HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
THIRTIETH LEGISLATURE, 2020
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
relating to energy efficiency.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that energy efficiency is the most cost-effective way to reduce emissions associated with electricity generation and consumption. The legislature further finds that maximizing efficiency and thereby reducing demand for power generation is a necessary component of reaching the State's goal of one hundred per cent renewable energy by 2045. Energy used to power buildings accounts for over fifty per cent of the electricity consumed in the State, but despite setting ambitious policy goals for increased energy efficiency and renewable energy, the State has not undertaken improvements for increased efficiency in many of its own facilities, amounting to millions of dollars in potential savings that are being missed out on. It is important for the State to lead by example when it comes to energy efficiency, energy-efficient new building construction, and maximizing savings of taxpayer dollars that would otherwise be spent on utility bills.
The purpose of this Act is to:
(1) Require all state facilities to undergo an energy audit by July 1, 2021; implement efficiency measures or enter into performance contracts for efficiency measure by January 1, 2022; and reassess every five years thereafter whether there are additional opportunities for improved efficiency;
(2) Require that all state buildings track energy use and performance over time and make this data publicly available through the Hawaii state energy office, so that the data can be used to better understand the buildings' energy use and inform future decision making; and
(3) Require that, beginning July 1, 2020, the design of all new state building construction shall:
(A) Allow for the building to be net-zero capable;
(B) Use carbon-mineralized concrete where cost-effective;
(C) For parking lots accompanying state facilities, require that twenty-five per cent of parking stalls are vehicle charger ready; and
(D) Account for the projected costs of utility bills when making decisions about the most cost-effective building design.
SECTION 2. Chapter 196, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to part II to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
"§196- State facilities; energy audit. By January 1, 2022, all state facilities shall address the results of the energy audit conducted pursuant to Act , Session Laws of Hawaii 2020, through the implementation of efficiency measures or enter into performance contracts for efficiency measures."
SECTION 3. Section 107-27, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§107-27 Design of state buildings. (a) No later than one year after the adoption of codes or standards pursuant to section 107-24(c), the design of all state building construction shall be in compliance with the Hawaii state building codes, except state building construction shall be allowed to be exempted from:
(1) County codes that have not adopted the Hawaii state building codes;
(2) Any county code amendments that are inconsistent with the minimum performance objectives of the Hawaii state building codes or the objectives enumerated in this part; or
(3) Any county code amendments that are contrary to code amendments adopted by another county.
(b) Exemptions shall include county ordinances allowing the exercise of indigenous Hawaiian architecture adopted in accordance with section 46-1.55.
(c) The State shall consider hurricane resistant criteria when designing and constructing new public schools for the capability of providing shelter refuge.
(d) Beginning July 1, 2020, the design of all new state building construction shall:
(1) Allow for the building to be a net zero capable structure;
(2) Require the use of post-industrial carbon dioxide mineralized concrete, if concrete material is required for the construction of the building, where it is cost-effective;
(3) Require at least twenty-five per cent of the building's accompanying parking lot to be electric vehicle charger ready, if a parking lot is to be constructed; and
(4) Account for the projected costs of utility bills when making decisions about the most cost-effective building design.
As used in this subsection:
"Electric vehicle charger ready" means having sufficient wire, conduit, raceway, termination point, and electrical panel capacity, suitable to provide level two charging consistent with an electric vehicle charging system as that term is defined in section 196-7.5.
"Net zero capable" means having the capability to produce an amount of energy, including electricity and gas, that is equal to or greater than the energy consumed by the building.
"Post-industrial carbon dioxide mineralized concrete" means concrete that has undergone active carbonation treatment during mixing, in which carbon dioxide is injected into and mineralized within the concrete."
SECTION 4. Section 196-30, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§196-30 Public buildings; benchmarks; [
guidelines;] energy savings performance contracts. (a) [ By December 31,
2010,] Beginning July 1, 2021, and every year thereafter, each
state department with responsibilities for the design and construction of
public buildings and facilities, with the assistance of the Hawaii state
energy office and department of accounting and general services, shall
benchmark every existing public building [ that is either larger than five
thousand square feet or uses more than eight thousand kilowatt-hours of
electricity or energy per year] to measure energy use and performance
over time and shall use the benchmark as a basis for determining the
State's investment in improving the efficiency of its own building stock. Benchmarking data shall be collected every
month and maintained by the Hawaii state energy office in a publicly available format
compatible for use with the portfolio management tool, and benchmarking shall
be conducted using the [ ENERGY STAR] portfolio management [ or
equivalent] tool. The chief energy
officer of the Hawaii state energy office shall provide training to affected
departments on the [ ENERGY STAR] portfolio management [ or equivalent]
Public buildings shall be
retro-commissioned] Each state department with responsibilities
for the design and construction of public buildings and facilities, with the
assistance of the Hawaii state energy office and department of accounting and
general services, shall assess the equipment and systems of its respective
public buildings and facilities to improve energy efficiency no less often
than once every five years. [ The
chief energy officer of the Hawaii state energy office shall establish
retro-commissioning guidelines by January 1, 2010.]
(c) Departments may enter into energy savings performance contracts with a third party to cover the capital costs of energy-efficiency measures and distributed generation provided the terms of the energy savings performance contracts conform to the benchmark standard. The comptroller may review and exempt specific projects as appropriate to take into account cost-effectiveness.
Energy savings performance contracts shall be executed according to state guidelines issued by the comptroller, and the contracts shall be reviewed by the comptroller. To expedite energy savings performance contracting for public buildings, the department of accounting and general services shall develop a master energy savings performance contracts agreement that any department may use to contract with an energy savings performance contracts provider for energy-efficiency and renewable energy services.
(d) For existing public buildings that undergo a major retrofit or renovation, the department or departments responsible for design and construction shall make investments in efficiency; provided that the cost of the measures shall be recouped within twenty years.
(e) As used in this section:
"Benchmark" means a record of the energy used by a facility, as recorded monthly for at least one year, and the facility characteristics information inputs required for a portfolio management tool.
"Portfolio management tool" means the United States Environmental Protection Agency's ENERGY STAR portfolio manager or an equivalent tool adopted by the chief energy officer."
SECTION 5. No later than July 1, 2021, all state facilities shall undergo an energy audit, to be conducted by or contracted out to an independent third party by the Hawaii state energy office. The results of the audit shall be submitted to the legislature no later than twenty days prior to the convening of the regular session of 2022.
SECTION 6. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.
SECTION 7. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 8. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Energy Efficiency; State Facilities; Audit; Building Design; Benchmarking
Requires an energy audit for all state facilities by July 1, 2021, and begin to address the audit results by January 1, 2022. Requires a report of the results of the audit to the legislature. Beginning July 1, 2020, requires the design of new state building construction to allow for the building to be a net zero capable structure, use post-industrial carbon dioxide mineralized concrete where cost-effective, have 25% of its accompanying parking lot be electric vehicle charger ready, and account for projected costs of utility bills when making decisions about the most cost-effective building design. Requires public buildings to be benchmarked beginning on July 1, 2021, and requires benchmarking data to be maintained by the Hawaii state energy office in a publicly available format. Requires equipment and systems to be assessed for energy efficiency every five years.
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.