Honolulu, Hawaii


RE: S.B. No. 119

S.D. 1




Honorable Ronald D. Kouchi

President of the Senate

Twenty-Ninth State Legislature

Regular Session of 2017

State of Hawaii




Your Committee on Commerce, Consumer Protection, and Health, to which was referred S.B. No. 119 entitled:




begs leave to report as follows:


The purpose and intent of this measure is to:


(1) Require landlords to disclose in writing a tenant's ability to establish a new due date for rent payment, if the tenant receives public assistance; and


(2) Establish a cap of five percent on late rent payment fees.


Your Committee received testimony in support of this measure from the Governor's Coordinator on Homelessness and Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs Office of Consumer Protection. Your Committee received comments on this measure from the Hawaii Association of REALTORS.


Your Committee finds that existing law requires a landlord to honor a tenant's request to establish a new due date if the tenant is receiving public assistance. This measure requires this right to be disclosed in writing to a tenant, which will ensure that a tenant receiving public assistance is fully aware that the tenant has the ability to move the due date to a period after which the tenant receives a public assistance payment.


Your Committee further finds that existing law does not set limitations on the amount of late fees that a landlord may charge a tenant, which has resulted in a wide variance in amounts charged and has led to outrageous abuses. According to testimony from the Office of Consumer Protection, the Office has been informed by some tenants that the tenants have been subject to late fees of more than twenty percent for being one day late. Other tenants have reported a fee of $100 for each day of late payment. According to testimony from the Governor's Coordinator on Homelessness, service providers have shared reports of homeless individuals and families being charged excessive late fees, and later being evicted as a result of those accumulated fees.


This measure therefore requires that when a rental agreement provides for a late charge payable for rent not paid when due, the late charge shall be capped at five percent of the amount of rent due. Your Committee notes that Maryland, Oregon, and Delaware all set late fee limitations at five percent. The five percent limitation is also consistent with existing Hawaii law governing late charges on consumer credit sale contracts and correlates with the late fees that numerous mortgagee lenders impose on mortgagor borrowers.


Your Committee has heard the testimony requesting a delayed implementation to provide sufficient time for the update of all relevant rental agreement forms. Although your Committee understands these concerns, your Committee believes it is important for the cap on late fees to be implemented as soon as possible, as your Committee is deeply concerned that a delay in implementing the cap will have a negative effect on vulnerable tenants with unscrupulous landlords or rental agents. Your Committee notes that interested parties indicated a willingness to continue discussions regarding necessary updates to rental agreement forms. Further discussion on the implementation date of this measure may be warranted, and may require the Hawaii Association of REALTORS and the Real Estate Commission to notify members of the upcoming changes.


Finally, your Committee notes that once the effective date of this measure has been determined, it is your Committee's intent for the requirements of this measure to apply to all new rental agreements and all rental agreement renewals entered into on or after the effective date of this measure.


Accordingly, your Committee has amended this measure by:


(1) Inserting an effective date of July 1, 2050, to encourage further discussion; and


(2) Clarifying that this measure shall apply to all rental agreements and all rental agreement renewals entered into on or after the effective date of this measure.


As affirmed by the record of votes of the members of your Committee on Commerce, Consumer Protection, and Health that is attached to this report, your Committee is in accord with the intent and purpose of S.B. No. 119, as amended herein, and recommends that it pass Second Reading in the form attached hereto as S.B. No. 119, S.D. 1, and be placed on the calendar for Third Reading.


Respectfully submitted on behalf of the members of the Committee on Commerce, Consumer Protection, and Health,