STAND. COM. REP. NO. 2576
RE: S.B. No. 2816
Honorable Ronald D. Kouchi
President of the Senate
Twenty-Eighth State Legislature
Regular Session of 2016
State of Hawaii
Your Committee on Judiciary and Labor, to which was referred S.B. No. 2816 entitled:
"A BILL FOR AN ACT RELATING TO CRIMINAL TRESPASS,"
begs leave to report as follows:
The purpose and intent of this measure is to:
(1) Establish the offense of criminal trespass onto state lands and make the offense a petty misdemeanor; and
(2) Amend the offense of criminal trespass in the second degree to include and apply to agricultural property owned by the government that is not fenced, enclosed, or otherwise secured in a manner designed to exclude intruders, but has appropriate signage giving notice that the property is government property and that trespassing is prohibited.
Your Committee received testimony in support of this measure from the Department of the Attorney General, Department of Land and Natural Resources, and Department of Transportation. Your Committee received testimony in opposition to this measure from the Americans for Democratic Action Hawai‘i, American Civil Liberties Union of Hawai‘i, and two individuals.
Your Committee finds that it is not clear whether existing criminal trespass laws apply to improved state lands, state land on or under any highway, or unfenced, unenclosed, or unsecured agricultural lands owned by the State. This measure addresses the application of criminal trespass laws with respect to state lands to provide a stronger and clearer deterrent to illegal activity.
Your Committee has amended this measure by:
(1) Deleting references to the "functional equivalent" with respect to signs that provide reasonable notice that the land is government property and that trespassing is prohibited;
(2) Specifying that for purposes of criminal trespass onto state lands, land is not "improved state land" solely due to state maintenance activities;
(3) Requiring the Department of the Attorney General to submit a written report to the Legislature prior to the Regular Session of 2018, regarding the extent to which the criminal trespassing laws in this measure have been utilized;
(4) Inserting a savings clause;
(5) Inserting a sunset date of January 1, 2021;
(6) Inserting an effective date of January 7, 2059, to encourage further discussion; and
(7) Making technical, nonsubstantive amendments for the purposes of clarity and consistency.
As affirmed by the record of votes of the members of your Committee on Judiciary and Labor that is attached to this report, your Committee is in accord with the intent and purpose of S.B. No. 2816, as amended herein, and recommends that it pass Second Reading in the form attached hereto as S.B. No. 2816, S.D. 1, and be placed on the calendar for Third Reading.
Respectfully submitted on behalf of the members of the Committee on Judiciary and Labor,
GILBERT S.C. KEITH-AGARAN, Chair