HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TWENTY-NINTH LEGISLATURE, 2018
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
relating to electric vehicle charging infrastructure.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that climate change caused by greenhouse gas emissions from the burning of fossil fuels poses a serious threat to the economic well-being, public health, natural resources, and environment of Hawaii. The State has committed to the elimination of fossil fuels from both the electricity and ground transportation sectors and has also committed to abiding by the Paris Climate Accord's goal to limit global warming to less than 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The legislature finds that electric vehicles can be powered by electricity generated from local, renewable energy resources and offer lower fuel and operating costs. Due to these advantages, electric vehicles must play an important role in helping the State achieve its clean energy goals and commitments.
The legislature finds that it is necessary for the State to implement policies that help catalyze the development of the charging facilities necessary to support the large-scale adoption of electric vehicles.
The legislature further finds that the current requirements for designating parking spaces and providing charging facilities for electric vehicles are not adequate to meet the charging needs of the State's population.
The purpose of this Act is to strengthen the State's electric vehicle charging requirements by:
(1) Requiring workplaces and multi-unit dwelling residential properties to provide parking spaces and electric vehicle supply equipment for electric vehicles;
(2) Creating a ratio to calculate the total number of electric vehicle stalls that a parking facility with more than two hundred parking spaces must have, beginning July 1, 2021; and
(3) Authorizing the director of transportation to fine properties that are not in compliance with electric vehicle parking space requirements.
SECTION 2. Section 291-71, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§291-71 Designation of parking spaces for electric
charging system.] provision of electric vehicle supply
equipment. (a) [ Places of public accommodation] A
parking facility with at least one hundred parking spaces available for use
by the general public shall [ have] provide electric vehicle supply
equipment to at least one parking space designated exclusively for
electric vehicles [ and equipped with an electric vehicle charging system
located anywhere in the parking structure or lot] by July 1, 2012[ ;].
Parking spaces designated for electric
vehicles may be located anywhere within the parking facility; provided that
no parking space designated for electric vehicles shall displace or reduce
accessible stalls required by the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility
Guidelines. Spaces shall be designated,
clearly marked, and the exclusive designation enforced. [ Owners of multiple parking facilities
within the State may designate and electrify fewer parking spaces than required
in one or more of their owned properties; provided that the scheduled
requirement is met for the total number of aggregate spaces on all of their
owned properties.] If a parking
facility is owned, leased, or managed by multiple entities, the owners,
lessees, or managers, as applicable, shall be jointly responsible for complying
with this section.
(b) Beginning July 1, 2021, a parking facility with more than two hundred total parking spaces shall be required to achieve:
(1) One electric vehicle supply equipment point for every ten public parking spaces;
(2) One electric vehicle supply equipment point for every ten employee parking spaces; and
(3) One electric vehicle supply equipment point for every ten residential spaces.
(c) Beginning July 1, 2024, a parking facility with more than two hundred total parking spaces shall be required to achieve:
(1) One electric vehicle supply equipment point for every ten public parking spaces;
(2) One electric vehicle supply equipment point for every five employee parking spaces; and
(3) One electric vehicle supply equipment point for every five residential parking spaces.
(d) A parking facility shall qualify for electric vehicle supply equipment points as follows:
(1) For each designated electric vehicle parking space with level 1 charging equipment, two points;
(2) For each designated electric vehicle parking space with level 2 charging equipment, ten points; and
(3) For each designated electric vehicle parking space with direct current fast charging equipment, fifty points;
provided that a parking facility shall only satisfy the electric vehicle supply equipment point requirements for public parking spaces with level 2 and direct current fast charging equipment.
(e) The director of transportation may exempt a parking facility from some or all of the requirements of this section if documented cost estimates from a state-licensed electrician are provided that state that meeting the requirements of this section with any combination of electric vehicle supply equipment levels would result in construction, equipment, and installation costs that exceed the greater of:
(1) $100,000; or
(2) $200 multiplied by the total number of parking spaces within the parking facility.
(b)] (f) For the purposes of this section:
"Direct current fast charging equipment" means an electric vehicle supply equipment system that:
(1) Utilizes direct current electricity rated at four hundred forty volts or greater; and
(2) Is designed and installed in compliance with article 625 of the National Electric Code.
"Electric vehicle" means:
(1) A neighborhood electric vehicle as defined in section 286-2; or
(2) A vehicle, with four or more wheels, that draws propulsion energy from a battery with at least four kilowatt hours of energy storage capacity that can be recharged from an external source of electricity.
"Electric vehicle charging
system"] "Electric vehicle supply equipment" means a
system that[ : (1) Is] is
capable of providing electricity from a non-vehicle source to charge the
batteries of one or more electric vehicles[ ; (2) Meets
recognized standards, including standard SAE J1772 of SAE International; and (3) Is designed and
installed in compliance with article 625 of the National Electrical Code].
"Level 1 charging equipment" means an electric vehicle supply equipment system that discharges one hundred ten to one hundred twenty-volt alternating current electricity.
"Level 2 charging equipment" means an electric vehicle supply equipment system that:
(1) Meets recognized standards, including standard SAE J1772 of SAE International; and
(2) Is designed and installed in compliance with article 625 of the National Electrical Code.
"Parking facility" means all parking spaces within a single parking garage or a contiguous parking lot; provided that shared parking lots that:
(1) Serve multiple businesses or uses;
(2) Span multiple tax parcels; or
(3) Have multiple owners or lessees that are not separated by public roadways,
shall be considered a single parking facility.
"Place of public accommodation" has the same meaning as that provided in section 489-2.
(g) The director of transportation may investigate and issue warnings to the owner, lessee, or manager of a parking facility found to be in violation of this section. An owner, lessee, or manager of a parking facility who receives a warning of violation shall have ninety days to correct the violation. If, after ninety days from the date of the warning, a parking facility remains in violation of this section, the director of transportation may assess a fine of $1,000 per calendar month, or partial calendar month, for each electric vehicle supply equipment point that the parking facility is below the number of electric vehicle supply equipment points required by subsection (b)."
SECTION 3. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 4. This Act shall take effect on January 1, 2020.
DOT; Parking Facilities; Electric Vehicles; Charging Infrastructure
Expands the State's existing electric vehicle charging requirements to include parking lots for multi-unit buildings and workplaces. Creates a ratio to calculate the total number of electric vehicle parking stalls a parking facility with more than 200 stalls must have beginning 7/1/2021. Allows the director of transportation to fine properties not in compliance with the electric vehicle parking requirements. Effective 7/1/2020.
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.