THE SENATE

S.B. NO.

2129

TWENTY-NINTH LEGISLATURE, 2018

 

STATE OF HAWAII

 

 

 

 

 

 

A BILL FOR AN ACT

 

 

relating to virtual currency.

 

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 


SECTION 1. The Hawaii Revised Statutes is amended by adding a new chapter to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:

"Chapter

uniform regulation of virtual currency businesses act

PART I. GENERAL PROVISIONS

   -1 Short title. This chapter shall be known and cited as the Uniform Regulation of Virtual Currency Businesses Act.

   -2 Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:

"Applicant" means a person that applies for a license under this chapter.

"Bank" means a federally chartered or state chartered depository institution or holder of a charter granted by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency to a person engaged in the business of banking other than accepting deposits. "Bank" does not include:

(1) An industrial loan company, state chartered trust company, or a limited purpose trust company unless the division has authorized the company to engage in virtual currency business activity; or

(2) A trust company or limited purpose trust company chartered by a state with which this State does not have a reciprocity agreement governing trust company activities.

"Control" means:

(1) When used in reference to a transaction or relationship involving virtual currency, power to execute unilaterally or prevent indefinitely a virtual currency transaction; and

(2) When used in reference to a person, the direct or indirect power to direct the management, operations, or policies of the person through legal or beneficial ownership of voting power in the person or under a contract, arrangement, or understanding.

"Division" means the division of financial institutions of the department of commerce and consumer affairs.

"Exchange", used as a verb, means to assume control of virtual currency from or on behalf of a resident, at least momentarily, to sell, trade, or convert:

(1) Virtual currency for legal tender, bank credit, or one or more forms of virtual currency; or

(2) Legal tender or bank credit for one or more forms of virtual currency.

"Executive officer" means an individual who is a director, officer, manager, managing member, partner, or trustee of a person that is not an individual.

"Insolvent" means:

(1) Having generally ceased to pay debts in the ordinary course of business other than as a result of a bona fide dispute;

(2) Being unable to pay debts as they become due; or

(3) Being insolvent within the meaning of federal bankruptcy law.

"Legal tender" means a medium of exchange or unit of value, including the coin or paper money of the United States, issued by the United States or by another government.

"Licensee" means a person licensed under this chapter.

"Person" means an individual, partnership, estate, business or nonprofit entity, or other legal entity. "Person" does not include a public corporation, government, or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality.

"Reciprocity agreement" means an arrangement between the division and the appropriate licensing agency of another state that permits a licensee operating under a license granted by the other state to engage in virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident.

"Record" means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or stored in an electronic or other medium, and is retrievable in perceivable form.

"Registrant" means a person that has registered with this State in accordance with section    -27 to conduct virtual currency business activity.

"Registration" means the ability, pursuant to section    ‑27, to conduct virtual currency business activity.

"Registry" means the Nationwide Multistate Licensing System and Registry.

"Resident":

(1) Means a person that:

(A) Is domiciled in this State;

(B) Is physically located in this State for more than one hundred eighty-three days of the previous three hundred sixty-five days; or

(C) Has a place of business in this State; and

(2) Includes a legal representative of a person that satisfies paragraph (1).

"Responsible individual" means an individual who has managerial authority with respect to a licensee's or registrant's virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident.

"Sign" means, with present intent to authenticate or adopt a record, to:

(1) Execute or adopt a tangible symbol; or

(2) Attach to or logically associate with the record an electronic symbol, sound, or process.

"State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.

"Store", "storage", or "storing", except in the phrase "store of value", means to maintain control of virtual currency on behalf of a resident by a person other than the resident.

"Transfer" means to assume control of virtual currency from or on behalf of a resident and to:

(1) Credit the virtual currency to the account of another person;

(2) Move the virtual currency from one account of a resident to another account of the same resident; or

(3) Relinquish control of virtual currency to another person.

"United States dollar equivalent of virtual currency" means the equivalent value of a particular virtual currency in United States dollars shown on a virtual currency exchange based in the United States for a particular date or period specified in this chapter.

"Virtual currency" means a digital representation of value that is used as a medium of exchange, unit of account, or store of value, and is not legal tender, regardless of whether denominated in legal tender. "Virtual currency" does not include:

(1) A transaction in which a merchant grants, as part of an affinity or rewards program, value that cannot be taken from or exchanged with the merchant for legal tender, bank credit, or virtual currency; or

(2) A digital representation of value issued by or on behalf of a publisher and used solely within an online game, game platform, or family of games sold by the same publisher or offered on the same game platform.

"Virtual currency administration" means issuing virtual currency with the authority to redeem the currency for legal tender, bank credit, or other virtual currency.

"Virtual currency business activity" means:

(1) Exchanging, transferring, or storing virtual currency, or engaging in virtual currency administration, whether directly or through an agreement with a virtual currency control services vendor;

(2) Holding electronic precious metals or electronic certificates representing interests in precious metals on behalf of another person or issuing shares or electronic certificates representing interests in precious metals; or

(3) Exchanging one or more digital representations of value used within one or more online games, game platforms, or family of games for:

(A) Virtual currency offered by or on behalf of the same publisher from which the original digital representation of value was received; or

(B) Legal tender or bank credit outside the online game, game platform, or family of games offered by or on behalf of the same publisher from which the original digital representation of value was received.

"Virtual currency control services vendor" means a person that has control of virtual currency solely under an agreement with a person that, on behalf of another person, assumes control of virtual currency.

   -3 Scope. (a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) or (c), this chapter governs the virtual currency business activity of a person, wherever located, that engages in or holds itself out as engaging in the activity with or on behalf of a resident.

