HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TWENTY-EIGHTH LEGISLATURE, 2015
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO CROSSWALK SAFETY.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that confusion exists as to when a vehicle must yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian who plans to cross or is crossing a roadway, particularly with regard to when a pedestrian is considered to be within an intersection or adjacent crosswalk.
The legislature also finds that section 291C-33, Hawaii Revised Statutes, relating to pedestrian-control signals, was last amended in 1981. This section needs to be updated to include countdown timers and to clarify when a pedestrian is allowed to cross when the countdown timer is operating. Countdown timers show pedestrians how many seconds are left to cross the street before the pedestrian signal changes from a flashing "Don't Walk" to a steady "Don't Walk" or upraised palm indication.
The purpose of this measure is to clarify:
(1) The requirement that a driver of a motor vehicle yield to a pedestrian by specifying when a pedestrian is considered to be within an intersection or adjacent crosswalk; and
(2) When pedestrians may enter a crosswalk equipped with a countdown timer.
SECTION 2. Section 291C-32, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§291C-32 Traffic-control signal legend. (a) Whenever traffic is controlled by traffic-control signals exhibiting different colored lights, or colored lighted arrows, successively one at a time or in combination, only the colors green, red, and yellow shall be used, except for special pedestrian signals carrying a word or symbol legend, and the lights shall indicate and apply to drivers of vehicles and pedestrians as follows:
(1) Green indication:
(A) Vehicular traffic facing a circular green signal may proceed straight through or turn right or left unless a sign at the place prohibits either such turn. But vehicular traffic, including vehicles turning right or left, shall yield the right-of-way to other vehicles and to pedestrians lawfully within the intersection or an adjacent crosswalk at the time such signal is exhibited.
(B) Vehicular traffic facing a green arrow signal, shown alone or in combination with another indication, may cautiously enter the intersection only to make the movement indicated by such arrow, or such other movement as is permitted by other indications shown at the same time. Such vehicular traffic shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians lawfully within an adjacent crosswalk and to other traffic lawfully using the intersection.
(C) Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control signal, as provided in section 291C-33, pedestrians facing any green signal, except when the sole green signal is a turn arrow, may proceed across the roadway within any marked or unmarked crosswalk.
(2) Steady yellow indication:
(A) Vehicular traffic facing a steady yellow signal is thereby warned that the related green movement is being terminated or that a red indication will be exhibited immediately thereafter when vehicular traffic shall not enter the intersection.
(B) Pedestrians facing a steady yellow signal, unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control signal as provided in section 291C-33, are thereby advised that there is insufficient time to cross the roadway before a red indication is shown and no pedestrian shall then start to cross the roadway.
(3) Steady red indication:
(A) Vehicular traffic facing a steady red signal alone shall stop at a clearly marked stop line, but if none, before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, if none, then before entering the intersection and shall remain standing until an indication to proceed is shown, except as provided in the next succeeding paragraphs.
(B) The driver of a vehicle which is stopped in obedience to a steady red indication may make a right turn but shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and other traffic proceeding as directed by the signal at said intersection, except that counties by ordinance may prohibit any such right turn against a steady red indication, which ordinance shall be effective when a sign is erected at such intersection giving notice thereof.
(C) The driver of a vehicle on a one-way street which intersects another one-way street on which traffic moves to the left shall stop in obedience to a steady red indication but may then make a left turn into said one-way street, but shall yield right-of-way to pedestrians, proceeding as directed by the signal at said intersection except that counties by ordinance may prohibit any such left turn as above described which ordinance shall be effective when a sign is erected at such intersection giving notice thereof.
(D) Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control signal as provided in section 291C-33, pedestrians facing a steady red signal alone shall not enter the roadway.
(b) In the event an official traffic-control signal is erected and maintained at a place other than an intersection, the provisions of this section shall be applicable except as to those provisions which by their nature can have no application. Any stop required shall be made at a sign or marking on the pavement indicating where the stop shall be made, but in the absence of any such sign or marking the stop shall be made at the signal.
(c) As used in this section, a pedestrian is lawfully within an intersection or adjacent crosswalk when any part or extension of the pedestrian, including any part of the pedestrian's body, wheelchair, cane crutch, or bicycle, is beyond the curb or the edges of the traversable roadway or moves onto the roadway within an intersection or crosswalk."
SECTION 3. Section 291C-33, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§291C-33 Pedestrian-control signals.
Whenever special pedestrian-control signals, exhibiting the [
"Walk" or the symbol of a walking person; the words
"Don't Walk" or the [ symbols] symbol of [ a walking
person or] an upraised palm; or a countdown timer are in place [ such],
these signals shall indicate as follows:
(1) Walk or Walking Person. Pedestrians facing [
the signal may proceed across the roadway in the direction of the signal
and shall be given the right-of-way by the drivers of all vehicles[ .];
(2) Don't Walk or Upraised Palm. No pedestrian shall
start to cross the roadway in the direction of [
such] the signal,
whether flashing or steady, but any pedestrian who has partially completed the
pedestrian's crossing on the Walk or Walking Person signal shall complete the
crossing to a sidewalk or safety island while the Don't Walk or Upraised Palm
signal is showing[ .]; and
(3) Countdown timer. If the pedestrian-control signal is equipped with a countdown timer, no pedestrian shall start to cross the roadway in the direction of the signal when the countdown timer begins operating, but any pedestrian who has partially completed the pedestrian's crossing when the countdown timer begins operating shall complete the crossing to a sidewalk or safety island while the countdown timer is operating."
SECTION 4. Section 291C-72, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
"(a) The driver of a vehicle shall stop for a pedestrian who is crossing the roadway within a crosswalk when the pedestrian is either:
(1) Upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is traveling; or
(2) Approaching the vehicle so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger,
and shall not proceed until the pedestrian has passed the vehicle and the driver can safely proceed.
As used in this section, a pedestrian is crossing the roadway within a crosswalk when any part or extension of the pedestrian, including any part of the pedestrian's body, wheelchair, cane, crutch, or bicycle, is beyond the curb or the edges of the traversable roadway within a crosswalk with the intent to proceed."
SECTION 5. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 6. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.
SECTION 7. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Crosswalk Safety; Pedestrians; Countdown Timers
Clarifies when the driver of a vehicle must yield for a pedestrian crossing the roadway. Clarifies when pedestrians may enter a crosswalk equipped with a countdown timer. (HB32 CD1)
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.