HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
THIRTIETH LEGISLATURE, 2019
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO REMOTE TESTIMONY IN LEGISLATIVE HEARINGS.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that as an island state, Hawaii's geography poses particular challenges for residents of the counties of Hawaii, Kauai, and Maui to actively participate in the legislative process by testifying in person in committee hearings. Although legislative committees accept written testimony via electronic means, presenting in-person, face-to-face testimony before the legislature is costly and time-consuming for neighbor island residents and others who reside far from the state capitol.
Neighbor island residents who physically attend legislative committee hearings to testify on measures and actively engage in the legislative process incur significant air travel and other transportation costs, and in some instances, lodging costs. For these individuals, providing testimony to the legislature in person often means taking time off from work.
The legislature recognizes the necessity of expanding opportunities for neighbor island residents and other individuals to enable them to actively participate in the legislative process and weigh in on issues. The legislature also recognizes that face-to-face public testimony can have a significant impact on legislators and the media and that enabling the public to provide live, real-time remote testimony will improve citizen participation in and public access to the legislative process.
The legislature further finds that as technology evolves, other state governments have implemented remote committee hearings to bridge the distance between testifiers and legislative committees. In 1978, Alaska established a teleconference network and began holding remote hearings for residents. In 2014, more than four thousand citizens of Alaska participated remotely in five thousand hours of legislative teleconferences. In Nevada, only about two per cent of the state's population lives in the capital city of Carson City, while seventy-six per cent live in the Las Vegas metro area, about four hundred miles away. The Nevada Legislature began videoconference hearings between the two cities in 1991. Between 1997 and 2014 the Nevada Legislature videoconferenced 3,294 hearings.
The purpose of this Act is to:
(1) Establish the remote legislative access program within the legislature's public access program, to be supervised by the joint legislative access committee; and
(2) Require each house of the legislature to establish procedures and necessary information infrastructure for the public to present oral testimony at legislative committee hearings through remote testimony.
SECTION 2. Chapter 21G, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
"§21G- Remote legislative access program. (a) There is established in the state capitol a remote legislative access program that shall become part of the legislature's public access program.
(b) The remote legislative access program shall be supervised by the joint legislative access committee established pursuant to section 21D-6. When establishing the remote legislative access program, the committee shall:
(1) Seek advice and recommendations from experts with knowledge in remote communications, including the chief information officer of the office of enterprise technology services;
(2) Seek advice and recommendations from the disability and communication access board, and county council of each respective county in implementing the program; and
(3) Consider other States with successful remote communications access programs.
(c) The joint legislative access committee shall also consider different methods of communication, including teleconferencing and videoconferencing, and different technologies, which are capable of accommodating individuals with visual or hearing impairments, to administer the program.
(d) Each house of the legislature shall establish, by rule, procedures that enable:
(1) The legislature to use remote testimony at legislative committee hearings; and
(2) The public to present oral testimony at legislative committee hearings through remote testimony.
(e) As used in this section, "remote testimony" means the use of video conferencing or other technology that facilitates interaction between the public and members of the legislature and enables the public to submit oral testimony remotely via the Internet or other telecommunications technology during legislative hearings and proceedings."
SECTION 3. Section 21D-6, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
§21D-6 Joint legislative access committee.[ ]] There is established the joint legislative
access committee which shall be composed of members of the legislature. The president of the senate and the speaker
of the house of representatives shall each appoint a co-chair and two members
or more to the committee, one of whom shall be a member of the minority party.
The committee shall:
(1) Oversee the staff
and operations of the legislative broadcast project, and recommend policies for
the project, which shall be adopted by concurrent resolution; [
(2) Oversee the staff and operations of the remote legislative access program, and recommend policies for the program, which shall be adopted in accordance with section 21G‑ ; and
(2)] (3) Review the operations of the public access
room, legislative internet project, remote legislative access program,
and other public access projects of the legislature and recommend policies for
these projects to the president of the senate and the speaker of the house of
SECTION 4. There is appropriated out of the general revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $ or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2019-2020 and the sum of $ or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2020-2021 to carry out the purposes of this Act.
The sums appropriated shall be expended by the department of accounting and general services for the purposes of this Act.
SECTION 5. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 6. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2022.
Remote Testimony; Remote Legislative Access Program; Legislature; Committee Hearings; Appropriation
Establishes the remote legislative access program, to be supervised by the joint legislative access committee. Specific requirements that the joint legislative access committee must consider when developing the program. Requires each house of the Legislature to establish, by rule, procedures for the public to present oral testimony at legislative committee hearings through remote testimony. Appropriates funds. Effective 7/1/2022. (SD1)
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.