(b) This chapter shall not apply to the exchange, transfer, or storage of virtual currency or to virtual currency administration to the extent that the Electronic Fund Transfer Act of 1978 (15 U.S.C. 1693 through 1693r), as amended; the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78a through 78oo), as amended; the Commodities Exchange Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 1 through 27f), as amended; or chapters 467B, 482E, and 485A govern the activity. This chapter shall not apply to activity by:

(1) The United States, a state, political subdivision of a state, agency or instrumentality of federal, state, or local government, or a foreign government or a subdivision, department, agency, or instrumentality of a foreign government;

(2) A bank;

(3) A person engaged in money transmission that:

(A) Holds a license under chapter 489D;

(B) Is authorized by the division to engage in virtual currency business activity; and

(C) Complies with parts II, III, V, and VI;

(4) A person whose participation in a payment system is limited to providing processing, clearing, or performing settlement services solely for transactions between or among persons that are exempt from the licensing or registration requirements of this chapter;

(5) A person engaged in the business of dealing in foreign exchange to the extent the person's activity meets the definition in title 31 Code of Federal Regulations section 1010.605(f)(1)(iv), as amended;

(6) A person that:

(A) Contributes only connectivity software or computing power to a decentralized virtual currency, or to a protocol governing transfer of the digital representation of value;

(B) Provides only data storage or security services for a business engaged in virtual currency business activity and does not otherwise engage in virtual currency business activity on behalf of another person; or

(C) Provides only to a person otherwise exempt from this chapter virtual currency as one or more enterprise solutions used solely among each other and has no agreement or relationship with a resident that is an end user of virtual currency;

(7) A person using virtual currency, including creating, investing, buying or selling, or obtaining virtual currency as payment for the purchase or sale of goods or services, solely:

(A) On its own behalf;

(B) For personal, family, or household purposes; or

(C) For academic purposes;

(8) A person whose virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of residents is reasonably expected to be valued, in the aggregate, on an annual basis at $5,000 or less, measured by the United States dollar equivalent of virtual currency;

(9) An attorney to the extent of providing escrow services to a resident;

(10) A title insurance company to the extent of providing escrow services to a resident;

(11) A securities intermediary, as defined in section 490:8-102, or a commodity intermediary, as defined in section 490:9-102, that:

(A) Does not engage in the ordinary course of business in virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident in addition to maintaining securities accounts or commodity accounts and is regulated as a securities intermediary or commodity intermediary under federal law, law of this State other than this chapter, or law of another state; and

(B) Affords a resident protection comparable to those set forth in section    -52;

(12) A secured creditor under article 9 of chapter 490 or creditor with a judicial lien or lien arising by operation of law on collateral that is virtual currency, if the virtual currency business activity of the creditor is limited to enforcement of the security interest in compliance with article 9 of chapter 490 or the lien in compliance with the law applicable to the lien;

(13) A virtual currency control services vendor; or

(14) A person that:

(A) Does not receive compensation from a resident for:

(i) Providing virtual currency products or services; or

(ii) Conducting virtual currency business activity; or

(B) Is engaged in testing products or services with the person's own funds.

(c) The division may determine that a person or class of persons, given facts particular to the person or class, should be exempt from this chapter, whether the person or class is covered by requirements imposed under federal law on a money service business.

   -4 Supplementary law. Except as otherwise provided by this chapter, the principles of law and equity shall supplement this chapter.

PART II. LICENSURE

   -21 Conditions precedent to engaging in virtual currency business activity. A person shall not engage in virtual currency business activity, or hold itself out as being able to engage in virtual currency business activity, with or on behalf of a resident, unless the person is:

(1) Licensed in this State by the division under section    -22;

(2) Licensed in another state to conduct virtual currency business activity by a state with which this State has a reciprocity agreement and has qualified under section    -23;

(3) Registered with the division and operating in compliance with section    -27; or

(4) Exempt from licensure or registration under this chapter pursuant to section    -3(b) or (c).

   -22 License by application. (a) Except as otherwise provided in section    -23, an application for a license under this chapter:

(1) Shall be made in a form and medium prescribed by the division or the registry;

(2) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b), shall provide the following information relevant to the applicant's proposed virtual currency business activity:

(A) The legal name of the applicant, each current or proposed business United States Postal Service address of the applicant, and any fictitious or trade name the applicant uses or plans to use in conducting its virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident;

(B) The legal name, any former or fictitious name, and the residential and business United States Postal Service address of each executive officer and responsible individual of the applicant, and each person that has control of the applicant;

(C) A description of the current and former business of the applicant for the five years before the application is submitted or, if the business has operated for less than five years, for the time the business has operated, including its products and services, associated website addresses and social media pages, principal place of business, projected user base, and specific marketing targets;

(D) The name, United States Postal Service address, and telephone number of a person that manages each server the applicant expects to use in conducting its virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident and a copy of any agreement with that person;

(E) A list of:

(i) Each money service or money transmitter license the applicant holds in another state;

(ii) The date the license expires; and

(iii) Any license revocation, license suspension, or other disciplinary action taken against the licensee in another state and any license applications rejected by another state;

(F) A list of any criminal conviction, deferred prosecution agreement, and pending criminal proceeding in any jurisdiction against:

(i) The applicant;

(ii) Each executive officer of the applicant;

(iii) Each responsible individual of the applicant;

(iv) Each person that has control over the applicant; and

(v) Each person over which the applicant has control;

(G) A list of any litigation, arbitration, or administrative proceeding in any jurisdiction in which the applicant, or an executive officer or a responsible individual of the applicant, has been a party for the five years before the application is submitted, determined to be material in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and, to the extent the applicant would be required to disclose the litigation, arbitration, or administrative proceeding in the applicant's audited financial statements, reports to equity owners, and similar statements or reports;

(H) A list of any bankruptcy or receivership proceeding in any jurisdiction for the ten years before the application is submitted in which any of the following was a debtor:

(i) The applicant;

(ii) Each executive officer of the applicant;

(iii) Each responsible individual of the applicant;

(iv) Each person that has control over the applicant; and

(v) Each person over which the applicant has control;

(I) The name and United States Postal Service address of each bank in which the applicant plans to deposit funds obtained by its virtual currency business activity;

(J) The source of funds and credit to be used by the applicant to conduct virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident and documentation demonstrating that the applicant has the net worth and reserves required by section    -24;

(K) The United States Postal Service address and electronic mail address to which communications from the division may be sent;

(L) The name, United States Postal Service address, and electronic mail address of the registered agent of the applicant in this State;

(M) A copy of the certificate, or a detailed summary acceptable to the division, of coverage for each liability, casualty, business interruption, or cybersecurity insurance policy maintained by the applicant for itself, an executive officer, a responsible individual, or the applicant's users;

(N) The date on which and the state where the applicant is formed and a copy of a current certificate of good standing by that state, if applicable;

(O) If a person has control of the applicant and the person's equity interests are publicly traded in the United States, a copy of the audited financial statement of the person for the most recent fiscal year or most recent report of the person filed under section 13 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m), as amended;

(P) If a person has control of the applicant and the person's equity interests are publicly traded outside the United States, a copy of the audited financial statement of the person for the most recent fiscal year of the person or a copy of the most recent documentation similar to that required in subparagraph (O) filed with the foreign regulator in the domicile of the person;

(Q) If the applicant is a partnership or a member-managed limited liability company, the names and United States Postal Service addresses of general partners or members;

(R) If the applicant is required to register with the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network of the United States Department of the Treasury as a money service business, evidence of the registration;

(S) A set of fingerprints for each executive officer and responsible individual of the applicant;

(T) If available, for each executive officer and responsible individual of the applicant, for the five years before the application is submitted:

(i) Employment history; and

(ii) History of any investigation of the individual or legal proceeding to which the individual was a party;

(U) The plans through which the applicant will meet its obligations under part VI; and

(V) Other information the division reasonably requires by rules adopted pursuant to chapter 91; and

(3) Shall be accompanied by a nonrefundable fee in the amount specified by rules adopted by the division pursuant to chapter 91.

