THIRTY-FIRST LEGISLATURE, 2021
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO STATE LIGHT DUTY VEHICLES.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that the use of fossil fuels is the State's primary contributor to greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere. These emissions cause climate change, which poses a serious threat to the State's economic well-being, public health, infrastructure, and environment. The State's dependence on fossil fuels also drains billions of dollars each year from the economy, makes residents vulnerable to the volatility of oil prices, and puts residents at increased risk in the event of a natural disaster. Thus, Act 15, Session Laws of Hawaii 2018, was enacted to establish a goal for the State's economy to become carbon neutral by the year 2045.
The legislature further finds that the transportation sector accounts for the use of over two-thirds of the oil imported into the State. The legislature notes that electric vehicles provide a viable, cost-effective alternative to vehicles that run on fossil fuels for ground transportation. The transition to an electric state-owned transportation fleet will bring considerable cost savings because of lower costs to operate and maintain these vehicles.
The purpose of this Act is to begin transitioning ground transportation to comprise one hundred per cent zero-emission vehicles in the State by establishing goals for the reduction and ultimate elimination of the use of fossil fuels for ground transportation, including a goal for the State to lead by example by transitioning one hundred per cent of its light-duty motor vehicles by 2030. This measure reflects the legislature's recognition of the challenges of transitioning medium-duty and heavy-duty motor vehicles and the resultant impacts on the feasibility of completely eliminating the use of fossil fuels by 2030.
SECTION 2. Chapter 105, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
"§105- Clean ground transportation goal. All state fleet light-duty motor vehicles shall be one hundred per cent zero-emission vehicles by December 31, 2030."
SECTION 3. Chapter 225P, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
"§225P- Climate change mitigation goal. It shall be the goal of the State to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and build energy efficiencies, including but not limited to attaining the state clean ground transportation goal for all state fleet light-duty motor vehicles to be one hundred per cent zero-emission vehicles by December 31, 2030."
SECTION 4. Section 103D-412, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (b) and (c) to read as follows:
"(b) Beginning January 1, 2010, all state and county entities, when purchasing new vehicles, shall seek vehicles with reduced dependence on petroleum-based fuels that meet the needs of the agency. Vehicles shall not be larger than necessary for the vehicle's intended functions. Priority for selecting vehicles shall be as follows:
(1) Electric or plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and fuel cell electric vehicles;
(2) Other alternative fuel vehicles;
(3) Hybrid electric vehicles; and
(4) Vehicles that are identified by the United States Environmental Protection Agency in its annual "Fuel Economy Leaders" report as being among the top performers for fuel economy in their class.
(c) For the purposes of this section:
"Agency" means a state agency, office, or department.
"Alternative fuel" means alcohol fuels, mixtures containing eighty-five per cent or more by volume of alcohols with gasoline or other fuels, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, hydrogen, biodiesel, mixtures containing twenty per cent or more by volume of biodiesel with diesel or other fuels, other fuels derived from biological materials, and electricity provided by off-board energy sources.
"Covered fleet" has the same meaning as contained in 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 490 Subpart C.
"Excluded vehicles" has the same meaning as provided in 10 Code of Federal Regulations section 490.3.
"Fuel cell electric vehicle" means a zero-emission electric vehicle that uses a fuel cell to convert hydrogen gas and oxygen into electricity that is used in a vehicle powertrain for propulsion.
"Light-duty motor vehicle" has the same meaning as contained in 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 490, not including any vehicle incapable of traveling on highways or any vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating greater than eight thousand five hundred pounds.
"Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle" means a vehicle with both an electric motor and a gasoline engine whose battery can be recharged by plugging it into an external source of electric power and by the vehicle's on-board engine and generator.
"Zero-emission electric vehicle" means a battery electric vehicle or a hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric vehicle."
SECTION 5. Section 196-9, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
"(c) With regard to motor vehicles and transportation fuel, each agency shall:
(1) Comply with Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 490, Subpart C, "Mandatory State Fleet Program", if applicable;
(2) Comply with all applicable state laws regarding vehicle purchases;
(3) Once federal and state vehicle purchase mandates have been satisfied, purchase the most fuel-efficient vehicles that meet the needs of their programs; provided that life cycle cost-benefit analysis of vehicle purchases shall include projected fuel costs;
(4) Purchase alternative fuels and ethanol blended gasoline when available;
(5) Evaluate a purchase preference for biodiesel blends, as applicable to agencies with diesel fuel purchases;
(6) Promote efficient operation of vehicles;
(7) Use the most appropriate minimum octane fuel; provided that vehicles shall use 87-octane fuel unless the owner's manual for the vehicle states otherwise or the engine experiences knocking or pinging;
(8) Beginning with fiscal year 2005-2006 as the baseline, collect and maintain, for the life of each vehicle acquired, the following data:
(A) Vehicle acquisition cost;
(B) United States Environmental Protection Agency rated fuel economy;
(C) Vehicle fuel
such as] including gasoline, diesel, flex-fuel
gasoline/E85, and dedicated propane;
(D) Actual in-use vehicle mileage;
(E) Actual in-use vehicle fuel consumption; and
(F) Actual in-use annual
average vehicle fuel economy;[
(9) Beginning with fiscal year 2005-2006 as the baseline with respect to each agency that operates a fleet of thirty or more vehicles, collect and maintain, in addition to the data in paragraph (8), the following:
(A) Information on the vehicles in the fleet, including vehicle year, make, model, gross vehicle weight rating, and vehicle fuel configuration;
(B) Fleet fuel usage, by fuel;
(C) Fleet mileage; [
(D) Overall annual
average fleet fuel economy and average miles per gallon of gasoline and diesel[
(10) Plan and coordinate vehicle acquisition to meet the clean ground transportation goal that one hundred per cent of light-duty motor vehicles of each fleet shall be zero-emission vehicles by December 31, 2030."
SECTION 6. Section 196-42, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§196-42 State support for achieving alternate fuels standards[
clean ground transportation goals. (a) The State shall facilitate
the development of alternate fuels and support the attainment of a statewide alternate
fuels standard of ten per cent of highway fuel demand to be provided by alternate
fuels by 2010, fifteen per cent by 2015, twenty per cent by 2020, and thirty
per cent by 2030. For purposes of the alternate
fuels standard, ethanol produced from cellulosic materials shall be considered
the equivalent of two and one-half gallons of noncellulosic ethanol. "Alternate fuels" shall have the
same meaning as contained in 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 490; provided
that it shall also include liquid or gaseous fuels produced from renewable
feedstocks such as organic wastes, or from water using electricity from
renewable energy sources.
(b) The State shall support the attainment of the clean ground transportation goals established by sections 105- and 225P- ."
SECTION 7. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 8. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2050.
Clean Ground Transportation Goals; Fleet Procurement
Establishes clean ground transportation goals for state agencies to achieve a one hundred per cent light-duty motor vehicles zero-emission fleet by 12/31/2030. Effective 7/1/2050. (SD2)
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.