HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

H.B. NO.

1833

THIRTIETH LEGISLATURE, 2020

H.D. 2

STATE OF HAWAII

 

 

 

 

 

 

A BILL FOR AN ACT

 

 

RELATING TO PEER-TO-PEER CAR-SHARING.

 

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 


SECTION 1. The Hawaii Revised Statutes is amended by adding a new chapter to title 15 to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:

"Chapter    

peer-to-peer car-sharing

   ‑1 Definitions. As used in this chapter:

"Car-sharing delivery period" means the period of time during which a shared car is being delivered to the location of the car-sharing start time, if applicable, as documented by the governing car-sharing program agreement.

"Car-sharing period" means the period of time that commences with the car-sharing delivery period or, if there is no delivery period, that commences with the car-sharing start time and, in either case, ends at the car-sharing termination time.

"Car-sharing program agreement" means the terms and conditions applicable to a shared car owner and a shared car driver that govern the use of a shared car through a peer-to-peer car-sharing program. "Car-sharing program agreement" shall not mean a "rental agreement" as defined in section 437D3.

"Car-sharing start time" means the time when the shared car becomes subject to the control of the shared car driver at or after the time the reservation of a shared car is scheduled to begin as documented in the records of a peer-to-peer car-sharing program.

"Car-sharing termination time" means the earliest of the following events:

(1) The expiration of the agreed upon period of time established for the use of a shared car according to the terms of the car-sharing program agreement if the shared car is delivered to the location agreed upon in the car-sharing program agreement;

(2) When the shared car is returned to a location as alternatively agreed upon by the shared car owner and shared car driver as communicated through a peer-to-peer car-sharing program; or

(3) When the shared car owner or the shared car owner's authorized designee takes possession and control of the shared car.

"Peer-to-peer car-sharing" means the authorized use of a vehicle by an individual other than the vehicle's owner through a peer-to-peer car-sharing program. "Peer-to-peer car-sharing" shall not mean the "business of providing rental motor vehicles to the public" as the phrase is used in section 251-3 or the business of a "lessor" as defined in section 437D-3.

"Peer-to-peer car-sharing program" means a business platform that connects vehicle owners with drivers to enable the sharing of vehicles for financial consideration. "Peer-to-peer car-sharing program" shall not include "lessor" as defined in section 437D-3 or a "car-sharing organization" as defined in section 251-1.

"Shared car" means a vehicle that is available for sharing through a peer-to-peer car-sharing program. "Shared car" shall not include a "rental motor vehicle" or "vehicle" as defined in section 437D-3.

"Shared car driver" means an individual who has been authorized to drive the shared car by the shared car owner under a car-sharing program agreement. "Shared car driver" shall not mean "lessee" as defined in section 437D-3.

"Shared car owner" means the registered owner, or a person or entity designated by the registered owner, of a vehicle made available for sharing to shared car drivers through a peer-to-peer car-sharing program. "Shared car owner" shall not include a "lessor" as defined in section 437D-3.

   ‑2 Insurance coverage during car-sharing period. (a) A peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall assume liability, except as provided in subsection (b), of a shared car owner for bodily injury or property damage to third parties or uninsured and underinsured motorist or personal injury protection losses during the car-sharing period in an amount stated in the peer-to-peer car-sharing program agreement, which amount may not be less than those set forth in section 431:10C-301.

(b) Notwithstanding the definition of "car-sharing termination time" as set forth in section    ‑1, the assumption of liability under subsection (a) shall not apply to any shared car owner when:

(1) A shared car owner makes an intentional or fraudulent material misrepresentation or omission to the peer-to-peer car-sharing program before the car-sharing period in which the loss occurred; or

(2) Acting in concert with a shared car driver who fails to return the shared car pursuant to the terms of car-sharing program agreement.