(b) The division may waive a requirement under subsection (a) or permit the applicant to submit other information instead of the required information for good cause.

(c) An application for a license under this section is not complete until the division receives all information required by this chapter and completes its investigation under subsection (d).

(d) On receipt of a completed application:

(1) The division shall investigate:

(A) The financial condition and responsibility of the applicant;

(B) The relevant financial and business experience, character, and general fitness of the applicant; and

(C) The competence, experience, character, and general fitness of each executive officer, each responsible individual, and any person that has control of the applicant; and

(2) The division may conduct an investigation of the business premises of an applicant.

(e) No later than thirty days after an application is complete, the division shall send the applicant notice of its decision to approve, conditionally approve, or deny the application. If the division does not send the applicant notice of its decision within thirty-one days of completion of the application, the application is deemed denied. If the division does not receive notice from the applicant that the applicant accepts the conditions specified by the division within thirty-one days following the division's notice of the conditions, the application is deemed denied.

(f) A license takes effect on:

(1) The date on which the division issues the license; or

(2) The date the licensee provides the security required by section    -24,

whichever occurs later.

(g) An applicant shall pay the reasonable costs of the division's investigation under this section.

   -23 License by reciprocity. (a) Notwithstanding section    -22, a person licensed by another state to conduct virtual currency business activity in that state may file with the registry an application under this section.

(b) When an application under this section is filed with the registry, the applicant shall notify the division in a record that the applicant has submitted the application to the registry and shall submit to the division:

(1) A certification of license history from the agency responsible for issuing a license in each state in which the applicant has been licensed to conduct virtual currency business activity;

(2) A nonrefundable reciprocal licensing application fee in the amount specified by rules adopted by the division pursuant to chapter 91;

(3) Documentation demonstrating that the applicant complies with the security and net worth reserve requirements of section    -24; and

(4) A certification signed by an executive officer of the applicant affirming that the applicant will conduct its virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident in compliance with this chapter.

(c) The division may permit conduct of virtual currency business activity by an applicant that complies with this section.

   -24 Security, net worth, and reserves. (a) Before a license is issued under this chapter:

(1) An applicant shall deposit with the division funds or investment property, a letter of credit, a surety bond, or other security satisfactory to the division that:

(A) Secures the applicant's faithful performance of its duties under this chapter; and

(B) Is in an amount the division specifies based on the nature and extent of risks in the applicant's virtual currency business model;

(2) The division shall not require a surety bond as security under this chapter unless a surety bond is generally available in the State at a commercially reasonable cost;

(3) Security deposited under this section shall be payable to this State for the benefit of a claim against the licensee on account of the licensee's virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident;

(4) Security deposited under this section shall cover claims for the period the division specifies by rule and for an additional period the division specifies after the licensee ceases to engage in virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident;

(5) For good cause, the division may require the licensee to increase the amount of security deposited under this section, and the licensee shall deposit the additional security no later than fifteen days after the licensee receives notice in a record of the required increase;

(6) For good cause, the division may permit a licensee to substitute or deposit an alternate form of security satisfactory to the division if the licensee at all times complies with this section;

(7) A claimant shall not have a direct right to recover against security deposited under this section; and

(8) Only the division may recover against the security, and the division may retain the recovery for no more than five years and may process claims and distribute recoveries to claimants in accordance with rules adopted by the division under chapter 489D.

(b) In addition to the security required under subsection (a), a licensee and a registrant, at the time of the application for a license under this chapter or filing of registration, shall submit to the division evidence of and maintain:

(1) A minimum net worth of $25,000; and

(2) Sufficient unencumbered reserves for winding down the licensee's or registrant's operations as agreed to by the division considering the nature and size of expected virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of residents.

(c) A licensee or registrant may include in its calculation of net worth virtual currency, measured by the average value of the virtual currency in United States dollar equivalent over the prior six months, other than the virtual currency over which it has control for a resident entitled to the protections under section    -52.

(d) For good cause, the division may require a licensee or registrant to increase the net worth or reserves required under this section. The licensee or registrant shall submit to the division evidence that it has the additional net worth or reserves not later than fifteen days after the licensee or registrant receives notice in a record of the required increase.

   -25 Issuance of license; appeal. (a) Absent good cause, the division shall issue a license to an applicant if the applicant complies with this part and pays the costs of the investigation under section    -22(g) and the initial licensee fee under section    -22(a)(3) in an amount required by law or specified by the division by rule.

(b) An applicant may appeal a denial of its application under section    -22 or    -23, under chapter 91 no later than thirty days after:

(1) The division notifies the applicant of the denial; or

(2) The application is deemed denied.

   -26 Renewal of license. (a) Subject to subsection (g), no later than fifteen days before the anniversary date of issue of the license granted pursuant to this chapter, a licensee may apply for the renewal of the license by:

(1) Paying a renewal fee in an amount specified by the division by rule adopted pursuant to chapter 91; and

(2) Submitting to the division a renewal report in accordance with subsection (b).

