HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
THIRTY-FIRST LEGISLATURE, 2021
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO THE HOSPITAL SUSTAINABILITY PROGRAM.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that the hospital sustainability program was established in 2012 and has served a critical role in strengthening the health care system in Hawaii. In the nine years since its inception, the hospital sustainability program has helped acute care facilities treat the most vulnerable patients in the State, especially low-income individuals who require hospital services. The program has been carried out in a public-private partnership to ensure that patients in Hawaii can access quality, affordable care.
The legislature further finds that, even with this program, hospitals in the State face major financial challenges. These challenges are due in part to the health and financial pressures related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Medicaid is jointly financed by the federal and state governments by statutory formula; the federal government pays between fifty per cent and seventy-four per cent, with assistance levels determined by each state's per capita income. States with the lowest per capita income receive higher federal matching rates. Under federal rules, the state share must be paid from public funds that are not federal funds. The legislature finds that public funding to help financially sustain Hawaii's hospitals may be accessed through a provider fee.
The legislature further finds that provider fees exist in forty-nine states and the District of Columbia as a means of drawing down federal funds to sustain medicaid programs due to rising state budget deficits, increasing health care costs, and expanding medicaid enrollment. Provider fees, which are collected from specific categories of health care providers that agree to the fee, may be imposed on nineteen different classes of health care services, including inpatient and outpatient hospital and nursing facility services.
The legislature therefore finds that, in Hawaii, a provider fee on hospitals can result in substantial increases in medicaid payments without putting additional constraints on the State's budget. The additional federal funds obtained via the fee program authorized by the hospital sustainability program can maintain access to care for medicaid recipients. This will allow hospitals in the State to continue to serve uninsured or underinsured patients in a timely, effective manner. This helps to ensure the overall sustainability of the health care system in Hawaii during the challenging time of the COVID-19 pandemic.
The purpose of this Act is to preserve access to health care for medicaid recipients by extending the hospital sustainability program.
SECTION 2. Section 346G-3, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new definition to be appropriately inserted and to read as follows:
""Net benefit" means total payments using prevailing federal medical assistance percentage rates made to private hospitals, less the taxes paid under the hospital sustainability program."
SECTION 3. Section 346G-4, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
Hospital sustainability program
special fund. (a) There is created in the state treasury the
hospital sustainability program special fund to be administered by the
department into which shall be deposited all moneys collected under this
(b) Moneys in the hospital sustainability program special fund shall consist of:
(1) All revenue received by the department from the hospital sustainability fee;
(2) All federal medicaid funds received by the department as a result of matching expenditures made with the hospital sustainability fee;
(3) Any interest or penalties levied in conjunction with the administration of this chapter; and
(4) Any designated appropriations, federal funds, donations, gifts, or moneys from any other sources.
(c) Moneys in the hospital sustainability program special fund shall be used exclusively as follows:
(1) No less than [
ninety per cent of the revenue from the hospital sustainability fee
shall be used for one or more of the following:
(A) Match federal medicaid funds, with the combined total to be used to enhance capitated rates to medicaid managed care health plans for the sole purpose of increasing medicaid payments to private hospitals;
(B) Match federal medicaid funds for Hawaii's medicaid disproportionate share hospital allotment as authorized by current federal law for private hospitals;
(C) Match federal
medicaid funds for a private hospital upper payment limit pool; [
(D) Match federal
medicaid funds with the combined total to be used to enhance capitated rates to
medicaid managed care health plans for the purpose of increasing medicaid
payments to private hospitals through [
a] quality or access incentive
[ pool;] programs; or
(E) Match federal medicaid funds with the combined total to fund medicaid services including but not limited to supportive housing, behavioral health, vaccinations, preventive health, primary care, and home and community-based services;
per cent of the moneys in the hospital sustainability program special
fund may be used by the department for other departmental purposes; and
(3) Any money remaining in the hospital sustainability program special fund six months after the repeal of this chapter, shall be distributed to hospitals within thirty days in the same proportions as received from the hospitals.
(d) The department shall utilize federal funds derived from state hospital certified expenditures to make supplemental payments to state hospitals and is authorized to receive intergovernmental transfers from the state hospitals to support direct supplemental payments and increased capitation rates to health plans for the benefit of the state hospitals. During any period in which the hospital sustainability fee is in effect, certified expenditures of state hospitals shall not be used to make or support direct payments to private hospitals.
(e) The aggregate net benefit for private hospitals shall not be less than the aggregate net benefit provided by the hospital sustainability program for fiscal year 2021. If factors affecting the calculation of the aggregate net benefit, such as medicaid membership, differ materially from the assumptions used to determine aggregate net benefit in a given fiscal year, the department shall consult with the hospital trade association on changes to the aggregate net benefit and changes shall be agreed to in writing by both parties."
SECTION 4. Section 346G-5, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsections (c) and (d) to read as follows:
"(c) The hospital sustainability fee for inpatient
care services may differ from the fee for outpatient care services but the fees
charged to the hospital shall not in the aggregate exceed [
and one-half per cent of the hospital's net patient service revenue. The inpatient hospital sustainability fee
shall not exceed [ four] five and one-half per cent of net inpatient
hospital service revenue. The outpatient
hospital sustainability fee shall not exceed [ four] five and one-half
per cent of net outpatient hospital service revenue. Each fee shall be the same percentage for all
affected hospitals, subject to subsection (d).
