HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TWENTY-NINTH LEGISLATURE, 2017
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO PROSTITUTION.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. Ensuring the health, safety, and well-being of people in Hawaii, including sex workers, is a priority of the State. However, statutes relating to prostitution often cause harm to people without the justification of a clear public purpose.
To address these problems, this Act repeals from these statutes, criminal sanctions against persons whose conduct causes no harm to others such as consensual adult prostitution and the promotion of adult prostitution. This includes repealing vague statutory language relating to the solicitation of minors from section 712-1200, Hawaii Revised Statutes (HRS), relating to the offense of prostitution, because these situations are better addressed by laws prohibiting statutory rape. This Act also amends section 712-1203, HRS, relating to promoting prostitution, section 712-1206, HRS, relating to loitering for the purpose of engaging in or advancing prostitution, section 712-1208, HRS, relating to promoting travel for prostitution, and section 712-1209.5, HRS, relating to habitual solicitation of prostitution, to eliminate penalties for conduct that causes no harm. Finally, this Act amends section 712-1209.6, HRS, relating to prostitution and motions to vacate conviction, to vacate all convictions that were obtained for conduct that is decriminalized by this Act and to permit the courts to vacate certain prostitution related convictions if the defendant had no criminal convictions in the preceding three years.
SECTION 2. Section 712-1200, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§712-1200 Prostitution. (1) A
person commits [
the offense] an act of prostitution if the
(a) Engages in, or agrees or offers to engage in, sexual conduct with another person in return for a fee; or
(b) Pays, agrees to pay, or offers to pay a fee to another to engage in sexual conduct.
(2) As used in this section:
"Minor" means a person who is less than eighteen years of age.
"Sexual conduct" means "sexual penetration", "deviate sexual intercourse", or "sexual contact", as those terms are defined in section 707-700, or "sadomasochistic abuse" as defined in section 707-752.
(3) Prostitution is [
a petty misdemeanor;
provided that:] not an offense provided that the persons are eighteen
years of age or older; but
(a) If] if the person who
commits [ the offense] prostitution under subsection (1)(a) is a
minor, prostitution is a violation[ ; and (b) If the person who commits the offense
under subsection (1)(b) does so in reckless disregard of the fact that the
other person is a victim of sex trafficking, prostitution is a class C felony. (4) A person convicted of committing
the offense of prostitution as a petty misdemeanor shall be sentenced as
follows: (a) For the first offense, when the court
has not deferred further proceedings pursuant to chapter 853, a fine of not
less than $500 but not more than $1,000 and the person may be sentenced to a
term of imprisonment of not more than thirty days or probation; provided that
in the event the convicted person defaults in payment of the fine, and the
default was not contumacious, the court may sentence the person to perform
services for the community as authorized by section 706-605(1). (b) For any subsequent offense, a fine of
not less than $500 but not more than $1,000 and a term of imprisonment of
thirty days or probation, without possibility of deferral of further
proceedings pursuant to chapter 853 and without possibility of suspension of
sentence. (c) For the purpose of this subsection, if
the court has deferred further proceedings pursuant to chapter 853, and
notwithstanding any provision of chapter 853 to the contrary, the defendant
shall not be eligible to apply for expungement pursuant to section 831-3.2
until four years following discharge. A plea previously entered by a defendant
under section 853-1 for a violation of this section shall be considered a prior
offense. When the court has ordered a sentence of probation, the court may
impose as a condition of probation that the defendant complete a course of
prostitution intervention classes; provided that the court may only impose the
condition for one term of probation. (5) This section shall not apply to
any member of a police department, a sheriff, or a law enforcement officer
acting in the course and scope of duties, unless engaged in sexual penetration
or sadomasochistic abuse].
(6)] (4) A minor may be taken
into custody by any police officer without order of the judge when there are
reasonable grounds to believe that the minor has violated subsection (1)(a). The
minor shall be released, referred, or transported pursuant to section
571-31(b). The minor shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the family court
pursuant to section 571-11(1), including for the purposes of custody,
detention, diversion, and access to services and resources."
SECTION 3. Section 712-1209.6, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§712-1209.6 Prostitution; motion to vacate conviction. (1) All convictions for violations of sections 712-1200, 712-1203, 712-1206, and 712-1208 are vacated.
