THE SENATE

S.B. NO.

478

THIRTIETH LEGISLATURE, 2019

 

STATE OF HAWAII

 

 

 

 

 

 

A BILL FOR AN ACT

 

 

RELATING TO PROSTITUTION.

 

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 


PART I

SECTION 1. Section 701-108, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (1) to read as follows:

"(1) A prosecution for murder, murder in the first and second degrees, attempted murder, and attempted murder in the first and second degrees, criminal conspiracy to commit murder in any degree, criminal solicitation to commit murder in any degree, sexual assault in the first and second degrees, [and] continuous sexual assault of a minor under the age of fourteen years, sex trafficking, and promoting prostitution may be commenced at any time."

SECTION 2. Section 712-1200, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:

"712-1200 Prostitution. (1) A person commits the offense of prostitution if the person:

(a) Engages in, or agrees or offers to engage in, sexual conduct with another person in return for a fee; provided that this paragraph shall not apply if the person committing the offense is a minor; or

(b) Pays, agrees to pay, or offers to pay a fee to another to engage in sexual conduct.

(2) As used in this section:

"Minor" means a person who is less than eighteen years of age.

"Sexual conduct" means "sexual penetration", "deviate sexual intercourse", or "sexual contact", as those terms are defined in section 707-700, or "sadomasochistic abuse" as defined in section 707-752.

(3) [Prostitution] The offense of prostitution under subsection 1(a) is a petty misdemeanor[; provided that:

(a) If the person who commits the offense under subsection (1)(a) is a minor, prostitution is a violation; and

(b) If the person who commits the offense under subsection (1)(b) does so in reckless disregard of the fact that the other person is a victim of sex trafficking, prostitution is a class C felony].

(4) [A person convicted of committing the offense of prostitution as a petty misdemeanor shall be sentenced as follows] The offense of prostitution under subsection 1(b) is a misdemeanor; provided that:

(a) For the first [offense] violation of subsection 1(b), when the court has not deferred further proceedings pursuant to chapter 853, [a fine of not less than $500 but not more than $1,000 and the person may be sentenced to a term of imprisonment of not more than thirty days or probation;] the person convicted of the offense shall be sentenced to pay a fine, pursuant to section 706-640, of not less than $1,000, and to imprisonment for a definite term, pursuant to section 706-663, of not less than thirty days; provided that the court may order a sentence of probation in addition to the term of imprisonment; provided further that in the event the convicted person defaults in payment of the fine, and the default was not contumacious, the court may sentence the person to perform services for the community as authorized by section 706-605(1);

(b) For any subsequent [offense,] violation of subsection 1(b), [a fine of not less than $500 but not more than $1,000 and a term of imprisonment of thirty days or probation,] the person convicted of the offense shall be sentenced to pay a fine, pursuant to section 706-640, of not less than $1,000, and to imprisonment for a definite term, pursuant to section 706-663, of not less than ninety days without possibility of deferral of further proceedings pursuant to chapter 853 and without possibility of suspension of sentence[.]; provided that the court may order a sentence of probation in addition to the term of imprisonment; and

(c) For a person convicted under subsection (1)(b) and who committed the offense in reckless disregard of the fact that the other person is a victim of sex trafficking, the offense shall be a class C felony.

(d) For the purposes of this subsection, if the court has deferred further proceedings pursuant to chapter 853, and notwithstanding any provision of chapter 853 to the contrary, the defendant shall not be eligible to apply for expungement pursuant to section 831-3.2 until four years following discharge. A plea previously entered by a defendant under section 853-1 for a violation of this section shall be considered a prior offense. When the court has ordered a sentence of probation, the court may impose as a condition of probation that the defendant complete a course of prostitution intervention classes; provided that the court may only impose the condition for one term of probation.

(5) This section shall not apply to any member of a police department, a sheriff, or a law enforcement officer acting in the course and scope of duties, unless engaged in sexual penetration or sadomasochistic abuse.