(b) A renewal report required by subsection (a)(2) shall be submitted in a form and medium prescribed by the division. The report shall contain:

(1) A copy of the licensee's most recent:

(A) Reviewed annual financial statement if the licensee's virtual currency business activity in this State was $           or less for the fiscal year ending before the anniversary date of issue of the license granted pursuant to this chapter; or

(B) Audited annual financial statement if the licensee's virtual currency business activity in this State totaled more than $           for the fiscal year ending before the date of issue of the license granted pursuant to this chapter;

(2) If a person other than an individual has control of the licensee, a copy of the person's most recent:

(A) Reviewed annual financial statement if the person's gross revenue was $           or less in the previous fiscal year, measured as of the anniversary date of issue of the license granted pursuant to this chapter; or

(B) Audited consolidated annual financial statement if the person's gross revenue was more than $           in the previous fiscal year, measured as of the anniversary date of issue of the license granted pursuant to this chapter;

(3) A description of any:

(A) Material change in the financial condition of the licensee;

(B) Material litigation involving the licensee or an executive officer, or responsible individual of the licensee;

(C) License suspension or revocation proceeding commenced, or other action taken, involving a license to conduct virtual currency business activity issued by another state on which reciprocal licensing is based;

(D) Federal or state investigation involving the licensee; and

(E) Data security breach involving the licensee;

(4) Information or records required by section    -35 that the licensee has not reported to the division;

(5) The number of virtual currency business activity transactions with or on behalf of residents for the period since, subject to subsection (g), the date the license was issued or the date the last renewal report was submitted, whichever occurred later;

(6) The:

(A) Amount of United States dollar equivalent of virtual currency in the control of the licensee at, subject to subsection (g), the end of the last month that ends no later than thirty days before the date of the renewal report; and

(B) Total number of residents for whom the licensee had control of United States dollar equivalent of virtual currency on that date;

(7) Evidence that the licensee continues to satisfy section    -52;

(8) Evidence that the licensee continues to satisfy section    -24;

(9) A list of each location where the licensee operates its virtual currency business activity; and

(10) The name, United States Postal Service address, and telephone number of each person that manages a server used by the licensee in conducting its virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident.

(c) If a licensee does not timely comply with subsection (a), the division may use enforcement measures provided under part IV. Notice or hearing is not required for a suspension or revocation of a license under this chapter for failure to pay a renewal fee or file a renewal report.

(d) If the division suspends or revokes a license under this chapter for noncompliance with subsection (a), the division may end the suspension or rescind the revocation and notify the licensee of the action if, subject to subsection (g), no later than twenty days after the license was suspended or revoked, the licensee:

(1) Files a renewal report and pays a renewal fee; and

(2) Pays any penalty assessed under section    -44.

(e) The division shall give prompt notice to a licensee of the lifting of a suspension or rescission of a revocation after the licensee complies with subsection (d).

(f) Suspension or revocation of a license under this section does not invalidate a transfer or exchange of virtual currency for or on behalf of a resident made during the suspension or revocation and does not insulate the licensee from liability under this chapter.

(g) For good cause, the division may extend any period of time under this section.

(h) The division shall review the renewal of a license issued under section    -23 to ensure that the state that issued the original license has not suspended, revoked, or limited the license.

(i) A licensee that does not comply with this section shall cease operations with or on behalf of a resident on or before the anniversary date of issue of the license granted pursuant to this chapter.

(j) A licensee shall pay the reasonable and necessary costs of the division's investigation under this section.

   -27 Registration in lieu of license. (a) A person whose volume of virtual currency business activity in United States dollar equivalent of virtual currency will not exceed $35,000 annually may engage in virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident under a registration without first obtaining a license under this chapter if the person:

(1) Files with the division a notice in the form and medium prescribed by the division of its intention to engage in virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident;

(2) Provides the information for an investigation under section    -22;

(3) States the anticipated virtual currency business activity for its next fiscal quarter;

(4) Pays the division a registration fee in the amount specified by the division by rule adopted pursuant to chapter 91;

(5) If required to register with the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network of the United States Department of the Treasury as a money service business, provides the division evidence of the registration;

(6) Provides evidence that the person has policies and procedures to comply with the Bank Secrecy Act, title 31 United States Code section 5311 et seq., as amended, and other applicable laws;

(7) Describes the source of funds and credit to be used by the person to conduct virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident and provides evidence of and agrees to maintain the minimum net worth and reserves required by section    -24 and sufficient unencumbered reserves for winding down operations;

(8) Provides the division with evidence that the person has in place policies and procedures to comply with parts III, V, and VI and other requirements of this chapter designated by the division; and

(9) Provides the division with a copy of its most recent financial statement, whether reviewed or audited.

(b) Before the virtual currency business activity of a registrant with or on behalf of residents exceeds $35,000 annually in United States dollar equivalent of virtual currency, the registrant shall file an application for a license under this chapter and may continue to operate after the activity exceeds $35,000 annually while its application for license is pending.

(c) For good cause, the division may suspend or revoke a registration without a prior hearing or opportunity to be heard.

(d) A registrant shall cease all virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of residents:

(1) If the division denies the registrant's application for a license under this chapter, one day after the registrant receives notice in a record that the division has denied the application;

(2) If the division suspends or revokes the registration, one day after the division sends notice of the suspension or revocation to the registrant in a record by a means reasonably selected for the notice to be received by the recipient in one day, to the address provided for receiving communications from the division;

(3) If the virtual currency business activity of the registrant with or on behalf of residents exceeds $35,000 annually in United States dollar equivalent of virtual currency and the registrant has not filed an application for a license under this chapter; or

(4) On the second anniversary date of the registration.

   -28 License or registration not assignable or transferable. A license or registration under this chapter is not transferable or assignable.

   -29 Rules and guidance. The division may adopt rules in accordance with chapter 91 to implement this chapter and issue guidance as appropriate.

PART III. EXAMINATION; EXAMINATION FEES; DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION OBTAINED DURING EXAMINATION

   -31 Authority to conduct examination. (a) The division may conduct an annual examination of a licensee or registrant. For good cause, the division may conduct an additional examination. The division may examine a licensee or registrant without prior notice to the licensee or registrant.

(b) A licensee or registrant shall pay the reasonable and necessary costs of an examination under this section.

(c) Information obtained during an examination under this part may be disclosed only as provided in section    -34.

   -32 Records. (a) A licensee or registrant shall maintain, for all virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident five years after the date of the activity, a record of:

(1) Each transaction of the licensee or registrant with or on behalf of the resident or for the licensee's or registrant's account in this State, including:

(A) The identity of the resident;

(B) The form of the transaction;

(C) The amount, date, and payment instructions given by the resident; and

(D) The account number, name, and United States Postal Service address of the resident, and, to the extent feasible, other parties to the transaction;

(2) The aggregate number of transactions and aggregate value of transactions by the licensee or registrant with or on behalf of the resident and for the licensee's or registrant's account in this State, expressed in United States dollar equivalent of virtual currency for the previous twelve calendar months;

(3) Each transaction in which the licensee or registrant exchanges one form of virtual currency for legal tender or another form of virtual currency with or on behalf of the resident;

(4) A general ledger posted at least monthly that lists all assets, liabilities, capital, income, and expenses of the licensee or registrant;

(5) Each business call report the licensee or registrant is required to create or provide to the division or registry;

(6) Bank statements and bank reconciliation records for the licensee or registrant and the name, account number, and United States Postal Service address of each bank the licensee or registrant uses in the conduct of its virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of the resident;

(7) A report of any dispute with the resident; and

(8) A report of any virtual currency business activity transaction with or on behalf of a resident that the licensee or registrant was unable to complete.

