S.R. NO.













requesting that the year 2022 be designated as the year of the limu.




WHEREAS, limu is a crucial part of a healthy and productive reef ecosystem; and


WHEREAS, limu is the primary producer and, therefore, the base of the nearshore marine food chain; and


WHEREAS, limu is a key indicator of the health and resilience of an ahupuaa; and


WHEREAS, limu was once the third important component, along with fish and poi, of the traditional Native Hawaiian diet; and


WHEREAS, in the past, limu was used not only for food but also for medicinal purposes as well as for religious and cultural ceremonies; and


WHEREAS, much limu-based cultural knowledge has been lost over many generations due to a lack of knowledge and awareness of limu's significance; and


WHEREAS, there has been a steep decline of limu throughout the State and a correlating decline in the amount of nearshore fish; and


WHEREAS, the lack of knowledge and awareness about limu hinders any work or effort to increase Hawaii's population of nearshore fish; and


WHEREAS, recapturing, retaining, and sharing cultural and environmental knowledge about limu will benefit nearshore fisheries and all the people of Hawaii for many generations; now, therefore,

BE IT RESOLVED by the Senate of the Thirty-first Legislature of the State of Hawaii, Regular Session of 2021, that the year 2022 be declared the Year of the Limu; and


BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that a certified copy of this Resolution be transmitted to the Governor.









Report Title:

Year of the Limu; 2022