HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TWENTY-EIGHTH LEGISLATURE, 2015
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO HOUSING.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. Section 46-4, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§46-4 County zoning. (a) This section and any ordinance, rule, or regulation adopted in accordance with this section shall apply to lands not contained within the forest reserve boundaries as established on January 31, 1957, or as subsequently amended.
Zoning in all counties shall be accomplished within the framework of a long-range, comprehensive general plan prepared or being prepared to guide the overall future development of the county. Zoning shall be one of the tools available to the county to put the general plan into effect in an orderly manner. Zoning in the counties of Hawaii, Maui, and Kauai means the establishment of districts of such number, shape, and area, and the adoption of regulations for each district to carry out the purposes of this section. In establishing or regulating the districts, full consideration shall be given to all available data as to soil classification and physical use capabilities of the land to allow and encourage the most beneficial use of the land consonant with good zoning practices. The zoning power granted herein shall be exercised by ordinance which may relate to:
(1) The areas within which agriculture, forestry, industry, trade, and business may be conducted;
(2) The areas in which residential uses may be regulated or prohibited;
(3) The areas bordering natural watercourses, channels, and streams, in which trades or industries, filling or dumping, erection of structures, and the location of buildings may be prohibited or restricted;
(4) The areas in which particular uses may be subjected to special restrictions;
(5) The location of buildings and structures designed for specific uses and designation of uses for which buildings and structures may not be used or altered;
(6) The location, height, bulk, number of stories, and size of buildings and other structures;
(7) The location of roads, schools, and recreation areas;
(8) Building setback lines and future street lines;
(9) The density and distribution of population;
(10) The percentage of a lot that may be occupied, size of yards, courts, and other open spaces;
(11) Minimum and maximum lot sizes; and
(12) Other regulations the boards or city council find necessary and proper to permit and encourage the orderly development of land resources within their jurisdictions.
The council of any county shall prescribe rules, regulations, and administrative procedures and provide personnel it finds necessary to enforce this section and any ordinance enacted in accordance with this section. The ordinances may be enforced by appropriate fines and penalties, civil or criminal, or by court order at the suit of the county or the owner or owners of real estate directly affected by the ordinances.
Any civil fine or penalty provided by ordinance under this section may be imposed by the district court, or by the zoning agency after an opportunity for a hearing pursuant to chapter 91. The proceeding shall not be a prerequisite for any injunctive relief ordered by the circuit court.
Nothing in this section shall invalidate any zoning ordinance or regulation adopted by any county or other agency of government pursuant to the statutes in effect prior to July 1, 1957.
The powers granted herein
shall be liberally construed in favor of the county exercising them, and in
such a manner as to promote the orderly development of each county or city and
county in accordance with a long-range, comprehensive general plan to ensure
the greatest benefit for the State as a whole. This section shall not be construed
to limit or repeal any powers of any county to achieve these ends through
zoning and building regulations, except insofar as forest and water reserve
zones are concerned and as provided in subsections (c) [
and], (d)[ .],
Neither this section nor any ordinance enacted pursuant to this section shall prohibit the continued lawful use of any building or premises for any trade, industrial, residential, agricultural, or other purpose for which the building or premises is used at the time this section or the ordinance takes effect; provided that a zoning ordinance may provide for elimination of nonconforming uses as the uses are discontinued, or for the amortization or phasing out of nonconforming uses or signs over a reasonable period of time in commercial, industrial, resort, and apartment zoned areas only. In no event shall such amortization or phasing out of nonconforming uses apply to any existing building or premises used for residential (single-family or duplex) or agricultural uses. Nothing in this section shall affect or impair the powers and duties of the director of transportation as set forth in chapter 262.
(b) Any final order of a zoning agency established under this section may be appealed to the circuit court of the circuit in which the land in question is found. The appeal shall be in accordance with the Hawaii rules of civil procedure.
(c) Each county may adopt reasonable standards to allow the construction of two single-family dwelling units on any lot where a residential dwelling unit is permitted.
(d) Each county may adopt reasonable standards to allow construction of accessory dwelling units on any lot where a residential dwelling unit is permitted. For purposes of this subsection, "accessory dwelling unit" means a separate living area, with its own kitchen, bathroom, and sleeping facilities, which:
(1) May be occupied by any person;
(2) Is built on a lot that permits a residential dwelling unit; and
(3) May be inside, attached to, or detached from the permitted residential dwelling unit.
(d)] (e) Neither
this section nor any other law, county ordinance, or rule shall prohibit group
living in facilities with eight or fewer residents for purposes or functions
that are licensed, certified, registered, or monitored by the State; provided
that a resident manager or a resident supervisor and the resident manager's or
resident supervisor's family shall not be included in this resident count.
These group living facilities shall meet all applicable county requirements not
inconsistent with the intent of this subsection, including but not limited to
building height, setback, maximum lot coverage, parking, and floor area
(e)] (f) Neither
this section nor any other law, county ordinance, or rule shall prohibit the
use of land for employee housing and community buildings in plantation
community subdivisions as defined in section 205-4.5(a)(12); in addition, no
zoning ordinance shall provide for the elimination, amortization, or phasing
out of plantation community subdivisions as a nonconforming use."
SECTION 2. Section 205-2, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
"(c) Rural districts shall include activities or uses as
characterized by low density residential lots of not more than one dwelling
house per one-half acre, except as provided by county ordinance pursuant to [
sections 46-4(c)[ ,] and 46-4(d), in areas where
"city-like" concentration of people, structures, streets, and urban
level of services are absent, and where small farms are intermixed with low
density residential lots except that within a subdivision, as defined in
section 484-1, the commission for good cause may allow one lot of less than
one-half acre, but not less than eighteen thousand five hundred square
feet, or an equivalent residential density, within a rural subdivision
and permit the construction of one dwelling on such lot; provided that all
other dwellings in the subdivision shall have a minimum lot size of one-half
acre or 21,780 square feet. Such petition for variance may be processed under
the special permit procedure. These districts may include contiguous areas
which are not suited to low density residential lots or small farms by reason
of topography, soils, and other related characteristics. Rural districts shall
also include golf courses, golf driving ranges, and golf-related facilities.
In addition to the uses listed in this subsection, rural districts shall include geothermal resources exploration and geothermal resources development, as defined under section 182‑1, as permissible uses."
SECTION 3. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 4. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Accessory Dwelling Units; County Authorization
Authorizes the counties to adopt reasonable standards to allow construction of accessory dwelling units.
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.