(b) A licensee or registrant shall maintain records required by subsection (a) in a form that enables the division to determine whether the licensee or registrant is in compliance with this chapter, any court order, and law of this State other than this chapter.

(c) If a licensee or registrant maintains records outside this State that pertain to transactions with or on behalf of a resident, the licensee or registrant shall make the records available to the division no later than three days after request, or, on a determination of good cause by the division, at a later time.

(d) All records maintained by a licensee or registrant are subject to inspection by the division.

   -33 Rules; cooperation; data sharing authority. (a) Subject to section    -34 and law of this State other than this chapter concerning privacy, consumer financial privacy, data protection, privilege, and confidentiality, the division may cooperate, coordinate, jointly examine, consult, and share records and other information with the appropriate regulatory agency of another state, a self-regulatory organization, federal or state regulator of banking or nondepository providers, or a regulator of a jurisdiction outside the United States, concerning the affairs and conduct of a licensee or registrant in this State.

(b) The division shall:

(1) Establish or participate in, with another state that enacts a law substantially similar to this chapter, a central depository for filings required by law of this State other than this chapter;

(2) Cooperate in developing and implementing uniform forms for applications and renewal reports and the conduct of joint administrative proceedings and civil actions;

(3) Formulate joint rules, forms, statements of policy, and guidance and interpretative opinions and releases; and

(4) Develop common systems and procedures.

(c) The division shall not establish or participate in a central commercial depository that contains nonpublic personally identifiable information that does not comply with section 502(e)(5) or (8) of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (15 U.S.C. 6802(e)(5) or (8)), as amended, or with the Federal Right to Financial Privacy Act (18 U.S.C. 3401 et seq.), as amended.

(d) In deciding whether and how to cooperate, coordinate, jointly examine, consult, or share records and other information under subsection (a), the division shall consider:

(1) Maximizing effectiveness and uniformity of regulation, examination, implementation, and enforcement for the benefit of residents and licensees and registrants; and

(2) Minimizing burdens on licensees and registrants without adversely affecting protection for residents.

   -34 Confidentiality. (a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) or (c), information not contained in a report otherwise available to the public or reports obtained by the division from an applicant, licensee, or registrant; information contained in or related to an examination, investigation, or operating or condition report prepared by, on behalf of, or for the use of the division; and other financial and operating information, are not subject to disclosure under chapter 92F. If the division determines the information or records are confidential under the open records law of a reciprocal licensing state, the information or records shall not be disclosed.

(b) A trade secret of an applicant, a licensee, or a registrant is confidential and shall not be subject to disclosure under chapter 92F. If the division determines a trade secret is confidential under the open records law of a reciprocal licensing state, the trade secret shall not be disclosed.

(c) Subsection (a) does not prohibit the disclosure of:

(1) General information about a licensee's or registrant's virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident;

(2) A list of persons licensed or registered under this chapter; or

(3) Aggregated financial data concerning licensees or registrants in this State.

   -35 Interim report. (a) Each licensee and registrant shall file with the division a report of:

(1) A material change in information in the application for a license under this chapter or a registration or the most recent renewal report of the licensee under this chapter or for the registrant;

(2) A material change in the licensee's or registrant's business for the conduct of its virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident; and

(3) A change of an executive officer, responsible individual, or person in control of the licensee or registrant.

(b) Absent good cause, a report required by subsection (a) shall be filed no later than fifteen days after the change.

   -36 Change in control of licensee or registrant. (a) For purpose of this section, "proposed person to be in control" means the person that would control a licensee or registrant after a proposed transaction that would result in a change in control of the licensee or registrant.

(b) The following shall apply in determining whether a person has control over a licensee or registrant:

(1) There is a rebuttable presumption of control if the person's voting power in the licensee or registrant constitutes or will constitute at least twenty-five per cent of the total voting power of the licensee or registrant;

(2) There is a rebuttable presumption of control if:

(A) The person's voting power in another person constitutes or will constitute at least ten per cent of the total voting power of the other person; and

(B) The other person's voting power in the licensee or registrant constitutes at least twenty-five per cent of the total voting power of the licensee or registrant; and

(3) There is no presumption of control solely because an individual is an executive officer of the licensee or registrant.

(c) At least thirty days before a proposed change in control of a licensee or registrant, the proposed person to be in control shall submit to the division in a record:

(1) An application in a form and medium prescribed by the division;

(2) The information and records that section    -22 would require if the proposed person to be in control already had control of the licensee;

(3) A license application under section    -22 by the proposed person to be in control;

(4) In the case of a registrant, the information that section    -27 would require if the proposed person to be in control already had control of the registrant; and

(5) In the case of a registration, a registration under section    -27 by the proposed person to be in control.

(d) The division, in accordance with section    -22, shall approve, approve with conditions, or deny an application for a change in control of a licensee or registrant. The division, in a record, shall send notice of its decision to the licensee or registrant and the person that would be in control if the division had approved the change in control. If the division denies the application, the licensee or registrant shall abandon the proposed change in control or cease virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of residents.

(e) If the division applies a condition to approval of a change in control of a licensee or registrant and the division does not receive notice of the applicant's acceptance of the condition specified by the division no later than thirty-one days after the division sends notice of the condition, the application is deemed denied. If the application is deemed denied, the licensee or registrant shall abandon the proposed change in control or cease virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of residents.

(f) Submission in good faith of records required by subsection (c) relieves the proposed person to be in control from any obligation imposed by this section other than subsections (d), (e), and (h) until the division has acted on the application.

(g) The division may revoke or modify a determination under subsection (d), after notice and opportunity to be heard, if, in its judgment, revocation or modification is consistent with this chapter.

(h) If a change in control of a licensee or registrant requires approval of an agency of this State or another state with which this State has a reciprocity agreement and the action of the other agency conflicts with that of the division, the division shall confer with the other agency. If the proposed change in control cannot be completed because the conflict cannot be resolved, the licensee or registrant shall abandon the change in control or cease virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of residents.

