THE SENATE

S.B. NO.

2849

THIRTIETH LEGISLATURE, 2020

S.D. 2

STATE OF HAWAII

 

 

 

 

 

 

A BILL FOR AN ACT

 

 

RELATING TO LAW ENFORCEMENT STANDARDS BOARD.

 

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 


SECTION 1. The legislature, by Act 220, Session Laws of Hawaii 2018, enacted chapter 139, Hawaii Revised Statutes, to create a law enforcement standards board for the certification of law enforcement officers, including county police officers, state public safety officers, and employees with police powers at the department of transportation, department of land and natural resources, department of the attorney general, and department of taxation.

The board is responsible for establishing minimum standards for employment as a law enforcement officer and certifying persons qualified as law enforcement officers. It is also responsible for establishing minimum criminal justice curriculum requirements for basic, specialized, and in-service courses and programs for the training of law enforcement officers. It must consult and cooperate with the counties, state agencies, other governmental agencies, universities and colleges, and other institutions, concerning the development of law enforcement officer training schools and programs. The board is also responsible for regulating and enforcing the certification requirements of law enforcement officers.

These are important and substantial duties that require evaluation to ensure that existing legal obligations are not compromised. Before imposing new standards impacting the employment of law enforcement officers, the board must consider collective bargaining and other employment requirements. At a minimum, the board must evaluate how probationary periods, training requirements (including the types of training, the number of hours of training, and the availability of training facilities), and the issuance, suspension, and revocation of certification will impact obligations already established by law.

Such evaluation should include consideration of the study conducted by the legislative reference bureau pursuant to Act 124, Session Laws of Hawaii 2018, and any additional study necessary to determine the impact of uniform standards, certification, and training for all law enforcement. The board has determined that it will need significantly more time and funds to accomplish its mission.

The purpose of this Act is to:

(1) Clarify board membership requirements to facilitate participation and representation;

(2) Enable the board to research the impact of uniform standards, certification, and training on existing legal requirements;

(3) Establish new deadlines for the completion of the board's significant responsibilities; and

(4) Appropriate funds to enable the board to accomplish its mission.

SECTION 2. Section 139-2, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsections (a) and (b) to read as follows:

"(a) There is established the law enforcement standards board within the department of the attorney general for administrative purposes only. The purpose of the board shall be to provide programs and standards for training and certification of law enforcement officers. The law enforcement standards board shall consist of the following voting members: nine ex officio individuals[, two] or their designees, five law enforcement officers, and four members of the public.

(1) The nine ex officio members of the board shall consist of the:

(A) Attorney general[;] or the attorney general's designee;

(B) Director of public safety[;] or the director's designee;

(C) Director of transportation or the director's designee;

(D) Chairperson of the board of land and natural resources or chairperson's designee;

(E) Director of taxation or the director's designee; and

(F) Chiefs of police of the four counties[;] or the designees of each of the chiefs of police;

(2) The [two] five law enforcement officers shall [each] be persons other than the chiefs of police or designees described in paragraph (1)(F) and shall consist of:

(A) Four county law enforcement officers, one from each of the four counties; and

(B) One state law enforcement officer.

Each law enforcement officer described in this paragraph shall have at least ten years of experience as a law enforcement officer [and], shall be appointed by the governor[;] and, notwithstanding section 26-34, shall serve without the advice and consent of the senate; and

(3) The four members of the public shall consist of one member of the public from each of the four counties and shall be appointed by the governor[.] and, notwithstanding section 26-34, shall serve without the advice and consent of the senate. At least two of the four members of the public holding a position on the board at any given time shall:

(A) Possess a master's or doctorate degree related to criminal justice;

(B) Possess a law degree and have experience:

(i) Practicing in Hawaii as a deputy attorney general, a deputy prosecutor, a deputy public defender, or a private criminal defense attorney; or

(ii) Litigating constitutional law issues in Hawaii;

(C) Be a recognized expert in the field of criminal justice, policing, or security; or

(D) Have work experience in a law enforcement capacity[; provided that experience in a county police department shall not itself be sufficient to qualify under this paragraph].

(b) The law enforcement officers and the members of the public on the board shall serve for a term of [three] four years, provided that the initial terms shall be staggered, as determined by the governor."

