HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
THIRTIETH LEGISLATURE, 2019
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO TELECOMMUNICATIONS.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. (a) The legislature finds that Hawaii must be aggressive in facilitating the creation of key critical broadband infrastructure, including the construction of an open access, carrier neutral cable landing station that could be used to attract transpacific fiber optic cables.
Specifically, the legislature must create an environment that is attractive to potential partners with the resources, technical expertise, and ability to develop the State into a strategic communications and knowledge hub for the Pacific region. This hub would integrate a robust global communications network with connectivity to data centers, content repositories, and hedge computing for the development of next-generation applications such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, augmented reality, big data analytics, smart communities, blockchain, and real-time predictive systems.
In 2008, the Hawaii broadband task force published its final report, which included several key recommendations to maximize the State's connectivity to the world. Specifically, the task force found that submarine fiber optic cables are Hawaii's lifeline to the rest of the world. Although Hawaii once served as the crossroads of transpacific communications, all of the fiber systems built across the Pacific since 2001 have bypassed the State. The task force recommended that Hawaii aggressively promote the landing of new transpacific submarine fiber cables. One key step to do this is the construction of a shared access cable station that would reduce the barriers to landing a fiber cable in Hawaii.
Telegeography, a telecommunications market research and consulting firm, released a report in 2018 on the status of new transpacific fiber optic projects linking Asia and North America. Of the six projects listed, none are planned to land in Hawaii. The legislature finds that without a meaningful change in circumstances, the State will exhaust subsea fiber optic cable capacity by 2025.
The legislature further finds that the creation of an open access, carrier-neutral cable landing will:
(1) Better attract transpacific fiber optic cables;
(2) Make landing permits easier and less expensive;
(3) Create a fair environment for all telecommunications carriers;
(4) Establish Internet price competitiveness;
(5) Provide easy cross-connection to other networks;
(6) Provide statewide network resilience and physical security;
(7) Increase the capacity of the State's future broadband bandwidth;
(8) Enable increased economic development; and
(9) Establish the State as a major participant in the global broadband market.
(b) The legislature finds that it is critical that an open access, carrier-neutral cable landing be established soon to facilitate several upcoming projects:
(1) The South America Pacific Link transpacific fiber cable could potentially land in Hawaii in 2020 if a cable landing were available. This project would connect Hawaii to South America, Central America, and the continental United States;
(2) The Hawaii community development authority began the process of permitting and planning for a cable landing station in Kakaako makai, based on a study conducted by Johns Hopkins University. Construction of a cable landing station in this area would directly benefit the Hawaii technology development center's entrepreneur sandbox, which is currently being constructed in Kakaako; and
(3) The federal Department of Defense is scheduled to select a vendor for its Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure cloud-computing contract to build out the department's enterprise cloud. The selected vendor would likely build a private cloud, including a data center, to support the operations of the United States Indo-Pacific Command in Hawaii.
(c) Accordingly, the purpose of this Act is to:
(1) Establish a partnership between the State and the private sector that shall:
(A) Plan, build, and manage key strategic broadband infrastructure that benefits the State;
(B) Encourage cloud-based companies to take advantage of this infrastructure;
(C) Develop internal policies and procedures for the procurement of goods, services, and construction, consistent with the goals of public accountability and public procurement; and
(D) For the sole purpose of constructing a cable landing station at a suitable location in Kakaako, on the island of Oahu, be exempt from certain state and county approval and permitting requirements for a period of five years to help expedite this process; and
(2) Make an appropriation for an open access, carrier-neutral cable landing station to enable key strategic infrastructure in support of the Hawaii broadband initiative.
SECTION 2. Chapter 201, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
"§201- Public-private partnership to manage strategic broadband infrastructure. (a) The department may enter into a public-private partnership with a partner or partners in the private sector to:
(1) Plan, build, and manage key strategic broadband infrastructure that benefits the State, including a cable landing station; and
(2) Encourage cloud-based companies to utilize this infrastructure.
(b) The partnership shall develop internal policies and procedures for the procurement of goods, services, and construction that are consistent with the goals of public accountability and public procurement.
(c) The partnership shall identify a suitable location for a cable landing station in Kakaako, on the island of Oahu, and shall be responsible for the planning, construction, and management of the cable landing station.
(d) The cable landing station constructed pursuant to subsection (c) shall be exempt from:
(1) All county permitting requirements, including any ordinances, charter provisions, or rules relating to land use, zoning, infrastructure, and permitting; and
(2) State permitting and approval requirements, including the requirements of chapters 171, 205A, and 343;
provided that exemptions established by this subsection shall expire on June 30, 2024.
(e) As used in this section, "partnership" means the public-private partnership established in subsection (a)."
SECTION 3. There is appropriated out of the general revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $ or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2019-2020 for the establishment of an open access, carrier neutral cable landing station in support of the Hawaii broadband initiative.
The sum appropriated shall be expended by the department of business, economic development, and tourism for the purposes of this Act.
SECTION 4. New statutory material is underscored. SECTION 5. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2112.
DBEDT; Telecommunications; Broadband; Cable Landing Station; Open Access Carrier Neutral Cable; Infrastructure; Exemptions; Appropriation
Authorizes DBEDT to enter into a public-private partnership to plan, build, and manage key strategic broadband infrastructure that benefits the State, including a cable landing station in Kakaako, on the island of Oahu, and to encourage cloud-based companies to take advantage of this infrastructure. Exempts the station from certain state and county permitting and land use laws. Appropriates funds. (HB821 HD2)
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.