HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

H.B. NO.

433

THIRTY-FIRST LEGISLATURE, 2021

 

STATE OF HAWAII

 

 

 

 

 

 

A BILL FOR AN ACT

 

 

RELATING TO CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION.

 

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 


SECTION 1. The legislature finds that tourism, as the State's primary industry, has a significant impact on Hawaii's environment and public services. A 2019 report, "Destinations at Risk: The Invisible Burden of Tourism", commissioned by the Travel Foundation and co-published with Cornell University's Centre for Sustainable Global Enterprise and EplerWood International, describes how destinations must uncover and account for tourism's hidden costs, referred to as the "invisible burden", to protect and manage vital destination assets worldwide. According to the report, failing to do so puts ecosystems, cultural wonders, and community life at increasing risk, and places the tourism industry on a weak foundation.

The legislature finds that the impacts of cars, buses, shuttles, and other road vehicles, which emit carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, contribute to climate change. To ensure the quality of life of residents, the health of the environment, and continued value for the visitor experience, management efforts to maintain the State's infrastructure and environment are imperative. The legislature finds that fees with an environmental focus and that are designed to manage the impacts of tourism on climate change and the environment are essential to the State's management efforts.

The purpose of this Act is to assess a climate change mitigation impact fee for persons renting, leasing, or utilizing tourism-related vehicles in the State to be used toward protecting Hawaii's natural resources and environment which are essential to the quality of life of residents and the State's tourism-based economy.

SECTION 2. Chapter 171, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding two new sections to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:

"171-A Climate change mitigation impact fee. (a) Beginning July 1, 2022, every rental motor vehicle customer shall pay to the department a climate change mitigation impact fee for renting, leasing, or utilizing a rental motor vehicle.

(b) The climate change mitigation impact fee shall be assessed to each rental motor vehicle customer at a charge of $           per day, or any portion of a day, that the rental motor vehicle is rented or leased by the rental motor vehicle customer.

(c) All fees collected pursuant to subsection (a) shall be deposited to the credit of the general fund; provided that beginning July 1, 2024, all fees collected pursuant to subsection (a) shall be deposited to the credit of the climate change mitigation special fund established pursuant to section 171-B.

(d) The department shall establish rules pursuant to chapter 91 necessary for the collection of climate change mitigation impact fees.

(e) For the purposes of this section, "rental motor vehicle" means:

(1) Any gas powered vehicle that is rented or leased or offered for rent or lease in the State, whether for personal or commercial use, for a period of six months or less;

(2) Any vehicle, including vans, minibuses, and buses used for the purpose of transporting persons or luggage for pleasure or sightseeing trips, or transporting persons to pleasure or sightseeing cruises or destinations; and

(3) A moped as defined in section 286-2; provided that the moped is rented or leased by a rental motor vehicle customer.

"Rental motor vehicle" does not include any vehicle that is used solely for the purposes of transporting individuals to and from a place of work or a public or private school or of transporting persons with disabilities.

171-B Climate change mitigation special fund. (a) There is established in the state treasury a special fund to be known as the climate change mitigation special fund into which shall be deposited, beginning July 1, 2024:

(1) All fees collected pursuant to section 171-A;

(2) Appropriations made by the legislature for deposit into the special fund; and

(3) Donations and contributions made by private individuals or organizations for deposit into the special fund.

(b) Moneys in the climate change mitigation special fund shall be used by the department for:

(1) Climate change mitigation;

(2) Environmental management and planning;

(3) Environmental conservation;

(4) Management and protection of natural resources and ecosystems;

(5) Environmental awareness and education; and

(6) Sustainable tourism practices."

SECTION 3. In codifying the new sections added by section 2 of this Act, the revisor of statutes shall substitute appropriate section numbers for the letters used in designating the new sections in this Act.

SECTION 4. New statutory material is underscored.

SECTION 5. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2021.

 

INTRODUCED BY:

_____________________________

 

 


 


 

Report Title:

Climate Change Mitigation Impact Fee; General Fund; Climate Change Mitigation Special Fund; DLNR

 

Description:

Assesses a climate change mitigation impact fee on every customer who rents, leases, or utilizes a rental motor vehicle. Establishes the climate change mitigation special fund. Specifies that the impact fees collected shall be deposited to the credit of the general fund; provided that beginning July 1, 2024, the impact fees shall be deposited to the credit of the climate change mitigation special fund.

 

 

 

The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.