(c) Notwithstanding the definition of "car-sharing termination time" in section    ‑1, the assumption of liability under subsection (a) shall apply to bodily injury, property damage, uninsured and underinsured motorist or personal injury protection losses suffered by third parties as required by section 431:10C-301.

(d) A peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall ensure that, during each car-sharing period, the shared car owner and the shared car driver shall be insured under a motor vehicle insurance policy that provides insurance coverage in amounts no less than the minimum amounts required under section 431:10C-301 and:

(1) Recognizes that the shared vehicle insured under the policy is made available and used through a peer-to-peer car-sharing program; or

(2) Does not exclude use of a shared car by a shared car driver.

(e) The insurance described under subsection (d) may be satisfied by the motor vehicle insurance maintained by:

(1) A shared car owner;

(2) A shared car driver;

(3) A peer-to-peer car-sharing program; or

(4) A combination of the shared car owner and shared car driver coverage, and peer-to-peer car-sharing program.

(f) Insurance described in subsection (e) that satisfies the insurance requirement of subsection (d) shall be primary during each car-sharing period.

(g) If the peer-to-peer car-sharing program, in whole or in part, provides the insurance required under subsections (d) and (e), it shall assume primary liability for a claim when:

(1) A dispute exists as to who was in control of the shared car at the time of the loss; and

(2) The peer-to-peer car-sharing program does not have available, did not retain, or fails to provide the information required by section    ‑5.

The shared car's insurer shall indemnify the peer-to-peer car-sharing program to the extent of its obligation under, if any, the applicable insurance policy, if it is determined that the shared car owner was in control of the shared car at the time of the loss.

(h) If insurance maintained by a shared car owner or shared car driver in accordance with subsection (e) has lapsed or does not provide the required coverage, insurance maintained by a peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall provide the coverage required by subsection (d) beginning with the first dollar of a claim and have the duty to defend the claim except under circumstances as set forth in subsection (b).

(i) Coverage under a motor vehicle insurance policy maintained by the peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall not be dependent upon another motor vehicle insurer first denying a claim nor shall another motor vehicle insurance policy be required to first deny a claim.

(j) Nothing in this chapter:

(1) Limits the liability of the peer-to-peer car-sharing program for any act or omission of the peer-to-peer car-sharing program itself that results in injury to any person as a result of the use of a shared car through a peer-to-peer car-sharing program; or

(2) Limits the ability of the peer-to-peer car-sharing program to seek, by contract, indemnification from the shared car owner or the shared car driver for economic loss sustained by the peer-to-peer car-sharing program resulting from a breach of the terms and conditions of the car-sharing program agreement.

   ‑3 Notification of implications of lien. When a car owner registers as a shared car owner on a peer-to-peer car-sharing program and prior to when the shared car owner makes a shared car available for car-sharing on the peer-to-peer car-sharing program, the peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall notify the shared car owner that, if the shared car has a lien against it, the use of the shared car through a peer-to-peer car-sharing program, including use without physical damage coverage, may violate the terms of the contract with the lienholder.

   ‑4 Exclusions in motor vehicle insurance policies. (a) An authorized insurer that writes motor vehicle insurance in the State may exclude any and all coverage and the duty to defend or indemnify any claim afforded under a shared car owner's motor vehicle insurance policy, including:

(1) Liability coverage for bodily injury and property damage;

(2) Personal injury protection coverage as set forth in section 431:10C-304;

(3) Uninsured and underinsured motorist coverage;

(4) Medical payments coverage;

(5) Comprehensive physical damage coverage; and

(6) Collision physical damage coverage.

(b) Nothing in this chapter shall invalidate or limit an exclusion contained in a motor vehicle insurance policy, including any insurance policy in use or approved for use that excludes coverage for motor vehicles made available for rent, sharing, or hire or for any business use.

(c) No peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall make available through its business platform any shared car when the shared car owner's motor vehicle insurance policy excludes any coverage required under this chapter.

