THIRTIETH LEGISLATURE, 2019
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO CHILD SUPPORT.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. Section 576D-14, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§576D-14 Implementation of income withholding. (a) For cases being enforced under the Title IV-D state plan or for those parents applying to the agency for services, the income of an obligor who receives income on a periodic basis and who has a support obligation imposed by a support order issued or modified in the State before January 1, 1994, and issued or modified thereafter, if not otherwise subject to withholding, shall become subject to withholding as provided in subsection (b) if arrearages or delinquency occur, without the need for a judicial or administrative hearing. The income of an obligor shall become subject to withholding without regard to whether there are arrearages or delinquency upon the agency receiving a request for income withholding from the obligee and a determination made by the agency that income withholding is appropriate, or upon the agency receiving a request for income withholding from the obligor. The agency shall implement such withholding without the necessity of any application in the case of a child with respect to whom services are already being provided under Title IV-D and shall implement withholding on the basis of an application for services under Title IV-D in the case of any other child on whose behalf a support order has been issued or modified. In either case, the withholding shall occur without the need for any amendment to the support order involved or for any further action by the court or other entity that issued the order.
(b) If the obligor who receives income on a periodic basis becomes delinquent in making payments under a support order in an amount at least equal to the support payable for one month, the agency shall issue an income withholding order that shall include an amount to be paid towards the delinquency. The income withholding order shall be in the standard format prescribed by Title IV-D of the Social Security Act, as amended by the child support enforcement agency. The order shall be served upon the employer by regular mail, by personal delivery, or by transmission to the employer through electronic means.
(c) If the obligor who receives income on a periodic basis becomes delinquent in making payments under a support order under this chapter or chapter 580 in an amount at least equal to the support payable for three months, upon the agency or court, including but not limited to the family court, receiving a request for income withholding from the obligee, the agency or the appropriate court shall enter an order that shall require the obligor's place of employment to classify the obligor as an employee for payroll or accounting purposes in order to become subject to withholding pursuant to this chapter.
(d) Upon the agency's receipt of
an income withholding request from any other state or agency administering
a program under Title IV-D, the agency may issue an income withholding order to
collect the support imposed upon the obligor by a support order issued or
modified by the other state. The order
shall include an amount adequate to ensure that past due payments and payments
that will become due in the future under the terms of the support order will be
(e) A copy of the order shall be
filed in the office of the clerk of the circuit court in the circuit where the
order was issued.
(f) Upon sending the order of
income withholding to the employer, the agency shall send a notice of the
withholding by regular mail to each obligor to whom subsections (b) and (c)
apply. The notice shall inform the
(1) That the withholding has commenced;
(2) That the obligor may request a hearing in writing within fourteen days of the date of the notice;
(3) That, unless the obligor files a written request for a hearing within fourteen days of the date of the notice, the money received from the income withholding will be distributed to the custodial parent or, in an interstate case, the obligee in the other jurisdiction, or in the case where the children are receiving public assistance, to the State;
(4) That the only defense to income withholding is a mistake of fact; and
(5) Of the information that was provided to the employer with respect to the employer's duties pursuant to section 576E-16.
(g) The agency may delay the
distribution of collections toward arrearages or delinquency until the
resolution of any requested hearing regarding the arrearages or delinquency.
(h) Upon timely receipt of a
request for a hearing from the obligor pursuant to the notice provided under
subsection (e), the agency shall refer the matter to the office and a hearing
shall be conducted pursuant to chapters 91 and 576E.
(i) Upon receiving an order of
income withholding from the agency, the employer is subject to the requirements
of section 576E-16(b) through (h).
(j) In a case being enforced
under the Title IV-D state plan or for those parents applying to the agency for
services, the agency may enforce the existing order of support by sending to
the employer by regular mail, by personal delivery, or by transmission through
electronic means, a notice to withhold child support issued by the agency that
reflects the terms and conditions specified in the order for support or income
withholding order. Upon receiving a
notice to withhold child support, the employer is subject to the requirements
of section 576E-16(b) to (h).
(k) The agency may terminate
income withholding by sending a notice to the employer by regular mail, by
personal delivery, or by transmission through electronic means. The notice shall be issued upon determination
by the agency that the obligor no longer owes the child support or that the
obligation is being satisfied through withholding by another employer.
(l) The agency may adopt rules in
accordance with chapter 91 as may be necessary to implement and administer
income withholding under this section and sections 571-52, 571‑52.2,
571-52.3, and 576E-16."
SECTION 2. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.
SECTION 3. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 4. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Child Support Enforcement Agency; Support Order; Enforcement
Requires the agency or appropriate court that receives an income withholding request from an obligee to enter an order requiring the obligor's place of employment to classify the obligor as an employee for payroll or accounting purposes in order to become subject to withholding; provided that the obligor receives income on a periodic basis and becomes delinquent in making payments under a support order in an amount at least equal to the support payable for three months. (SD1)
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.