HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TWENTY-NINTH LEGISLATURE, 2017
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO CESSPOOLS.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. Section 235-16.5, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended as follows:
1. By amending subsection (b) to read:
"(b) In the case of a partnership, S corporation, estate, or trust, the tax credit allowable is for qualified expenses incurred by the entity for the taxable year. The expenses upon which the tax credit is computed shall be determined at the entity level. Distribution and share of credit shall be determined by rule.
If a taxpayer is awarded a grant under section 342D-B, no tax credit shall be allowed for that portion of qualified expenses paid for by grant moneys."
2. By amending subsection (e) to read:
"(e) The department of health shall:
(1) Certify all qualified cesspools for the purposes
of this section; [
provided that, as a pilot program, the department of
health, in its discretion, may certify no more than two residential large
capacity cesspools as qualified cesspools;]
(2) Collect and maintain a record of all qualified expenses certified by an appropriate government agency for the taxable year; and
(3) Certify to each taxpayer the amount of credit the taxpayer may claim; provided that if, in any year, the annual amount of certified credits reaches $5,000,000 in the aggregate, the department of health shall immediately discontinue certifying credits and notify the department of taxation.
The director of health may adopt rules under chapter 91 as necessary to implement the certification requirements under this section."
3. By amending subsections (g) and (h) to read:
"(g) If the tax credit under this section
exceeds the taxpayer's income tax liability, the excess of the credit over
may be used as a credit against the taxpayer's income tax
liability in subsequent years until exhausted.] shall be refunded to the
taxpayer; provided that tax credits properly claimed by an individual who has
no income tax liability shall be paid to the individual; provided further that
no refunds or payment on account of the tax credits allowed by this section
shall be made for amounts less than $1. All claims for the tax credit
under this section, including amended claims, shall be filed on or before the
end of the twelfth month following the close of the taxable year for which the
credit may be claimed. Failure to comply with the foregoing provision shall
constitute a waiver of the right to claim the credit.
(h) This section shall not apply to taxable
years beginning after December 31, [
4. By amending the definition of "qualified cesspool" in subsection (i) to read:
""Qualified cesspool" means a
cesspool that is [
(1) Certified by the department of
as being:] to be:
(1)] (A) Located within:
(A)] (i) [ Two] Five
hundred feet of a shoreline, perennial stream, or wetland; or
(B)](ii) A source water
assessment program area (two year time of travel from a cesspool to a public
drinking water source); [ or]
(B) Shown to impact drinking water supplies or recreational waters; or
(2)] (C) A residential large capacity
cesspool[ .]; or
(2) Certified by a county or private sewer company to be appropriate for connection to its existing sewer system."
SECTION 2. Act 120, Session Laws of Hawaii 2015, is amended by amending section 4 to read as follows:
"SECTION 4. This Act shall take effect on
July 1, 2015, and shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31,
2015; provided that this Act shall be repealed on December 31, [
SECTION 3. Chapter 342D, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding two new sections to part IV to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
"§342D-A Cesspools; mandatory upgrade, conversion, or connection. (a) Prior to January 1, 2050, every cesspool in the State, excluding cesspools granted exemptions by the director of health pursuant to subsection (b), shall be:
(1) Upgraded or converted to a septic system or aerobic treatment unit system; or
(2) Connected to a sewerage system.
(b) The director of health may grant exemptions from the requirements of subsection (a) to property owners of cesspools that apply for an exemption and present documentation showing a legitimate reason that makes it infeasible to upgrade, convert, or connect the cesspools. For the purposes of this subsection, a legitimate reason shall include but not be limited to the following:
(1) Small lot size;
(2) Steep topography;
(3) Poor soils; and
(4) Accessibility issues.
(c) As used in this section:
"Aerobic treatment unit system" means an individual wastewater system that consists of an aerobic treatment unit tank, aeration device, piping, and a discharge method that is in accordance with rules adopted by the department relating to household aerobic units.
"Cesspool" means an individual wastewater system consisting of an excavation in the ground whose depth is greater than its widest surface dimension, which receives untreated wastewater, and retains or is designed to retain the organic matter and solids discharged into it, but permits the liquid to seep through its bottom or sides to gain access to the underground geographic formation.
"Septic system" means an individual wastewater system that typically consists of a septic tank, piping, and a drainage field where there is natural biological decontamination as wastewater discharged into the system is filtered through soil.
§342D-B Cesspool compliance grant program. (a) There is established in the department the cesspool compliance grant program to assist homeowners in meeting the costs of:
(1) Upgrading or converting a cesspool to a septic system or aerobic treatment unit system; or
(2) Connecting a cesspool to a sewerage system,
in compliance with section 342D-A.
(b) No grant under this section shall be awarded to a homeowner who is:
(1) A taxpayer filing a single return or a married person filing separately with a federal adjusted gross income of $ or more;
(2) A taxpayer filing as a head of household with a federal adjusted gross income of $ or more; or
(3) A taxpayer filing a joint return or as a surviving spouse with a federal adjusted gross income of $ or more.
(c) The department shall adopt rules to carry out the purposes of the grant program. Rules adopted pursuant to this section shall include a method of calculating a sliding scale grant amount based on the federal adjusted gross income of the homeowner."
SECTION 4. There is appropriated out of the general revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $ or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2017-2018 for deposit into the water pollution control revolving fund.
SECTION 5. There is appropriated out of the water pollution control revolving fund the sum of $ or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2017-2018 to implement the cesspool compliance grant program.
The sum appropriated shall be expended by the department of health for the purposes of this part.
SECTION 6. In codifying the new sections added by section 3 of this Act, the revisor of statutes shall substitute appropriate section numbers for the letters used in designating the new sections in this Act.
SECTION 7. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.
SECTION 8. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 9. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2017; provided that section 1 shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017.
Cesspools; Tax Credit; Upgrade, Conversion, or Connection; Grant; Appropriation
Amends the cesspool upgrade, conversion, or connection income tax credit for taxable years beginning after 12/31/17 to make it refundable, applicable to more cesspools, and applicable through 12/31/2022. Requires upgrade, conversion, or connection to the sewer system of all cesspools in the State before 2050 unless exempted by the director of health. Establishes a grant program to mitigate costs. Appropriates funds for the grant program. (SD1)
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.