   -37 Merger or consolidation by licensee or registrant. (a) At least thirty days before a proposed merger or consolidation of a licensee or registrant with another person, the licensee or registrant shall submit to the division in a record:

(1) An application in a form and medium prescribed by the division;

(2) The plan of merger or consolidation in accordance with subsection (e);

(3) In the case of a licensee, the information required by section    -22 concerning the person that would be the surviving entity in the proposed merger or consolidation; and

(4) In the case of a registrant, the information required by section    -27 concerning the person that would be the surviving entity in the proposed merger or consolidation.

(b) If a proposed merger or consolidation would change the control of a licensee or registrant, the licensee or registrant shall comply with section    -36 and this section.

(c) The division, in accordance with section    -22, shall approve, conditionally approve, or deny an application for approval of a merger or consolidation of a licensee or registrant. The division, in a record, shall send notice of its decision to the licensee or registrant and the person that would be the surviving entity. If the division denies the application, the licensee or registrant shall abandon the merger or consolidation or cease virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of residents.

(d) The division may revoke or modify a determination under subsection (c), after notice and opportunity to be heard, if, in its judgment, revocation or modification is consistent with this chapter.

(e) A plan of merger or consolidation of a licensee or a registrant with another person shall:

(1) Describe the effect of the proposed transaction on the licensee's or registrant's conduct of virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of residents;

(2) Identify each person to be merged or consolidated and the person that would be the surviving entity; and

(3) Describe the terms and conditions of the merger or consolidation and the mode of carrying it into effect.

(f) If a merger or consolidation of a licensee or registrant and another person requires approval of an agency of this State or another state with which this State has a reciprocity agreement and the action of the other agency conflicts with that of the division, the division shall confer with the other agency. If the proposed merger or consolidation cannot be completed because the conflict cannot be resolved, the licensee or registrant shall abandon the merger or consolidation or cease virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of residents.

(g) The division may condition approval of an application under subsection (a). If the division does not receive notice from the parties that the parties accept the division's condition no later than thirty-one days after the division sends notice in a record of the condition, the application is deemed denied. If the application is deemed denied, the licensee or registrant shall abandon the merger or consolidation or cease virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of residents.

(h) If a licensee or registrant acquires substantially all the assets of a person, regardless of whether the person's license was approved by or registration was filed with the division, the transaction is subject to this section.

(i) Submission in good faith of the records required by subsection (e) relieves the proposed surviving entity from any obligation imposed by this section, other than subsections (c), (f), and (g), until the division has acted on the application.

PART IV. ENFORCEMENT

   -41 Enforcement measure. For purposes of this part, "enforcement measure" means an action to:

(1) Suspend or revoke a license or a registration under this chapter;

(2) Order a person to cease and desist from doing virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident;

(3) Request the court to appoint a receiver for the assets of a person doing virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident;

(4) Request the court to issue temporary, preliminary, or permanent injunctive relief against a person doing virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident;

(5) Assess a penalty under section    -43;

(6) Recover on the security under section    -24 and initiate a plan to distribute the proceeds for the benefit of a resident injured by a violation of this chapter or law of this State other than this chapter that applies to virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident; or

(7) Impose necessary or appropriate conditions on the conduct of virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident.

   -42 Division authority to use enforcement measures. (a) The division may take an enforcement measure against a licensee, registrant, or person that is neither a licensee nor registrant, but is engaging in virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident if:

(1) The licensee, registrant, or person materially violates this chapter, a rule adopted or order issued under this chapter, or law of this State other than this chapter that applies to virtual currency business activity of the violator with or on behalf of a resident;

(2) The licensee, registrant, or person does not cooperate substantially with an examination or investigation by the division, fails to pay a fee, or fails to submit a report or documentation;

(3) The licensee, registrant, or person, in the conduct of its virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident, engages in:

(A) An unsafe or unsound act or practice;

(B) An unfair or deceptive act or practice;

(C) Fraud or intentional misrepresentation;

(D) Another dishonest act; or

(E) Misappropriation of legal tender, virtual currency, or other value held by a fiduciary;

(4) An agency of the United States or another state takes an action against the licensee, registrant, or person that would constitute an enforcement measure if the division had taken the action;

(5) The licensee, registrant, or person is convicted of a crime related to its virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident or involving fraud or felonious activity that, as determined by the division, makes the licensee, registrant, or person unsuitable to engage in virtual currency business activity; or

(6) The licensee, registrant, or person:

(A) Becomes insolvent;

(B) Makes a general assignment for the benefit of its creditors;

(C) Becomes the debtor, alleged debtor, respondent, or person in a similar capacity in a case or other proceeding under any bankruptcy, reorganization, arrangement, readjustment, insolvency, receivership, dissolution, liquidation, or similar law, and does not obtain from the court, within a reasonable time, confirmation of a plan or dismissal of the case or proceeding; or

(D) Applies for or permits the appointment of a receiver, trustee, or other agent of a court for itself or for a substantial part of its assets; or

(7) The licensee, registrant, or person makes a material misrepresentation to the division.

(b) On application and for good cause, the division may:

(1) Extend the due date for filing a document or report under subsection (a)(2); or

(2) Waive to the extent warranted by circumstances, such as a bona fide error notwithstanding reasonable procedures designed to prevent error, an enforcement measure under subsection (a) if the division determines that the waiver will not adversely affect the likelihood of compliance with this chapter.

(c) In an enforcement action related to operating without a license under this chapter or registration in this State, it is a defense to the action that the person has in effect a customer identification program reasonably designed to identify whether a customer is a resident, which failed to identify the particular customer as a resident.

(d) A proceeding under this chapter is subject to chapter 91.

   -43 Civil penalty. (a) If a person other than a licensee or registrant engages in virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident in violation of this chapter, the division may assess a civil penalty against the person in an amount not to exceed $50,000 for each day of violation.

(b) If a licensee or registrant materially violates this chapter, the division may assess a civil penalty in an amount not to exceed $10,000 for each day of violation.

(c) A civil penalty under this section continues to accrue until:

(1) The date on which the violation ceases; or

(2) A date specified by the division,

whichever occurs first.

