THIRTIETH LEGISLATURE, 2020
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO PENAL LIABILITY FOR BUSINESS ENTITIES.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that corporations and other business entities are a powerful part of contemporary society and their conduct, like that of individuals, should be subject to penal sanctions when it injures substantial societal values and can be morally condemned. The heightened finding the law currently requires of the court to impose the remedy of corporate dissolution or revocation of the authority to conduct business in the State is ineffective as either a deterrent or punishment for corporate crimes.
The purpose of this Act is to disallow business entities convicted of felonies or misdemeanors, including felonies or misdemeanors affecting public safety, health, and well-being, from continuing to do business in Hawaii.
SECTION 2. Section 706-608, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§706-608 Penalties against
corporations and unincorporated associations; forfeiture of corporate charter
or revocation of certificate authorizing foreign corporation to do business in
.]; cancellation or revocation of authorizing instrument of
partnership entity and limited liability company; dissolution. (1)
The court may sentence a corporation or an unincorporated association
which has been convicted of an offense to be placed on probation as authorized
by part II of this chapter or to be fined as authorized by part III of this
When a corporation is convicted of a [
felony or misdemeanor or a high managerial agent of a corporation[ , as
defined in section [702-229],] is convicted of a [ crime] felony
or misdemeanor committed in the conduct of the affairs of the corporation,
the court, in sentencing the corporation or the agent, [ may] shall
order the charter of a corporation organized under the laws of this State
forfeited or the certificate of a foreign corporation authorizing it to do
business in this State revoked[ upon finding: (a) That the board of directors or a high managerial agent
acting in behalf of the corporation has, in conducting the corporation's
affairs, intentionally engaged in a persistent course of criminal conduct[;]
and (b) That for the prevention of future
criminal conduct of the same character, the public interest requires the
charter of the corporation to be forfeited and the corporation to be dissolved
or the certificate to be revoked].
(3) The proceedings authorized by subsection (2) shall be conducted in accordance with the procedures authorized by law for the involuntary dissolution of a corporation or the revocation of the certificate authorizing a foreign corporation to conduct business in this State. Such proceedings shall be deemed additional to any other proceedings authorized by law for the purpose of forfeiting the charter of a corporation or revoking the certificate of a foreign corporation.
(4) When a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, or limited liability company is convicted of a felony or misdemeanor, or a high managerial agent of a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, or limited liability company is convicted of a felony or misdemeanor committed in the conduct of the affairs of the entity, the court, in sentencing the entity or agent, shall order the registration cancelled and the statement of qualification revoked, as applicable to an entity organized under the laws of this State, and the entity dissolved, or the certificate of authority cancelled and the statement of foreign qualification revoked as applicable to a foreign entity authorized to do business in this State.
(5) The proceedings authorized by subsection (4) shall be conducted in accordance with the procedures authorized by law for the involuntary dissolution of the applicable domestic entity or the revocation or cancellation of the statement or certificate authorizing the applicable foreign entity to conduct business in this State. Such proceedings shall be deemed additional to any other proceedings authorized by law for the purpose of dissolving the domestic entity or revoking or canceling the statement or certificate authorizing the foreign entity to conduct business in this State.
(6) Upon ordering dissolution of a corporation or entity pursuant to subsections (2) or (4), the court may enter a decree dissolving the corporation or entity and specifying the effective date of the dissolution, and the clerk of the court shall deliver a certified copy of the decree to the director of commerce and consumer affairs, who shall file it. After entering the decree of dissolution, the court shall direct the winding up and liquidation of the corporation's or entity's business and affairs.
(7) For purposes of this section, "corporation" and "high managerial agent" shall have the same meaning as in section 702‑229."
SECTION 3. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.
SECTION 4. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 5. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Corporations; Business Entities; High Managerial Agent; Felony; Misdemeanor; Dissolution; Cancellation; Revocation
Requires a court to order the charter of a corporation forfeited and the certificate authorizing a foreign corporation to do business in the State revoked upon a felony or misdemeanor conviction of the corporation or its high managerial agent that is related to its business affairs. Repeals the requirement for findings for a court to order forfeiture of a charter or revocation of a certificate. Requires similar penalties for various partnership entities and limited liability companies and their foreign counterparts convicted of a felony or misdemeanor. Permits the winding up of the business. (SD1)
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.