(6) A minor may be taken into custody by any police officer without order of the judge when there are reasonable grounds to believe that the minor has violated [subsection] (1)(a). The minor shall be released, referred, or transported pursuant to section 571-31(b). The minor shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the family court pursuant to section 571-11(1), including for the purposes of custody, detention, diversion, and access to services and resources."

SECTION 3. Section 712-1201, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:

"712-1201 Advancing prostitution; profiting from prostitution; definition of terms. In sections 712-1202 and 712-1203:

(1) A person "advances prostitution" if, acting other than as a prostitute or a patron of a prostitute, the person knowingly causes or aids a person to commit or engage in prostitution, procures or solicits patrons for prostitution, provides persons for prostitution purposes, permits premises to be [regularly] used for prostitution purposes, operates or assists in the operation of a house of prostitution or a prostitution enterprise, or engages in any other conduct designed to institute, aid, or facilitate an act or enterprise of prostitution.

(2) A person "profits from prostitution" if, acting other than as a prostitute receiving compensation for personally-rendered prostitution services, the person accepts or receives money or other property pursuant to an agreement or understanding with any person whereby the person participates or is to participate in the proceeds of prostitution activity."

SECTION 4. Section 712-1202, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:

"712-1202 Sex trafficking. (1) A person commits the offense of sex trafficking if the person knowingly:

(a) Advances prostitution by compelling or inducing a person by force, threat, fraud, or intimidation to engage in prostitution, or profits from such conduct by another; [or]

(b) Advances or profits from prostitution of a minor; [provided that with respect to the victim's age, the prosecution shall be required to prove only that the person committing the offense acted negligently.] or

(c) Offers or agrees to pay a fee to a minor or to a member of a police department, a sheriff, or a law enforcement officer who represents that person's self as a minor to engage in sexual conduct.

(2) Sex trafficking is a class A felony[.]; provided that a person convicted under this section shall be sentenced to a definite term of imprisonment pursuant to section 706-663, and sentenced to pay a fine pursuant to section 706-640, of not less than $50,000; provided further that the fine shall be credited to the general fund.

(3) The state of mind requirement for the offenses under subsections (1)(b) and (1)(c) is not applicable to the fact that the person solicited was a minor. A person is strictly liable with respect to the attendant circumstance that the person solicited was a minor.

(4) Consent to sexual conduct shall not constitute a defense to a violation of this section.

(5) Subsection (1)(c) shall not apply to any member of a police department, a sheriff, or a law enforcement officer who offers or agrees to pay a fee to a minor while acting in the course and scope of duties.

[(3)](6) As used in this section:

"Fraud" means making material false statements, misstatements, or omissions.

"Minor" means a person who is less than eighteen years of age.

"Sexual conduct" has the same meaning as in section 712-1200(2).

"Threat" means any of the actions listed in section 707-764(1)."

SECTION 5. Section 712-1203, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (1) to read as follows:

"(1) A person commits the offense of promoting prostitution if the person [knowingly] recklessly advances or profits from prostitution."

SECTION 6. Section 712-1206, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (3) to read as follows:

"(3) Any person who remains or wanders about in a public place and repeatedly beckons to, or repeatedly stops, or repeatedly attempts to engage passers-by in conversation, or repeatedly stops or attempts to stop motor vehicles, or repeatedly interferes with the free passage of other persons for the purpose of committing the crime of advancing prostitution as that term is defined in section 712-1201(1) is guilty of a [petty] misdemeanor."

SECTION 7. Section 712-1207, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended as follows:

1. By amending subsections (1) and (2) to read:

"(1) It shall be unlawful for any person within the boundaries of Waikiki and while on any public property to:

(a) Offer or agree to engage in sexual conduct with another person in return for a fee; provided that this paragraph shall not apply if the person committing the offense is a minor; or

(b) Pay, agree to pay, or offer to pay a fee to another person to engage in sexual conduct.