   -44 Effective period of revocation, suspension, or cease and desist order. (a) Revocation of a license under this chapter is effective against a licensee one day after the division sends notice in a record of the revocation to the licensee, by a means reasonably selected for the notice to be received by the recipient in one day, to the address provided for receiving communications from the division.

(b) Suspension of a license under this chapter, suspension of a registration, or an order to cease and desist is effective against a licensee, registrant, or other person one day after the division sends notice in a record of the suspension or order to the licensee, registrant, or other person, by a means reasonably selected for the notice to be received by the recipient in one day, to the address provided for receiving communications from the division or, if no address is provided, to the recipient's last known address. A suspension or order to cease and desist remains in effect until the earliest of:

(1) Entry of an order by the division pursuant to chapter 91 setting aside or limiting the suspension or order;

(2) Entry of a court order setting aside or limiting the suspension or order to cease and desist; or

(3) A date specified by the division.

(c) If, without reason to know of the division's notice sent under subsection (a) or (b), a licensee, registrant, or other person does not comply in accordance with the notice until the notice is actually received at the address provided, the division may consider the delay in compliance in imposing a sanction for the failure.

   -45 Consent order. The division may enter into a consent order with a person regarding an enforcement measure. The order may provide that it does not constitute an admission of fact by a party.

   -46 Scope of right of action. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a person shall not have a right of action for violation of this chapter.

(b) The division may bring an action for restitution on behalf of a resident if the division proves economic injury due to a violation of this chapter.

(c) This section shall not preclude an action by a resident to enforce rights under section    -52 or law of this State other than this chapter.

PART V. DISCLOSURES AND OTHER PROTECTIONS FOR RESIDENTS

   -51 Required disclosures. (a) A licensee or registrant shall provide to a resident who uses the licensee's or registrant's products or service the disclosures required by subsection (b) and any additional disclosure the division by rule determines reasonably necessary for the protection of residents. The division shall determine by rule the time and form required for disclosure. A disclosure required by this section shall be made separately from any other information provided by the licensee or registrant and in a clear and conspicuous manner in a record the resident may keep. A licensee or registrant may propose for the division's approval alternate disclosures as more appropriate for its virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of residents.

(b) Before establishing a relationship with a resident, a licensee or registrant shall disclose, to the extent applicable to the virtual currency business activity the licensee or registrant will undertake with the resident:

(1) A schedule of fees and charges the licensee or registrant may assess, the manner by which fees and charges will be calculated if they are not set in advance and disclosed, and the timing of the fees and charges;

(2) Whether the product or service provided by the licensee or registrant is covered by:

(A) A form of insurance or is otherwise guaranteed against loss by an agency of the United States:

(i) Up to the full United States dollar equivalent of virtual currency placed under the control of or purchased from the licensee or registrant as of the date of the placement or purchase, including the maximum amount provided by insurance under the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or otherwise available from the Securities Investor Protection Corporation; or

(ii) If not provided at the full United States dollar equivalent of virtual currency placed under the control of or purchased from the licensee or registrant, the maximum amount of coverage for each resident expressed in the United States dollar equivalent of the virtual currency; or

(B) Private insurance against theft or loss, including cyber theft or theft by other means;

(3) The irrevocability of a transfer or exchange and any exception to irrevocability;

(4) A description of:

(A) Liability for an unauthorized, mistaken, or accidental transfer or exchange;

(B) The resident's responsibility to provide notice to the licensee or registrant of the transfer or exchange;

(C) The basis for any recovery by the resident from the licensee or registrant;

(D) General error resolution rights applicable to the transfer or exchange; and

(E) The method for the resident to update the resident's contact information with the licensee or registrant;

(5) That the date or time when the transfer or exchange is made and the resident's account is debited may differ from the date or time when the resident initiates the instruction to make the transfer or exchange;

(6) Whether the resident has a right to stop a preauthorized payment or revoke authorization for a transfer and the procedure to initiate a stop-payment order or revoke authorization for a subsequent transfer;

(7) The resident's right to receive a receipt, trade ticket, or other evidence of the transfer or exchange;

(8) The resident's right to at least thirty days' prior notice of a change in the licensee's or registrant's fee schedule, other terms and conditions of operating its virtual currency business activity with the resident and the policies applicable to the resident's account; and

(9) That virtual currency is not legal tender.

(c) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (d), at the conclusion of a virtual currency transaction with or on behalf of a resident, a licensee or registrant shall provide the resident a confirmation in a record that contains:

(1) The name and contact information of the licensee or registrant, including information the resident may need to ask a question or file a complaint;

(2) The type, value, date, precise time, and amount of the transaction; and

(3) The fee charged for the transaction, including any charge for conversion of virtual currency to legal tender, bank credit, or other virtual currency.

(d) If a licensee or registrant discloses that it will provide a daily confirmation in the initial disclosure under subsection (c), the licensee or registrant may elect to provide a single, daily confirmation for all transactions with or on behalf of a resident on that day instead of a per transaction confirmation.

   -52 Property interests and entitlements to virtual currency. (a) A licensee or registrant that has control of virtual currency for one or more persons shall maintain in its control an amount of each type of virtual currency sufficient to satisfy the aggregate entitlements of the persons to the type of virtual currency.

(b) If a licensee or registrant violates subsection (a), the property interests of the persons in the virtual currency are pro rata property interests in the type of virtual currency to which the persons are entitled, without regard to the time the persons became entitled to the virtual currency or the licensee or registrant obtained control of the virtual currency.

(c) The virtual currency referred to in this section is:

(1) Held for the persons entitled to the virtual currency;

(2) Not property of the licensee or registrant; and

(3) Not subject to the claims of creditors of the licensee or registrant.

PART VI. POLICIES AND PROCEDURES

   -61 Mandated compliance programs and monitoring. (a) An applicant, before submitting an application, and registrant, before registering, shall create and, during licensure or registration, maintain in a record policies and procedures for:

(1) An information security and operational security program;

(2) A business continuity program;

(3) A disaster recovery program;

(4) An anti-fraud program;

(5) An anti-money laundering program;

(6) A program to prevent funding of terrorist activity; and

(7) A program designed to:

(A) Ensure compliance with this chapter, law of this State other than this chapter, and federal law, which are relevant to the virtual currency business activity contemplated by the licensee or registrant with or on behalf of residents; and

(B) Assist the licensee or registrant in achieving the purposes of law of this State other than this chapter and federal law if violation of that law has a remedy under this chapter.