   ‑5 Recordkeeping; use of vehicle in car-sharing. A peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall collect and verify records pertaining to the use of a shared car, including times used, fees paid by the shared car driver, and revenues received by the shared car owner, and provide that information upon request to the shared car owner, the shared car owner's insurer, or the shared car driver's insurer to facilitate a claim coverage investigation. The peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall retain the records for a time period not less than the six-year statute of limitations period set forth under section 657-1(4).

   ‑6 Contribution against indemnification. A motor vehicle insurer that defends or indemnifies a claim against a shared car that is excluded under the terms of its policy shall have the right to seek contribution against the motor vehicle insurer of the peer-to-peer car-sharing program if the claim is:

(1) Made against the shared car owner or the shared car driver for loss or injury that occurs during the car-sharing period; and

(2) Excluded under the terms of its policy.

   ‑7 Insurable interest. (a) Notwithstanding any other law, statute, or rule to the contrary, a peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall have an insurable interest in a shared car during the car-sharing period.

(b) A peer-to-peer car-sharing program may own and maintain as the named insured one or more policies of motor vehicle insurance that provides coverage for:

(1) Liabilities assumed by the peer-to-peer car-sharing program under a peer-to-peer car-sharing program agreement;

(2) Any liability of the shared car owner; or

(3) Damage or loss to the shared car or any liability of the shared car driver.

   ‑8 Required disclosures and notices. For each shared car participating in a car-sharing program agreement on its platform, a peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall:

(1) Provide the shared car owner and shared car driver with the terms and conditions of the car-sharing program agreement;

(2) Disclose to the shared car driver any costs or fees that are charged to the shared car driver under the car-sharing program agreement;

(3) Disclose to the shared car owner any costs or fees that are charged to the shared car owner under the car-sharing program agreement;

(4) Provide an emergency telephone number for a person capable of facilitating roadside assistance to the shared car driver;

(5) Disclose any right of the peer-to-peer car-sharing program to seek indemnification from the shared car owner or the shared car driver for economic loss sustained by the car-sharing program caused by a breach of the car-sharing program agreement;

(6) Disclose that a motor vehicle insurance policy issued to the shared car owner for the shared car or to the shared car driver does not provide a defense or indemnification for any claim asserted by the peer-to-peer car-sharing program;

(7) Disclose that the peer-to-peer car-sharing program's insurance coverage on the shared car owner and the shared car driver is in effect only during each sharing period and that the shared car may not have insurance coverage for use of the shared car by the shared car driver after the sharing termination time;

(8) Disclose any insurance or protection package costs that are charged to the shared car owner or the shared car driver;

(9) Disclose that the shared car owner's motor vehicle insurance policy may not provide coverage for a shared car; and

(10) Disclose to the shared car driver any conditions in which the shared car driver is required to maintain a motor vehicle insurance policy as the primary coverage for the shared car in order to drive a shared car.

   -9 Driver's license verification and data retention. (a) A peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall not enter into a car-sharing program agreement with a shared car driver unless the shared car driver:

(1) Holds a valid driver's license issued under section 286102 that authorizes the shared car driver to operate motor vehicles of the class of the shared car;

(2) Is a nonresident who:

(A) Has a valid driver's license issued by the state or country of the driver's residence that authorizes the shared car driver in that state or country to drive motor vehicles of the class of the shared car; provided that the foreign driver's license is accepted by the State; and

(B) Is at least the same age as that required of a resident to drive; or

(3) Otherwise is specifically authorized to drive vehicles of the class of the shared car.

(b) A peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall record:

(1) The name and address of the shared car driver; and

(2) The place of issuance and number of the driver's license of the shared car driver and each other person, if any, who will operate the shared car.

   ‑10 Responsibility for equipment and shared car. (a) A peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall have sole responsibility for any equipment, such as a global positioning system or other special equipment that is put in or on the shared car to monitor or facilitate the car-sharing transaction, and shall agree to indemnify and hold harmless the shared car owner or shared car driver for any damage to or theft of the equipment during the car-sharing period not caused by the shared car owner or shared car driver. The peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall have the right to seek indemnity from the shared car driver for any loss or damage to the equipment that occurs during the sharing period.