(2) It shall be unlawful for any person within the boundaries of other areas in this State designated by county ordinance pursuant to subsection (3), and while on any public property to:

(a) Offer or agree to engage in sexual conduct with another person in return for a fee; provided that this paragraph shall not apply if the person committing the offense is a minor; or

(b) Pay, agree to pay, or offer to pay a fee to another person to engage in sexual conduct."

2. By amending subsection (8) to read:

"(8) For purposes of this section:

"Area" means any zone within a county that is defined with specific boundaries and designated as a zone of significant prostitution by this section or a county ordinance.

"Minor" means a person who is less than eighteen years of age.

"Public property" includes any street, highway, road, sidewalk, alley, lane, bridge, parking lot, park, or other property owned or under the jurisdiction of any governmental entity or otherwise open to the public.

"Sexual conduct" has the same meaning as in section 712-1200(2).

"Waikiki" means that area of Oahu bounded by the Ala Wai canal, the ocean, and Kapahulu avenue."

SECTION 8. Section 712-1208, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (3) to read as follows:

"(3) Promoting travel for prostitution is a class C felony[.]; provided that if the travel services in subsection (1) are for the purpose of engaging in prostitution with a person who is under the age of eighteen, promoting travel for prostitution is a class B felony."

SECTION 9. Section 712-1209.5, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsections (2) and (3) to read as follows:

"(2) For the purposes of this section, a person has the status of a "habitual prostitution offender" if the person, at the time of the conduct for which the person is charged, had two or more convictions within ten years of the instant offense for:

(a) Prostitution, in violation of section 712-1200(1)(b);

(b) Sex trafficking, in violation of section 712-1202(1)(c);

(c) Street solicitation of prostitution, in violation of section 712-1207(1)(b);

[(c)] (d) Habitual solicitation of prostitution, in violation of this section;

[(d)] (e) An offense of any other jurisdiction that is comparable to one of the offenses in paragraph (a), (b), [or] (c), or (d); or

[(e)] (f) Any combination of the offenses in paragraph (a), (b), (c), [or] (d)[.], or (e).

A conviction for purposes of this section is a judgment on the verdict or a finding of guilt, or a plea of guilty or nolo contendere. The convictions must have occurred on separate dates and be for separate incidents on separate dates. At the time of the instant offense, the conviction must not have been expunged by pardon, reversed, or set aside.

(3) Habitual solicitation of prostitution is a class C felony[.]; provided that habitual solicitation of prostitution is a class A felony when the instant offense is sex trafficking under section 712-1202(1)(c)."

PART II

SECTION 10. Section 351-31, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:

"(c) In determining whether to make an order under this section, the commission may consider any circumstances it determines to be relevant, and the commission shall consider the behavior of the victim, and whether, because of provocation or otherwise, the victim bears any share of responsibility for the crime that caused the victim's injury or death and the commission shall reduce the amount of compensation in proportion to the amount of responsibility for the crime which caused the victim's injury or death; provided that if the proportion is greater than the responsibility of the person who committed the act or omission or, in the case of more than one person, the aggregate responsibility of such persons because of whom compensation is sought, the commission shall not award any compensation to the victim[.]; provided further that this subsection shall not apply to a victim of labor trafficking pursuant to sections 707-781 and 707-782, a victim of sex trafficking pursuant to section 712-1202, or a victim of promoting prostitution pursuant to section 712-1203."

PART III

SECTION 11. Section 468L-5.6, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:

"(c) A travel agency or charter tour operator that violates any provision of this chapter may be fined not more than $1,000 for each violation; provided that:

(1) A travel agency or charter tour operator shall be fined no less than $5,000 for each violation of subsections 468L-7.5(9) and 468L-7.5(10) that involves a minor under the age of eighteen years;

(2) A travel agency or charter tour operator shall be subject to separate criminal penalties under section 712-1208; and

(3) [a] A charter tour operator also shall be assessed an administrative fine pursuant to section 468L-27 for any violation of that section."

