HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

H.B. NO.

1100

THIRTIETH LEGISLATURE, 2019

 

STATE OF HAWAII

 

 

 

 

 

 

A BILL FOR AN ACT

 

 

RELATING TO emergency access to shelter.

 

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 


PART I

SECTION 1. While it is the policy of the legislature to encourage the private sector to assist in emergencies or disasters, the legislature finds that there is an added need to encourage the private sector to assist in providing emergency shelter during emergencies or disasters. In many cases, private entities are reluctant to make facilities or property available for use as a shelter because of liability concerns.

The purpose of this part is to prohibit the denial of emergency shelter by public establishments, compensate owners of public establishments to repair damages caused by persons sheltered, and clarify that public establishments and their agents and employees are protected from liability when providing emergency shelter.

SECTION 2. Chapter 127A, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:

"127A- Public establishments; prohibition against denial of shelter. (a) Whenever the State, or any portion thereof, is the subject of any emergency alert that advises the public to immediately seek shelter, including an alert of an incoming missile, no public establishment shall deny shelter to any person who is inside the public establishment or who is in the immediate vicinity of the public establishment. This prohibition does not extend to pets.

(b) The prohibition under subsection (a) shall remain in effect until a federal, state, or county emergency management official advises the public that the emergency condition no longer exists and that it is safe to resume normal activities.

(c) Except in cases of wilful misconduct, gross negligence, or recklessness, no public establishment or any employee or agent of an establishment that provides shelter pursuant to subsection (a) shall be civilly liable for the death of or injury to persons, or property damage, that results from any act or omission in the course of providing shelter.

(d) Any owner of a public establishment shall be financially compensated or reimbursed by the State to the extent necessary to repair any documented property damage to that owner's public establishment, its contents, or both, that is caused by any person who sought shelter at the public establishment during the emergency alert.

(e) A complaint involving an alleged violation of subsection (a) shall be made directly to the department of the attorney general.

(f) The department of the attorney general shall investigate complaints involving public establishments that have allegedly denied shelter to persons, in violation of this section.

(g) As used in this section:

"Owner" has the same meaning as in section 663-10.7.

"Public establishment" means a business, accommodation, refreshment, entertainment, recreation, or transportation facility of any kind that is constructed with concrete and whose goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations are extended, offered, sold, or otherwise made

available to the general public as customers, clients, or

visitors. "Public establishment" includes any:

(1) Facility providing services relating to travel or transportation;

(2) Inn, hotel, motel, or other establishment that provides lodging to transient guests;

(3) Restaurant, cafeteria, lunchroom, lunch counter, soda fountain, or other facility principally engaged in selling food for consumption on the premises of a retail establishment;

(4) Shopping center or any establishment that sells goods or services at retail;

(5) Establishment licensed under chapter 281 doing business under a class 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, or 12 license, as defined in section 281-31;

(6) Motion picture theater, other theater, auditorium, convention center, lecture hall, concert hall, sports arena, stadium, or other place of exhibition or entertainment;

(7) Barber shop, beauty shop, bathhouse, swimming pool, gymnasium, reducing or massage salon, or other establishment conducted to improve the physical fitness, appearance, or physical condition of persons;

(8) Park, campsite, trailer facility, or other recreation facility;

(9) Comfort station;

(10) Mortuary or undertaking establishment; and

(11) Establishment that is physically located within the premises of an establishment otherwise covered by this definition, or within the premises of which is physically located a covered establishment, and that holds itself out as serving patrons of the covered establishment.

"Public establishment" excludes any hospital or health care

facility."

PART II

SECTION 3. The legislature finds that section 663-10.7, Hawaii Revised Statutes, exempts a private property owner from civil liability for injury or damage that occurs when the owner provides emergency access to land, shelter, or subsistence to a person during a disaster; provided that the owner provides assistance without remuneration or expectation of remuneration. The false alert of an inbound ballistic missile on January 13, 2018, raised the issue that this protection may not apply to certain businesses because the persons being sheltered there may be paying guests or tenants. The legislature finds that there is a need to clarify that the remuneration paid to these property owners does not disqualify them from the protections afforded under the law.

The false alert also raised the issue that there may be circumstances where emergency access to land, shelter, or subsistence is provided to the public by owners of private facilities or properties who are also in the business of selling services or commodities and that liability protection may not apply to these owners if they attempt to sell services or incidental commodities to those people during a disaster. The legislature finds that there is a need to clarify that during a disaster, the owner of private property providing emergency access to land, shelter, or subsistence may sell services or incidental commodities during the property's use in a disaster. The purpose of this part is to clarify that remuneration or expectation of remuneration paid to owners of private property for goods or services other than emergency access to land, shelter, or subsistence, including services or incidental commodities to the emergency access, does not void the exemption from civil liability afforded to these owners, except where owners increase the sale price of incidental commodities.

SECTION 4. Section 663-10.7, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:

"[[]663-10.7[]] Exemption for providing emergency access to land, shelter, and subsistence during a disaster. (a) Any owner of private property who in good faith provides emergency access to land, shelter, or subsistence, including food and water, to a person during a disaster without remuneration or expectation of remuneration[,] for the emergency access to land, shelter, or subsistence shall be exempt from civil liability for any injury or damage suffered by the person that resulted from the owner providing [such] the emergency access to land, shelter, or subsistence, unless the injury or damage was caused by the gross negligence or intentional or wanton acts or omissions of the owner.

(b) If an owner of private property, while providing a person with emergency access to land, shelter, or subsistence without remuneration or expectation of remuneration for the emergency access, receives any remuneration for providing the person with a service or incidental commodity during the disaster, that remuneration shall not diminish or void the exemption from civil liability under subsection (a); provided that if the owner of the private property increases the sale price of any service or incidental commodity, whether at retail or wholesale, on the private property during the disaster, the exemption from liability shall be void.

[(b)] (c) For the purposes of this section:

"Disaster" means a nonroutine event that exceeds the capacity of persons in the affected area to respond to it in such a way as to save lives, preserve property, or [to] maintain the social, ecological, economic, or political stability of the affected area.

"Emergency" means a situation in which the life or health of a person is in jeopardy due to a disaster requiring immediate assistance.

"Incidental commodity" means any good necessary for the health, safety, and welfare of the people of Hawaii that is not emergency access to land, shelter, or subsistence but is incidental to the emergency access to land, shelter, or subsistence. "Incidental commodity" includes materials, merchandise, supplies, equipment, resources, and other articles of commerce, including food, water, ice, medication, chemicals, or petroleum products.

"Owner" means the possessor of a fee interest, or a tenant, lessee, occupant, person, group, club, partnership, family, organization, entity, or corporation that has control, possession, or use of the land, and its members, agents, partners, representatives, shareholders, and employees."

PART III

SECTION 5. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.

SECTION 6. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.

SECTION 7. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.

 

INTRODUCED BY:

_____________________________

 

 


 


 

Report Title:

Emergencies; Disasters; Public Establishments; Shelter; Civil Liability Exemption

 

Description:

Prohibits public establishments from denying shelter to any person when an emergency alert advises the public to immediately seek shelter. Clarifies that remuneration or expectation of remuneration paid to owners of private property for goods or services other than emergency access to land, shelter, or subsistence, including services or incidental commodities to the emergency access, does not void the exemption from civil liability afforded to these owners except where owners increase the sale price of the service or incidental commodities.

 

 

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