HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

H.B. NO.

1859

TWENTY-NINTH LEGISLATURE, 2018

H.D. 1

STATE OF HAWAII

 

 

 

 

 

 

A BILL FOR AN ACT

 

 

RELATING TO CHILDREN.

 

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 


SECTION 1. Section 577-25, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:

"[[]577-25[]] Emancipation of [certain] minors. (a) Any law to the contrary notwithstanding, a minor who has been married pursuant to chapter 572 shall be deemed to be emancipated and shall be regarded as though he or she were of legal age and shall have all the rights, duties, privileges, and responsibilities provided by the civil law to a person who has reached the age of majority under civil law; provided that:

(1) Nothing in this [section] subsection shall be deemed to confer upon [such person] a minor the right to vote in any federal, state, or county election or the right to purchase, possess, or sell alcoholic beverages; and

(2) Nothing in this [section] subsection shall change the status of [such persons as minors] a person as a minor in connection with any criminal law, nor affect the exclusive original jurisdiction of the family court over [such persons] a person under section 571-11(1).

(b) A minor who has reached the age of sixteen and has continuously resided in this State for the preceding twelve months may petition the family court in the circuit in which the minor resides for a determination that the minor named in the petition be emancipated. The petition shall:

(1) Outline how the minor has demonstrated independent capabilities, separate from the minor's parents or guardians, in matters of care, custody, control, and earnings; and

(2) Be filed by the minor seeking emancipation. A parent or guardian shall not petition, individually or on behalf of the minor, for an order of emancipation.

(c) Pursuant to a petition for emancipation under subsection (b), the court may:

(1) Require child welfare services to investigate any reports or allegations of child abuse or neglect and to file a report of that investigation with the court; or

(2) Require the minor to receive a mental health evaluation from an appropriate mental health professional, as arranged for by the court or the minor's parents or guardians.

(d) Pursuant to a petition for emancipation under subsection (b), the court shall:

(1) Appoint a guardian ad litem for the minor;

(2) Appoint client-directed legal counsel to represent the minor throughout the emancipation proceedings and advise the minor regarding the rights, responsibilities, and legal consequences associated with emancipation;

(3) Provide the minor with an informational pamphlet and counseling explaining the minor's rights and responsibilities as an emancipated minor and a listing of alternatives to emancipation, if available;

(4) Provide service of the petition and notice of hearing to the minor's parents or legal guardians. If needed, the court appointed counsel shall assist the minor to locate the minor's parents or legal guardians. Upon a showing of due diligence to locate the minor's parents or legal guardians, the court may waive notice requirements; and

(5) At a hearing on the petition prior to issuing a ruling on the petition, ensure the minor understands the rights, responsibilities, and alternatives, if any, to emancipation.

(e) Pursuant to a petition for emancipation under subsection (b), the court may enter an order declaring the minor emancipated if, after a hearing, it is found by clear and convincing evidence that:

(1) The minor is on active duty with any of the armed forces of the United States of America;

(2) The minor's parents or legal guardians are unable or unwilling to provide basic material support to the minor in the form of food, shelter, clothing, and medical care, or the minor's parents or legal guardians have deserted or abandoned the minor; or

(3) The minor willingly resides separate and apart from the minor's parents or legal guardians, with the explicit or implicit consent or acquiescence of the parents or legal guardians, or even without consent, if the court determines that the weight of evidence shows that the best interest for the minor will be served by separation from the minor's parents or legal guardians, that the minor is currently self-supporting or is capable of self-support and of managing the minor's own financial affairs, and that emancipation is in the best interest of the minor.

(f) A minor emancipated under subsection (e) shall be considered to have the rights and responsibilities of an adult, except for those specific constitutional and statutory age requirements including but not limited to voting, consuming or purchasing liquor, and other relevant health and safety regulations imposed based on age. A minor shall be considered emancipated for the purposes of, but not limited to, all of the following:

(1) The right to enter into enforceable contracts, including apartment leases;

(2) The right to sue or be sued in the minor's own name;

(3) The right to retain personal earnings;

(4) The right to establish a separate domicile;

(5) The right to act autonomously, and with the rights and responsibilities of an adult, in all business relationships, including but not limited to property transactions and obtaining accounts for utilities, except for estate or property matters that a court determines may require a conservator or guardian ad litem;

(6) The right to earn a living, subject only to the health and safety regulations designed to protect those under the age of majority regardless of their legal status;

(7) The right to file as an individual under state statutes and rules regarding income taxes;

(8) The right to authorize personal preventive health care, medical care, dental care, mental health care, and substance abuse treatment without parental knowledge or liability;

(9) The right to apply for a driver's license or other state licenses for which the minor may be eligible;

(10) The right to register for school;

(11) The right to marry;

(12) The right to personally apply for medical and other public assistance benefits administered by the State or the counties, if needed;

(13) The right, if the minor is a parent, to make decisions and give authority in caring for the minor's own minor child; and

(14) The right to execute a will and other estate planning documents, including trust documents, durable power of attorney, and an advance health care directive.

(g) The court may require a minor's parents or legal guardians to pay for any services ordered by the court for the minor pursuant to a petition for emancipation under subsection (b), including service of the petition, the guardian ad litem, legal counsel, or mental health providers.

(h) If a petitioning minor has an active case under chapter 587A pursuant to sections 571-11(9) and 587A‑5, then the proceeding for emancipation shall be stayed until the final disposition of the chapter 587A case.

(i) For the purposes of this section, "minor" means a person under the age of majority."

SECTION 2. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.

SECTION 3. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.

SECTION 4. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 3000.



 

Report Title:

Emancipation of Minors; Children; Parents; Family Court

 

Description:

Allows a minor to petition the Family Court for emancipation, and directs the court regarding investigation of the petition, appointment of legal counsel and a guardian ad litem for the petitioner, and the findings necessary to grant the petition. Specifies the rights gained by the minor upon emancipation and authorizes the court to require the minor's parents or legal guardians to pay for any services ordered by the court. Requires emancipation proceedings to be stayed until final disposition of the minor's child protective case under Chapter 587A. (HB1859 HD1)

 

 

 

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