PART IV

SECTION 12. Section 706-606.6, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:

"706-606.6 Repeat violent and sexual offender; enhanced sentence. (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, any person who is convicted of an offense under section 707-701.5, 707-702, 707-730, 707-731, 707-732, 707-733.6, 707-750, 708-840, 712-1202, or 712-1203, [or 712-1209.1,] after having been convicted on at least three prior and separate occasions of an offense under section 707-701.5, 707-702, 707-710, 707-711, 707‑730, 707-731, 707-732, 707-733.6, 707-750, 708-840, 712-1202, or 712-1203, [or 712-1209.1,] or of an offense under federal law or the laws of another state that is comparable to an offense under section 707-701.5, 707-702, 707-710, 707-711, 707-730, 707-731, 707-732, 707-733.6, 707-750, 708-840, 712-1202, or 712-1203, [or 712-1209.1,] shall be sentenced to an extended term of imprisonment as provided in section 706-661.

(2) A conviction shall not be considered a prior offense unless the conviction occurred within the following time periods:

(a) For an offense under section 707-701.5, 707-702, 707‑730, 707-733.6, 707-750, 708-840, 712-1202, or 712-1203, [or 712-1209.1,] within the past twenty years from the date of the instant offense;

(b) For an offense under section 707-710 or 707-731, within the past ten years from the date of the instant offense;

(c) For an offense under section 707-711 or 707-732, within the past five years from the date of the instant offense; or

(d) For an offense under federal law or the laws of another state that is comparable to an offense under section 707-701.5, 707-702, 707-710, 707-711, 707-730, 707-731, 707-732, 707-733.6, 707-750, 708-840, 712-1202, or 712-1203, [or 712-1209.1,] within the maximum term of imprisonment possible under the appropriate jurisdiction."

SECTION 13. Section 806-83, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:

"(a) Criminal charges may be instituted by written information for a felony when the charge is a class C felony, except under:

(1) Section 159-28 (bribery related to the Hawaii Meat Inspection Act);

(2) Section 161-28 (bribery related to the Hawaii Poultry Inspection Act);

(3) Section 707-712.5 (assault against a law enforcement officer in the first degree);

(4) Section 707-716 (terroristic threatening in the first degree);

(5) Section 707-732 (sexual assault in the third degree);

(6) Section 707-741 (incest);

(7) Section 707-752 (promoting child abuse in the third degree);

(8) Section 708-880 (commercial bribery);

(9) Section 709-904.5 (compensation by an adult of juveniles for crimes);

(10) Section 710-1026.9 (resisting an order to stop a motor vehicle in the first degree);

(11) Section 710-1070 (bribery of or by a witness);

(12) Section 710-1071 (intimidating a witness);

(13) Section 710-1072.2 (retaliating against a witness);

(14) Section 710-1073 (bribery of or by a juror);

(15) Section 710-1075 (jury tampering);

(16) Section 710-1075.5 (retaliating against a juror);

(17) Section 711-1106.4 (aggravated harassment by stalking);

(18) Section 711-1110.9 (violation of privacy in the first degree);

(19) Section 712-1208 (promoting travel for prostitution);

[(20) Section 712-1209.1 (solicitation of a minor for prostitution);

(21)] (20) Section 712-1209.5 (habitual solicitation of prostitution);

[(22)] (21) Section 712-1215 (promoting pornography for minors);

[(23)] (22) Section 712-1218 (failure to maintain age verification records of sexual performers);

[(24)] (23) Section 712-1218.5 (failure to maintain age verification records of sexually exploited individuals); and

[(25)] (24) Section 712-1219 (failure to affix information disclosing location of age verification records of sexual performers)."