(b) No peer-to-peer car-sharing program or shared car owner shall require a shared car driver to make an advance deposit in any form, including an advance charge against the credit card of a shared car driver, for damages to a shared car occurring during the car-sharing period. No peer-to-peer car-sharing program or shared car owner shall require any payment for damages to a shared car occurring during the car-sharing period until after the cost to repair shared car damages and liability therefor is agreed to by the shared car driver or is determined pursuant to law.

   ‑11 Motor vehicle safety recalls. (a) At the time when a vehicle owner registers as a shared car owner on a peer-to-peer car-sharing program and prior to the time when the shared car owner makes a shared car available for car-sharing on the peer-to-peer car-sharing program, the peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall:

(1) Verify that no safety recalls exist for the make and model of the shared car for which repairs have not been made;

(2) Notify the shared car owner of the requirements under subsection (b); and

(3) Verify every seventy-two hours that any vehicle available for use through a peer-to-peer car-sharing program is not subject to an open safety recall for which repairs have not been made.

(b) A shared car owner shall:

(1) Not make the shared car available for use through a peer-to-peer car-sharing program if the shared car owner has received notice of a safety recall on the shared car, until the safety repair has been made;

(2) Remove any vehicle listed for use through a peer-to-peer car-sharing program upon receipt of notice of a safety recall as soon as practicably possible but no longer than forty-eight hours after receipt of notice of a safety recall; and

(3) Notify the peer-to-peer car-sharing program of a safety recall within forty-eight hours of receipt of a safety recall when the vehicle is in the possession of a shared car driver so that the peer-to-peer car-sharing program may notify the shared car driver and the shared car may be removed from use until the shared car owner effects the necessary safety recall repair.

   ‑12 Relation to other laws. Chapter 437D shall not apply to peer-to-peer car-sharing.

   ‑13 Department of transportation; airports division; contract or agreement; rules. A peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall enter into a contract or other agreement with the airports division of the department of transportation pursuant to section 261-7(a) prior to operating at any airport in the State. A peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall comply with all rules of the airports division of the department of transportation.

   ‑14 Additional mandatory charges prohibited. The daily and periodic cost to the shared car driver shall include the amount of each charge that is required as a condition to the peer-to-peer car-sharing program agreement. The peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall disclose any quotations of price, including all quotations contained in advertising or through online quotations and all payments that a shared car driver is required to make, as part of the car-sharing program agreement.

   -15 Civil penalties. Any person who violates or attempts to violate any provision of this chapter shall be deemed to have engaged in an unfair or deceptive act or practice in the conduct of trade or commerce within the meaning of section 480-2."

SECTION 2. Chapter 251, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:

"251-    Peer-to-peer car-sharing surcharge tax. (a) There is levied, assessed, and collected each month a peer-to-peer car-sharing surcharge tax of $           per day, or any portion of a day that a shared car is shared pursuant to a car-sharing program agreement.

(b) The peer-to-peer car-sharing program shall be responsible for collecting and remitting the surcharge tax to the department, which shall deposit all of the moneys from the surcharge tax into the state highway fund established by section 248-8.

(c) For purposes of this section:

"Car-sharing program agreement" has the same meaning as in section    ‑1.

"Peer-to-peer car-sharing program" has the same meaning as in section    ‑1.

"Shared car" has the same meaning as in section    -1."

SECTION 3. New statutory material is underscored.

SECTION 4. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2050.


 


 

Report Title:

Peer-to-Peer Car-Sharing; Authorized; DOT; Surcharge Tax; State Highway Fund

 

Description:

Authorizes and regulates peer-to-peer car-sharing. Effective 7/1/2050. (HD2)

 

 

 

The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.