The department shall exempt [
children's hospitals,] federal
hospitals[ ,] and public hospitals[ , and psychiatric hospitals]
from the hospital sustainability fees on inpatient services. In addition, the department shall exempt from
the hospital sustainability fee on outpatient care services federal hospitals
and public hospitals; provided that [ the]:
(1) Children's hospitals, psychiatric hospitals, and rehabilitation hospitals may be assessed on inpatient and outpatient services at a different rate than other private hospitals; and
(2) The department may exclude any facility from the hospital sustainability fee if it is determined that its exclusion is required to meet federal standards of approval."
SECTION 5. Section 346G-6, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
"(b) The department shall collect, and each
hospital shall pay, the hospital sustainability fee not later than the [
sixtieth day after the end of each calendar month; provided that if
required federal approvals have not been secured by the end of a calendar month
the fees for that month shall be paid within ten days after notification to the
hospitals that the required approvals have been received."
SECTION 6. Section 346G-10, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended as follows:
1. Amending subsection (b) to read:
"(b) In accordance with title 42 Code of Federal
Regulations part 438, the department shall use revenues from the hospital sustainability
fee and federal matching funds to enhance the capitated rates paid to medicaid
managed care health plans for [
state fiscal years 2019-2020 and 2020-2021,]
the period of July 1 through December 31, 2021, and calendar years 2022
and 2023, consistent with the following objectives:
(1) The rate enhancement shall be used exclusively for increasing reimbursements to private hospitals, to support the availability of services and to ensure access to care to the medicaid managed care health plan enrollees;
(2) The rate enhancement shall be made part of the monthly capitated rates by the department to medicaid managed care health plans, which shall provide documentation to the department and the hospital trade association located in Hawaii certifying that the revenues received under paragraph (1) are used in accordance with this section;
(3) The rate enhancement shall be actuarially sound and approved by the federal government for federal fund participation;
(4) The rate enhancements shall be retroactive to July 1, 2012, or the effective date approved by the federal government, whichever is later. Retroactive rate enhancements shall be paid within thirty days of notification by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to the department of all necessary approvals; and
(5) Payments made by the medicaid managed care health plans shall be made within thirty business days upon receipt of monthly capitation rates from the department."
2. Amending subsection (d) to read:
"(d) To the extent the hospital sustainability
program is not effective for the entire year, the hospital sustainability fee,
the state medicaid expenses and administrative fee, and the corresponding [
managed care health plan] payments to fulfill the requirements of section
346G-4(c) shall be based on the proportion of the fiscal year the program
is in effect."
SECTION 7. Section 346G-12, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§346G-12 Termination. (a) Collection of the hospital sustainability fee established by section 346G-5 shall be discontinued if:
(2) The department
reduces funding for hospital services below the state appropriation in effect
as of July 1, [
(3) The department or any other state agency uses the money in the hospital sustainability program special fund for any use other than the uses permitted by this chapter; or
(4) Federal financial participation to match the revenue from the hospital sustainability fee becomes unavailable under federal law; provided that the department shall terminate the imposition of the hospital sustainability fee beginning on the date the federal statutory, regulatory, or interpretive change takes effect.
Notwithstanding section 346G-4(c), if]
If collection of the hospital sustainability fee is discontinued as
provided in this section, any remaining moneys in the hospital sustainability
program special fund shall be distributed [ within thirty days to the private
hospitals on the same basis as the hospital sustainability fee was collected.]
following the requirements of 346G-4(c)."
SECTION 8. Act 217, Session Laws of Hawaii 2012, section 5, as amended by section 2 of Act 141, Session Laws of Hawaii 2013, as amended by section 2 of Act 123, Session Laws of Hawaii 2014, as amended by Section 2 of Act 70, Session Laws of Hawaii 2015, as amended by section 3 of Act 60, Session Laws of Hawaii 2016, as amended by section 5 of Act 59, Session Laws of Hawaii 2017, as amended by section 6 of Act 173, Session Laws of Hawaii 2019, is amended to read as follows:
"SECTION 5. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2012, and
shall be repealed on [
June 30, 2021;] December 31, 2023; provided
that section -4, Hawaii Revised Statutes, in section 2 of
this Act, and the amendment to section 36-30(a), Hawaii Revised Statutes, in section
3 of this Act, shall be repealed on [ December 31, 2021.] June 30, 2024."
SECTION 9. Act 123, Session Laws of Hawaii 2014, section 7, as amended by section 3 of Act 70, Session Laws of Hawaii 2015, as amended by section 4 of Act 60, Session Laws of Hawaii 2016, as amended by section 6 of Act 59, Session Laws of Hawaii 2017, as amended by section 7 of Act 173, Session Laws of Hawaii 2019, is amended to read as follows:
"SECTION 7. This Act shall take effect on June 29, 2014; provided that:
(1) Section 5 shall take effect on July 1, 2014; and
(2) The amendments made
to sections 36-27(a) and 36-30(a), Hawaii Revised Statutes, in sections 3 and 4
of this act shall be repealed on [
December 31, 2021.] June 30, 2024."
SECTION 10. There is appropriated out of the hospital sustainability program special fund the sum of $ or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2021-2022 and the same sum or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2022-2023 for the purposes of the hospital sustainability program special fund.
The sums appropriated shall be expended by the department of human services for the purposes of this Act.
SECTION 11. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 12. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2060; provided that sections 9 and 10 of this Act shall take effect on July 1, 2021.
Hospital Sustainability Program; Extension; Appropriation
Extends the hospital sustainability program through 06/30/2024. Increases the maximum fee for inpatient care services to five and one-half per cent. Increases the amount of time hospitals have to pay the hospital sustainability fee from thirty days to sixty days. Increases the pool of medicaid services that can be used for matching purposes. Appropriates funds. Effective 7/1/2060. (HD2)
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.