(b) Each policy required by subsection (a) shall be in a record and designed to be adequate for a licensee's or registrant's contemplated virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of residents, considering the circumstances of all participants and the safe operation of the activity. Each policy and implementing procedure shall be compatible with other policies and the procedures implementing them and not conflict with policies or procedures applicable to the licensee or registrant under law of this State other than this chapter. A policy and implementing procedure may be one in existence in the licensee's or registrant's virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of residents.

(c) A licensee's or registrant's policy for detecting fraud shall include:

(1) Identification and assessment of the material risks of its virtual currency business activity related to fraud;

(2) Protection against any material risk related to fraud identified by the division or the licensee or registrant; and

(3) Periodic evaluation and revision of the anti-fraud procedure.

(d) A licensee's or registrant's policy for preventing money laundering and financing of terrorist activity shall include:

(1) Identification and assessment of the material risks of its virtual currency business activity related to money laundering and financing of terrorist activity;

(2) Procedures, in accordance with federal law or guidance published by federal agencies responsible for enforcing federal law, pertaining to money laundering and financing of terrorist activity; and

(3) Filing reports under the Bank Secrecy Act (31 U.S.C. 5311 et seq.), as amended, or title 31 Code of Federal Regulations part X, as amended, and other federal or state laws pertaining to the prevention or detection of money laundering or financing of terrorist activity.

(e) A licensee's or registrant's information security and operational security policy shall include reasonable and appropriate administrative, physical, and technical safeguards to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of any nonpublic personal information or virtual currency it receives, maintains, or transmits.

(f) A licensee or registrant is not required to file with the division a copy of a report it makes to a federal authority unless the division specifically requires filing.

(g) A licensee's or registrant's protection policy under subsection (e) for residents shall include:

(1) Any action or system of records required to comply with this chapter and law of this State other than this chapter applicable to the licensee or registrant with respect to virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident;

(2) A procedure for resolving disputes between the licensee or registrant and a resident;

(3) A procedure for a resident to report an unauthorized, mistaken, or accidental virtual currency business activity transaction; and

(4) A procedure for a resident to file a complaint with the licensee or registrant and for the resolution of the complaint in a fair and timely manner with notice to the resident as soon as reasonably practical of the resolution and the reasons for the resolution.

(h) After the policies and procedures required under this section are created and approved by the division and the licensee or registrant, the licensee or registrant shall engage a responsible individual with adequate authority and experience to monitor each policy and procedure, publicize it as appropriate, recommend changes as desirable, and enforce it.

(i) A licensee or registrant may:

(1) Request advice from the division as to compliance with this section; and

(2) With the division's approval, outsource functions, other than compliance, required under this section.

(j) Failure of a particular policy or procedure adopted under this section to meet its goals in a particular instance is not a ground for liability of the licensee or registrant if the policy or procedure was created, implemented, and monitored properly. Repeated failures of a policy or procedure are evidence that the policy or procedure was not created or implemented properly.

(k) Policies and procedures adopted under this section shall be disclosed separately from other disclosures made available to a resident, in a clear and conspicuous manner and in the medium through which the resident contacted the licensee or registrant.

   -62 Mandated compliance policy or procedure. (a) An applicant, before submitting its application, and a registrant, before registering, shall establish and maintain in a record a policy or procedure designed to ensure compliance with:

(1) This chapter; and

(2) Law of this State other than this chapter if:

(A) The other law is relevant to the virtual currency business activity contemplated by the licensee or registrant or the scope of this chapter; or

(B) This chapter could assist in the purpose of the other law because violation of the other law has a remedy under this chapter.

(b) A policy or procedure under subsection (a):

(1) Shall be compatible, and not conflict, with requirements applicable to a licensee or registrant under law of this State other than this chapter and under federal law; and

(2) May be a policy or procedure in existence for the licensee's or registrant's virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident.

(c) After the policies and procedures required under this section are created by the licensee or registrant and approved by the division, the licensee or registrant shall engage a responsible individual with adequate authority and experience to monitor each policy or procedure, publicize it as appropriate, recommend changes as desirable, and enforce it.

(d) A licensee or registrant may:

(1) Request advice from the division as to compliance with this section; and

(2) With the division's approval, outsource functions, other than compliance, required under this section.

(e) Failure of a particular policy or procedure adopted under this section to meet its goals in a particular instance is not a ground for liability of the licensee or registrant if the policy or procedure was created, implemented, and monitored properly. Repeated failures of a policy or procedure are evidence that the policy or procedure was not created or implemented properly.

PART VII. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

   -71 Uniformity of application and construction. In applying and construing this Uniform Act, consideration shall be given to the need to promote uniformity of the law with respect to its subject matter among the states that enact it.

   -72 Relation to Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act. This chapter modifies, limits, or supersedes the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (15 U.S.C. 7001, et seq.), but does not modify, limit, or supersede section 101(c) of that Act (15 U.S.C. 7001(c)), or authorize electronic delivery of any of the notices described in section 103(b) of that Act (15 U.S.C. 7003(b)).

   -73 Saving and transitional provisions. (a) A license issued under chapter 489D which is in effect immediately before the effective date of this Act remains in effect as a license for its duration unless revoked or suspended by the licensing authority that issued it. A person licensed under chapter 489D which does not intend to engage in virtual currency business activity is not required to inform the division of its intention.

(b) If the division denies, suspends, or revokes a license under this chapter or suspends, or revokes a registration to conduct virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident, the denial, suspension, or revocation may not be used as a ground for suspension or revocation of a license granted under chapter 489D unless that chapter independently provides a basis for action against the licensee or registrant.

(c) This chapter applies to virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident on or after the effective date of this Act.

(d) A person is deemed to be conducting unlicensed virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident in violation of this chapter if the person engages in virtual currency business activity on or after the effective date of this Act and the person does not hold a license issued or recognized under this chapter, is not exempt from this chapter, and has not applied for a license or filed a registration. This subsection includes a person that:

(1) Has obtained a license under chapter 489D, regardless of whether that chapter covers virtual currency business activity, or holds a charter as a trust company from this State; and

(2) Does not have permission to engage in virtual currency business activity with or on behalf of a resident."

SECTION 2. If any provision of this Act, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of the Act that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this Act are severable.

SECTION 3. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.

 

INTRODUCED BY:

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Report Title:

Uniform Regulation of Virtual Currency Businesses Act; Virtual Currency; Division of Financial Institutions

 

Description:

Adopts the Uniform Regulation of Virtual Currency Businesses Act and codifies the Act into law.

 

 

 

The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.