H.B. NO.



H.D. 1

















SECTION 1. The purpose of this part is to amend Act 168, Session Laws of Hawaii 2012, as amended, and extend its repeal date.

SECTION 2. Act 168, Session Laws of Hawaii 2012, section 2, as amended by Act 143, Session Laws of Hawaii 2019, section 3, is amended by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:

"(b) An electric vehicle on which an electric vehicle license plate is affixed shall be exempt from payment of parking fees, including those collected through parking meters, charged by any state or county authority in this State, except that this exemption shall not apply:

(1) For more than two and one-half hours of metered parking, or the maximum amount of time the meter allows, whichever is longer; [or

(2) To parking fees assessed in increments longer than one twenty-four-hour day, including weekly, monthly, or annual parking permits.]

(2) For non-metered parking stalls, for any period longer than the initial four hours of use of the parking stall; or

(3) To any parking at any airport in the State."

SECTION 3. Act 168, Session Laws of Hawaii 2012, as amended by Act 143, Session Laws of Hawaii 2019, section 3, is amended by amending section 4 to read as follows:

"SECTION 4. This Act shall take effect upon its approval and shall be repealed [on June 30, 2020.] when ten per cent of the registered passenger vehicles in the State are registered as electric vehicles as defined in section 291-71, Hawaii Revised Statutes."


SECTION 4. Chapter 291, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending the title of part IV to read as follows:


SECTION 5. Chapter 291, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new sections to part IV to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:

"291-    Enforcement. Each county may adopt ordinances to enforce the requirements of section 291-71, including the establishment of penalties for failure to comply or to make reasonable efforts to maintain electric vehicle charging stations in working order."

SECTION 6. Section 291-71, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:

"291-71 Designation of parking spaces for electric vehicles; charging system. (a) Places of public accommodation with at least one hundred parking spaces available for use by the general public shall have at least one parking space exclusively for electric vehicles and equipped with an electric vehicle charging system located anywhere in the parking structure or lot by July 1, 2012; provided that no parking space designated for electric vehicles shall displace or reduce accessible stalls required by the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines. Spaces shall be designated, clearly marked, and the exclusive designation enforced. Owners of multiple parking facilities within the State may designate and electrify fewer parking spaces than required in one or more of their owned properties; provided that the scheduled requirement is met for the total number of aggregate spaces on all of their owned properties.

(b) Effective            , each new electric vehicle charging system installed or placed in service pursuant to this section shall be at least a level 2 charging station that is capable of connecting to the internet.

(c) Reasonable efforts shall be made to maintain electric vehicle charging systems in working order.

[(b)] (d) For the purposes of this section:

"Electric vehicle" means:

(1) A neighborhood electric vehicle as defined in section 286-2;

(2) A vehicle, with four or more wheels, that draws propulsion energy from a battery with at least four kilowatt hours of energy storage capacity that can be recharged from an external source of electricity; or

(3) A fuel cell electric vehicle.

"Electric vehicle charging system" means a system that:

(1) Is capable of providing electricity from a non-vehicle source to charge the batteries of one or more electric vehicles;

(2) Meets recognized standards, including standard SAE J1772 of SAE International; and

(3) Is designed and installed in compliance with article 625 of the National Electrical Code;

provided that the term shall not include facilities or systems for refueling the hydrogen storage tank of a fuel cell electric vehicle.

"Fuel cell electric vehicle" means a zero-emission electric vehicle that uses a fuel cell to convert hydrogen gas and oxygen into electricity that is used in a vehicle powertrain for propulsion.

"Level 2 charging station" shall have the same meaning as "alternating current Level 2 charging station" in section 269-72.

"Place of public accommodation" has the same meaning as that provided in section 489-2."

SECTION 7. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.

SECTION 8. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.

SECTION 9. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2050.

Report Title:

Electric Vehicle; Charging Stations; Parking Fee Exemption; Airports; Enforcement.



Limits electric vehicles' (EV) parking fee exemption to four hours. Excludes airports from the EV parking fee exemption. Extends sunset date of Act 168, Session Laws of Hawaii 2012, until EVs are 10 percent of registered vehicles in the State. Requires certain places of public accommodation to make reasonable efforts to maintain EV charging stations in working order. Requires new EV charging systems installed pursuant to the EV charging system requirement to be at least Level 2 and network capable. Effective 7/1/2050. (HD1)




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