HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
THIRTIETH LEGISLATURE, 2020
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO ANIMAL FUR PRODUCTS.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that animals were historically hunted and trapped for food, and their pelts were used to provide protective clothing. Over time, clothing technology has developed, making fur a luxury item, rather than a necessity. Fur garments are typically designed for fashion rather than for warmth, and more animals are now killed to make decorative fur trim than to manufacture full fur garments. Due to serious animal welfare concerns, more and more countries are phasing out fur farming and enacting fur farming bans.
The legislature recognizes that more than one hundred million animals are violently killed every year solely for their fur. More than eighty-five per cent of pelts in the world's fur trade come from fur farms, while the remaining fifteen per cent of pelts are from animals trapped in the wild. The legislature finds that, especially in light of the wide array of faux fur and other fashion and apparel alternatives, the demand for fur products does not justify the cruel treatment and unnecessary killing of animals. Eliminating the sale of fur products in Hawaii will foster a more humane environment in the State.
The legislature further finds that fur farming can be damaging to the environment and contributes to water and air pollution in multiple ways. Fur farming often involves the use of toxic chemicals, including chromium and formaldehyde, which can seep into ground water and other water sources. For each kilogram of factory-farmed mink fur produced, one hundred and ten kilograms of carbon dioxide are released into the atmosphere. Fur farming also consumes significant quantities of energy and water; producing a real fur garment uses more than fifteen times the energy needed to produce a faux fur garment.
The legislature acknowledges that existing laws provide relatively little oversight of the fur farming and fur trade industries. Compliance with guidelines issued by the American Veterinary Medical Association is not mandatory, and fur farms are not monitored or inspected by any government agency. Federal laws:
(1) Prohibit the import or export of dog or cat fur products into the Unites States;
(2) Prohibit the introduction of dog or cat fur products into interstate commerce;
(3) Forbid deceptive labeling of fur products; and
(4) Require products made with real fur to be properly labeled.
Those requirements allow consumers to choose whether to purchase real or faux fur garments.
Accordingly, the purpose of this Act is to prohibit the manufacture or sale of certain animal fur products in the State.
SECTION 2. The Hawaii Revised Statutes is amended by adding a new chapter to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
animal fur products
§ -1 Definitions As used in this chapter:
"Director" means the director of commerce and consumer affairs or the director's designee.
"Fur" means any animal skin or part thereof with hair, fleece, or fur fibers attached thereto, either in its raw or processed state.
"Fur product" means any article of clothing or covering for any part of the body, or any fashion accessory, including but not limited to handbags, shoes, slippers, hats, earmuffs, scarves, shawls, gloves, jewelry, keychains, toys or trinkets, or home accessories and décor that is made in whole or in part of fur; provided that "fur product" does not include any of the following:
(1) A dog or cat fur product, as defined in title 19 United States Code section 1308;
(2) An animal skin or part thereof that is to be converted into leather, or which in processing will have the hair, fleece, or fur fiber completely removed;
(3) Cowhide with the hair attached thereto;
(4) Lambskin or sheepskin with the fleece attached thereto; or
(5) The pelt or skin of any animal that is preserved through taxidermy or for the purpose of taxidermy.
"Nonprofit organization" means any entity organized under title 26 United States Code section 501(c)(3) for charitable, religious, philanthropic, educational, or similar purposes.
"Taxidermy" means the practice of preparing and preserving the skin of an animal that is deceased and stuffing and mounting it in lifelike form.
"Used fur product" means a fur product which has been worn or used by an ultimate consumer.
§ -2 Manufacture of animal fur products for sale prohibited; exemption. (a) It shall be unlawful to manufacture fur products in the State for the purpose of sale.
(b) The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply to the manufacture of fur products using fur sourced exclusively from used fur products.
§ -3 Sale of animal fur products prohibited; exemption. (a) It shall be unlawful to sell, offer for sale, display for sale, trade, or otherwise distribute for monetary or nonmonetary consideration, a fur product in the State.
(b) The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply to the sale, offer for sale, display for sale, trade, gift, or other distribution of:
(1) A used fur product by a private party, excluding a retail transaction, or a nonprofit organization or secondhand store, including a pawn shop;
(2) A fur product required for use in the practice of a religion;
(3) A fur product used for traditional tribal, cultural, or spiritual purposes by a member of a federally recognized Native American tribe; or
(4) A fur product where the activity is expressly authorized by federal law.
§ -4 Penalties; administrative fines. (a) Any person who violates this chapter or any rule adopted pursuant to this chapter shall receive a citation from the director stating the violation.
(b) Each individual fur product violating section -1 or -2 on each day that a violation is committed or permitted to continue, shall constitute a separate violation of this chapter.
(c) A person who receives a citation from the director shall have twenty-four hours from receipt of the citation, or such greater time as deemed reasonable by the director under the circumstances, to correct or otherwise remedy the violation before the imposition of administrative fines.
(d) A person who receives a citation from the director and who fails to correct or otherwise remedy the violation shall be fined:
(1) Not more than $500 for a first violation;
(2) Not more than $750 for a second violation within one year of the date of the first violation; and
(3) Not more than $1,000 for each additional violation within one year of the date of a second or subsequent violation.
(e) The director may recover any costs and fees, including but not limited to attorney's fees, for specific enforcement actions pursuant to this chapter.
§ -5 Rules. The director shall adopt rules pursuant to chapter 91 as necessary for the purposes of this chapter."
SECTION 3. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.
SECTION 4. If any provision of this Act, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of the Act that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this Act are severable.
SECTION 5. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2050.
Animal Fur Products; Manufacture and Sale; Prohibition
Prohibits the manufacture and sale of animal fur products, with certain exceptions. Takes effect on 7/1/2050. (HD1)
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.