SECTION 3. Section 139-3, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:

"[[]139-3[]] Powers and duties of the board. The board shall:

(1) Adopt rules in accordance with chapter 91 to implement this chapter;

(2) Establish minimum standards for employment as a law enforcement officer and to certify persons to be qualified as law enforcement officers;

(3) Establish criteria and standards in which a person who has been denied certification, whose certification has been revoked by the board, or whose certification has lapsed may reapply for certification;

(4) Establish minimum criminal justice curriculum requirements for basic, specialized, and in-service courses and programs for schools operated by or for the State or a county for the specific purpose of training law enforcement officers;

(5) Consult and cooperate with the counties, agencies of the State, other governmental agencies, universities, colleges, and other institutions concerning the development of law enforcement officer training schools and programs of criminal justice instruction;

(6) Employ, subject to chapter 76, an administrator and other persons necessary to carry out its duties under this chapter;

(7) Investigate when there is reason to believe that a law enforcement officer does not meet the minimum standards for employment, and in so doing, may:

(A) Subpoena persons, books, records, or documents;

(B) Require answers in writing under oath to questions asked by the board; and

(C) Take or cause to be taken depositions as needed in investigations, hearings, and other proceedings,

related to the investigation;

(8) Establish and require participation in continuing education programs for law enforcement officers;

(9) Have the authority to charge and collect fees for applications for certification as a law enforcement officer; [and]

(10) Establish procedures and criteria for the revocation of certification issued by the board[.];

(11) Consider studies relevant to the board's objectives, including the study that examines consolidating the law enforcement activities and responsibilities of various state divisions and agencies under a single, centralized state enforcement division or agency, conducted pursuant to Act 124, Session Laws of Hawaii 2018; and

(12) Conduct its own study to evaluate how to efficiently and effectively satisfy its duties in accordance with the law."

SECTION 4. Section 139-6, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsections (a) and (b) to read as follows:

"(a) No person may be appointed as a law enforcement officer after June 30, 2023, unless the person:

(1) Has satisfactorily completed a basic program of law enforcement training approved by the board; and

(2) Possesses other qualifications as prescribed by the board for the employment of law enforcement officers, including minimum age, education, physical and mental standards, citizenship, good conduct, moral character, and experience.

(b) [The] Beginning on July 1, 2023, the board shall issue a certification to an applicant who meets the requirements of subsection (a) or who has satisfactorily completed a program or course of instruction in another jurisdiction that the board deems to be equivalent in content and quality to the requirements of subsection (a)."

SECTION 5. Section 139-7, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:

"[[]139-7[]] Employment of law enforcement officers. (a) No person shall be appointed or employed as a law enforcement officer by any county police department, the department of public safety, the department of transportation, the department of land and natural resources, the department of taxation, or the department of the attorney general, after June 30, 2023, unless the person possesses a valid certification issued by the board pursuant to section 139-6(b).

(b) This section shall not apply to a person [employed]:

(1) Employed on a probationary basis, except that employment on a probationary basis may not exceed the period authorized for probationary employment as determined by the board[.]; or

(2) If the person entered into employment with the applicable county police department or state department before July 1, 2023, and termination of employment would violate any valid collective bargaining agreement."

SECTION 6. Act 220, Session Laws of Hawaii 2018, is amended by amending section 6 to read as follows:

"SECTION 6. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2018[; provided that the law enforcement standards board established under this Act shall finalize its standards and certification process by July 1, 2019]."

SECTION 7. There is appropriated out of the general revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $         or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2020-2021 for deposit into the law enforcement standards board special fund.

SECTION 8. There is appropriated out of the law enforcement standards board special fund the sum of $         or so much thereof as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2020‑2021 for:

(1) One permanent administrator position (1.0 FTE) subject to chapter 76, Hawaii Revised Statutes, and one permanent clerical position (1.0 FTE) subject to chapter 76, Hawaii Revised Statutes; and

(2) Administration, travel, and operating costs of the law enforcement standards board.

The sum appropriated shall be expended by the law enforcement standards board.

SECTION 9. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun, before the effective date of this Act.

SECTION 10. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.

SECTION 11. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2050.


 


 

Report Title:

Law Enforcement Standards Board; Appropriation

 

Description:

Clarifies membership and certain powers and duties of the Law Enforcement Standards Board. Establishes deadlines for the completion of board responsibilities. Appropriates funds to enable the board to accomplish its mission. Effective 7/1/2050. (SD2)

 

 

 

The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.