THIRTY-FIRST LEGISLATURE, 2021
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
relating to electric vehicles.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. Section 291-71, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§291-71 Designation of parking spaces for electric
vehicles; charging system.
(a) Places of public
accommodation with at least one hundred parking spaces available for use by the
general public shall have at least one parking space per one hundred spaces
by July 1, 2022, and four parking spaces per one hundred spaces by July 1, 2026,
exclusively for electric vehicles and equipped with an electric vehicle
charging system located anywhere in the parking structure or lot [
by July 1,
2012]; provided that no parking space designated for electric vehicles
shall displace or reduce accessible stalls required by the Americans with
Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines.
Spaces shall be designated, clearly marked, and the exclusive designation
enforced. [ Owners of multiple parking
facilities within the State may designate and electrify fewer parking spaces
than required in one or more of their owned properties; provided that the
scheduled requirement is met for the total number of aggregate spaces on all of
their owned properties.]
(b) The department of transportation shall provide written notification to an owner of a place of public accommodation if the department believes that the place of public accommodation is not compliant with this section. If the place of public accommodation is not compliant with this section:
(1) Within three hundred sixty-five days after receipt of a notification of noncompliance, the department of transportation shall provide the owner of the place of public accommodation a first warning to become compliant with this section;
(2) Within one hundred eighty days after receipt of a first warning of noncompliance, the department of transportation shall provide the owner of the place of public accommodation a formal notice of violation of this section; or
(3) Within ninety days after receipt of a formal notice of violation of this section, the department of transportation shall fine the owner of the place of public accommodation as provided in subsection (c).
(c) The department of transportation shall fine the owner of a place of public accommodation that violates this section $200 per day that the place of public accommodation remains in violation. If a fine against a place of public accommodation accrues to more than $300,000, then the department of transportation shall place a lien against the real property of the place of public accommodation.
(d) The department of transportation may exempt a place of public accommodation from compliance with this section in cases of financial or engineering hardship; provided that a financial hardship exemption shall not be granted for a place of public accommodation if electrical charging stations may be installed at no cost.
(b)] (e) For the purposes of this section:
"Electric vehicle" means:
(1) A neighborhood
electric vehicle as defined in section 286-2;
(2) A vehicle, with four or more wheels, that draws propulsion energy from a battery with at least four kilowatt hours of energy storage capacity that can be recharged from an external source of electricity; or
(3) A fuel cell electric vehicle.
"Electric vehicle charging system" means a system that:
(1) Is capable of providing electricity from a non-vehicle source to charge the batteries of one or more electric vehicles;
(2) Meets recognized standards, including standard SAE J1772 of SAE International; and
(3) Is designed and installed in compliance with article 625 of the National Electrical Code;
provided that the term shall not include facilities or systems for refueling the hydrogen storage tank of a fuel cell electric vehicle.
"Fuel cell electric vehicle" means a zero-emission electric vehicle that uses a fuel cell to convert hydrogen gas and oxygen into electricity that is used in a vehicle powertrain for propulsion.
"Place of public accommodation" has the same
meaning as that provided in section 489-2[
.]; provided that the term
shall not include, parks, campsites, trailer facilities, or other recreation
SECTION 2. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.
SECTION 3. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 4. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Electric Vehicles; Places of Public Accommodations; Parking Spaces; Department of Transportation
Increases from 1 parking space to 4 parking spaces the number of parking spaces that a place of public accommodation with at least one hundred parking spaces is required to offer by 7/1/2026. Removes the exemption that owners of multiple places of public accommodation may offer electric vehicle parking spaces based on the aggregate number of parking spaces available in their properties. Establishes notification requirements and fines for noncompliance.
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.