(2) A person convicted of committing
the offense of prostitution under section 712-1200, [
loitering for the
purpose of engaging in or advancing prostitution under section 712-1206,]
street solicitation of prostitution in designated areas under section 712-1207,
or convicted of a lesser offense when originally charged with a violation of
section 712-1200, 712-1206, or 712-1207, may file a motion to vacate the
conviction if the [ defendant's participation in the offense was the result
of the person having been a victim of: (a) Sex trafficking under section 712-1202
or promoting prostitution under section 712-1203; or (b) A severe form of trafficking in
persons as defined in title 22 United States Code section 7102(9)(A). (2) A motion filed under this section
shall: (a) Be in writing; (b) Be signed and sworn to by the
petitioner; (c) Be made within six years after the
date that the person ceases to be a victim as described in subsection (1),
subject to reasonable concerns for the safety of the defendant, family members
of the defendant, or other victims of the trafficking that may be jeopardized
by the bringing of a motion, or for other reasons consistent with the purpose
of this section; (d) Describe all the grounds and evidence
for vacation of a conviction which are available to the petitioner and of which
the petitioner has or by the exercise of reasonable diligence should have
knowledge, and provide copies of any official documents showing that the
defendant is entitled to relief under this section; and (e) Be
subject to the review and written approval of the state agency or county
prosecutor responsible for prosecuting the offense that is the subject of the
motion to vacate conviction.]
defendant had no convictions under the Hawaii penal code in the three years that preceded the defendant's motion.
(3) The court shall hold a hearing on a motion
filed under this section [
if the motion satisfies the requirements of
subsection (2); provided that the court may dismiss a motion without a hearing
if the court finds that the motion fails to assert grounds on which relief may
be granted. (4) If the court grants a motion filed
under this section, the court shall vacate the conviction. (5) A person making a motion to vacate
pursuant to this section has the burden of proof by a preponderance of the
evidence. (6) This section shall not apply to a
motion to vacate a conviction under this chapter for: (a) Sex trafficking under section
712-1202; (b) Promoting prostitution under section
712-1203; or (c) A person who pays, agrees to pay or
offers a fee to another person to engage in sexual conduct.]
to grant or deny the motion to vacate."
SECTION 4. Section 712-1203, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is repealed.
§712-1203 Promoting prostitution.
(1) A person commits the offense of promoting prostitution if the
person knowingly advances or profits from prostitution. (2) Promoting prostitution is a class B
SECTION 5. Section 712-1206, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is repealed.
for the purpose of engaging in or advancing prostitution. (1) For the
purposes of this section, "public place" means any street, sidewalk,
bridge, alley or alleyway, plaza, park, driveway, parking lot or transportation
facility or the doorways and entrance ways to any building which fronts on any
of the aforesaid places, or a motor vehicle in or on any such place. (2) Any person who remains or wanders about
in a public place and repeatedly beckons to or repeatedly stops, or repeatedly
attempts to stop, or repeatedly attempts to engage passers-by in conversation,
or repeatedly stops or attempts to stop motor vehicles, or repeatedly
interferes with the free passage of other persons for the purpose of committing
the crime of prostitution as that term is defined in section 712-1200, shall be
guilty of a violation. (3) Any person who remains or wanders about
in a public place and repeatedly beckons to, or repeatedly stops, or repeatedly
attempts to engage passers-by in conversation, or repeatedly stops or attempts
to stop motor vehicles, or repeatedly interferes with the free passage of other
persons for the purpose of committing the crime of advancing prostitution as
that term is defined in section 712-1201(1) is guilty of a petty misdemeanor."]
SECTION 6. Section 712-1208, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is repealed.
[§712-1208] Promoting travel for
prostitution. (1) A person commits the offense of promoting travel
for prostitution if the person knowingly sells or offers to sell travel
services that include or facilitate travel for the purpose of engaging in what
would be prostitution if occurring in the State. (2) "Travel services" has the
same meaning as in section 468L-1. (3) Promoting travel for prostitution is a
class C felony."]
SECTION 7. Section 712-1209.5, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is repealed.
Habitual solicitation of prostitution. (1) A person commits the offense of habitual
solicitation of prostitution if the person is a habitual prostitution offender
and pays, agrees to pay, or offers to pay a fee to another person to engage in
sexual conduct. (2) For the
purposes of this section, a person has the status of a "habitual
prostitution offender" if the person, at the time of the conduct for which
the person is charged, had two or more convictions within ten years of the
instant offense for: (a) Prostitution, in violation of section
712-1200(1)(b); (b) Street solicitation of prostitution,
in violation of section 712-1207(1)(b); (c) Habitual solicitation of prostitution,
in violation of this section; (d) An offense of any other jurisdiction
that is comparable to one of the offenses in paragraph (a), (b), or (c); or (e) Any combination of the offenses in
paragraph (a), (b), (c), or (d). A conviction for
purposes of this section is a judgment on the verdict or a finding of guilt, or
a plea of guilty or nolo contendere. The convictions must have occurred on
separate dates and be for separate incidents on separate dates. At the time of
the instant offense, the conviction must not have been expunged by pardon,
reversed, or set aside. (3) Habitual
solicitation of prostitution is a class C felony."]
SECTION 8. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 9. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2017.
Repeals Penalties for Prostitution and Related Offenses; Consensual Adult Prostitution; Motion to Vacate the Conviction of Prostitution Offenses
Repeals the penalties for consensual adult prostitution and promotion of adult prostitution. Vacates convictions for conduct that is decriminalized and permits vacating convictions when defendant has no criminal convictions in the preceding three years.
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.