SECTION 14. Section 846E-1, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending the definition of "sexual offense" to read as follows:

""Sexual offense" means an offense that is:

(1) Set forth in section 707-730(1), 707-731(1), 707-732(1), 707-733(1)(a), 707-733.6, 712-1202(1), or 712-1203(1), but excludes conduct that is criminal only because of the age of the victim, as provided in section 707-730(1)(b), or section 707-732(1)(b) if the perpetrator is under the age of eighteen;

(2) An act defined in section 707-720 if the charging document for the offense for which there has been a conviction alleged intent to subject the victim to a sexual offense;

(3) An act that consists of:

(A) Criminal sexual conduct toward a minor, including but not limited to an offense set forth in section 707-759;

(B) Solicitation of a minor who is less than fourteen years old to engage in sexual conduct;

(C) Use of a minor in a sexual performance;

(D) Production, distribution, or possession of child pornography chargeable as a felony under section 707-750, 707-751, or 707-752; or

(E) Electronic enticement of a child chargeable under section 707-756 or 707-757 if the offense was committed with the intent to promote or facilitate the commission of another covered offense as defined in this section; [or

(F) Solicitation of a minor for prostitution in violation of section 712-1209.1;]

(4) A violation of privacy under section 711-1110.9;

(5) An act, as described in chapter 705, that is an attempt, criminal solicitation, or criminal conspiracy to commit one of the offenses designated in paragraphs (1) through (4);

(6) A criminal offense that is comparable to or that exceeds a sexual offense as defined in paragraphs (1) through (5); or

(7) Any federal, military, out-of-state, tribal, or foreign conviction for any offense that under the laws of this State would be a sexual offense as defined in paragraphs (1) through (6)."

SECTION 15. Section 846E-10, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (d) to read as follows:

"(d) Tier 1 offenses. A covered offender who has maintained a clean record for the previous ten years, excluding any time the offender was in custody or civilly committed, and who has substantially complied with the registration requirements of this chapter for the previous ten years, or for the portion of that ten years that this chapter has been applicable, and who is not a repeat covered offender may petition the court, in a civil proceeding, for termination of registration requirements; provided that the covered offender's most serious covered offense is one of the following:

(1) Any offense set forth in section 707-732(1)(d) or (e), 707-733(1)(a), 707-752, 707-759, 711-1110.9, or 712-1203(1)[, or 712-1209.1];

(2) An offense set forth in section 707-721 or 707-722; provided that the offense involves unlawful imprisonment of a minor by someone other than a parent;

(3) An offense set forth in section 707-757 that includes an intent to promote or facilitate the commission of another covered offense as defined in section 846E-1;

(4) An offense that is an attempt, criminal solicitation, or criminal conspiracy to commit any of the offenses in paragraph (1), (2), or (3);

(5) Any criminal offense that is comparable to one of the offenses in paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4);

(6) Any federal, military, out-of-state, tribal, or foreign offense that is comparable to one of the offenses in paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4); or

(7) Any other covered offense that is not specified in subsection (a) or (c) or paragraph (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), or (6)."

SECTION 16. Section 853-4, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:

"(a) This chapter shall not apply when:

(1) The offense charged involves the intentional, knowing, reckless, or negligent killing of another person;

(2) The offense charged is:

(A) A felony that involves the intentional, knowing, or reckless bodily injury, substantial bodily injury, or serious bodily injury of another person; or

(B) A misdemeanor or petty misdemeanor that carries a mandatory minimum sentence and that involves the intentional, knowing, or reckless bodily injury, substantial bodily injury, or serious bodily injury of another person;

(3) The offense charged involves a conspiracy or solicitation to intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly kill another person or to cause serious bodily injury to another person;

(4) The offense charged is a class A felony;

(5) The offense charged is nonprobationable;

(6) The defendant has been convicted of any offense defined as a felony by the Hawaii Penal Code or has been convicted for any conduct that if perpetrated in this State would be punishable as a felony;

(7) The defendant is found to be a law violator or delinquent child for the commission of any offense defined as a felony by the Hawaii Penal Code or for any conduct that if perpetrated in this State would constitute a felony;

(8) The defendant has a prior conviction for a felony committed in any state, federal, or foreign jurisdiction;

