refrain from voting for any particular person or party, at any election, or on account of the person having voted or refrained from voting, or voted or refrained from voting for any particular person or party; or who by abduction, distress, or any device or contrivance impedes, prevents, or otherwise interferes with the free exercise of the elective franchise;
(5) Every person who, at any election, votes or attempts to vote in the name of any other person, living or dead, or in some fictitious name, or who, having once voted, votes or attempts to vote again, or knowingly gives or attempts to give more than one ballot for the same office at one time of voting;
(6) Every person who, before or during an election, knowingly publishes a false statement of the withdrawal of any candidate at the election;
(7) Every person who induces or procures any person to withdraw from being a candidate at an election in consideration of any payment or gift or valuable consideration; or of any threat; and every candidate who withdraws from being a candidate in pursuance of such inducement or procurement;
(8) Every public officer by law required to do or perform any act or thing with reference to any of the provisions in any law concerning elections who wilfully fails, neglects, or refuses to do or perform the same, or who is guilty of any wilful violation of any of the provisions thereof;
(9) Any person wilfully tampering or attempting to tamper with, disarrange, deface, or impair in any manner whatsoever, or destroy any voting machine while the same is in use at any election, or who, after the machine is locked in order to preserve the registration or record of any election made by the same, tampers or attempts to tamper with any voting machine; and
(10) Every person who, directly or indirectly,
personally or through another, wilfully designs, alters, accesses, or programs
any electronic voting system to cause the system to inaccurately record, tally,
or report votes cast on the electronic voting system[
(11) Every person who assists a voter in the completion of a ballot in violation of voter assistance laws of section 11-319."
SECTION 5. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.
SECTION 6. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 7. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2013.
Elections by Mail; Absentee Ballot; Secrecy; Voter Assistance; Election Fraud
Requires absentee voters to affirm by signature that the ballot was completed in secrecy and without influence from others. Requires absentee ballots to include information regarding election fraud, voter fraud, and related penalties. Prohibits employers, unions, and candidates or their agents from assisting voters with completing absentee ballots. Subjects special elections by mail to the same voter assistance requirements as for absentee ballots. Effective July 1, 2013. (HB1027 HD1)
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.