HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

H.B. NO.

171

THIRTY-FIRST LEGISLATURE, 2021

H.D. 1

STATE OF HAWAII

 

 

 

 

 

 

A BILL FOR AN ACT

 

 

RELATING TO PROPERTY CRIMES.

 

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 


SECTION 1. The legislature finds that Hawaii has a high property crime rate, and law enforcement officers are tasked with locating, identifying, and recovering stolen property, and returning the stolen property to the rightful owner. The legislature also finds that the Hawaii Revised Statutes does not adequately address situations in which an offender takes the property of another and subsequently sells the stolen item to a pawnbroker or secondhand dealer, as described in chapter 486M, Hawaii Revised Statutes. Criminals have successfully profited from selling or pawning property that was stolen from homes or vehicles and have disguised these transactions as legitimate business dealings. Successful prosecution of these cases is critical to addressing property crime because criminals will often attempt to exchange stolen items for money. The legislature intends to ensure that pawn shops and secondhand businesses are transparent and fully accountable for all of their respective business dealings.

Current statutory provisions have proven ineffective by state court rulings that require the State to prove that a defendant knowingly purchased stolen items. In the great majority of cases, this requires a confession from the defendant, which may be difficult to obtain because defendants have the right to remain silent. Thus, law enforcement is often hindered in meeting the state of mind requirement to prosecute these cases.

Accordingly, the purpose of this Act is to change the state of mind required for section 486M-7, Hawaii Revised Statutes, penalties to intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly.

SECTION 2. Section 486M-7, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:

"486M-7 Penalties. Any dealer, or any agent, employee, or representative of a dealer who intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly violates any of the provisions of sections 486M-2, 486M-3, or 486M-4, or who refuses to allow the inspection provided for in section 486M-5, and any person who offers or records information [which] that is required under section 486M‑2 that the person knows or has reason to know is false, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. Any dealer, or any agent, employee, or representative of a dealer who is convicted for a second violation of any provision of this chapter shall, in addition to the foregoing penalty, be permanently prohibited from engaging in the business of buying or selling [of] precious or semiprecious metals or precious or semiprecious gems or any article."

SECTION 3. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.

SECTION 4. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.

SECTION 5. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.



 

Report Title:

Honolulu Police Department Package; Penal Code; Pawnbrokers; Secondhand Dealers; Penalties

 

Description:

Changes the state of mind required for section 486M-7, Hawaii Revised Statutes, penalties to intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly. (HD1)

 

 

 

The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.