(9) A firearm was used in the commission of the offense charged;

(10) The defendant is charged with the distribution of a dangerous, harmful, or detrimental drug to a minor;

(11) The defendant has been charged with a felony offense and has been previously granted deferred acceptance of guilty plea or no contest plea for a prior offense, regardless of whether the period of deferral has already expired;

(12) The defendant has been charged with a misdemeanor offense and has been previously granted deferred acceptance of guilty plea or no contest plea for a prior felony, misdemeanor, or petty misdemeanor for which the period of deferral has not yet expired;

(13) The offense charged is:

(A) Escape in the first degree;

(B) Escape in the second degree;

(C) Promoting prison contraband in the first degree;

(D) Promoting prison contraband in the second degree;

(E) Bail jumping in the first degree;

(F) Bail jumping in the second degree;

(G) Bribery;

(H) Bribery of or by a witness;

(I) Intimidating a witness;

(J) Bribery of or by a juror;

(K) Intimidating a juror;

(L) Jury tampering;

(M) Promoting prostitution;

(N) Abuse of family or household member;

(O) Sexual assault in the second degree;

(P) Sexual assault in the third degree;

(Q) A violation of an order issued pursuant to chapter 586;

(R) Promoting child abuse in the second degree;

(S) Promoting child abuse in the third degree;

(T) Electronic enticement of a child in the first degree;

(U) Electronic enticement of a child in the second degree;

(V) Prostitution pursuant to section 712-1200(1)(b);

(W) Street solicitation of prostitution under section 712-1207(1)(b);

(X) Solicitation of prostitution near schools or public parks under section 712-1209; or

(Y) Habitual solicitation of prostitution under section 712-1209.5; [or

(Z) Solicitation of a minor for prostitution under section 712-1209.1;]

(14) The defendant has been charged with:

(A) Knowingly or intentionally falsifying any report required under chapter 11, part XIII with the intent to circumvent the law or deceive the campaign spending commission; or

(B) Violating section 11-352 or 11-353; or

(15) The defendant holds a commercial driver's license and has been charged with violating a traffic control law, other than a parking law, in connection with the operation of any type of motor vehicle."

SECTION 17. Section 712-1209.1, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is repealed.

["712-1209.1 Solicitation of a minor for prostitution. (1) A person eighteen years of age or older commits the offense of solicitation of a minor for prostitution if the person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly offers or agrees to pay a fee to a minor or to a member of a police department, a sheriff, or a law enforcement officer who represents that person's self as a minor to engage in sexual conduct.

(2) Solicitation of a minor for prostitution is a class C felony.

(3) A person convicted of committing the offense of solicitation of a minor for prostitution shall be imposed a fine of not less than $5,000; provided that $5,000 of the imposed fine shall be credited to the general fund.

(4) This section shall not apply to any member of a police department, a sheriff, or a law enforcement officer who offers or agrees to pay a fee to a minor while acting in the course and scope of duties.

(5) The state of mind requirement for this offense is not applicable to the fact that the person solicited was a minor. A person is strictly liable with respect to the attendant circumstance that the person solicited was a minor.

(6) For purposes of this section:

"Minor" means a person who is less than eighteen years of age.

"Sexual conduct" has the same meaning as in section 712‑1200(2)."]

PART V

SECTION 18. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.

SECTION 19. If any provision of this Act, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of the Act that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this Act are severable.

SECTION 20. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.

SECTION 21. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.

 

INTRODUCED BY:

_____________________________

 

 


 


 

Report Title:

Prostitution; Sex Trafficking; Minor; Victim Compensation; Promoting Travel for Prostitution

 

Description:

Removes the criminal statute of limitations for sex trafficking and promoting prostitution. Exempts minors from criminal liability for prostitution and street solicitation of prostitution. Establishes minimum criminal and regulatory penalties for prostitution, sex trafficking, and promoting travel for prostitution. Repeals the offense of solicitation of a minor for prostitution.

 

 

 

The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.