TWENTY-EIGHTH LEGISLATURE, 2015
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
Relating to Historic preservation.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that the existing Historic Preservation Act, HRS §6E et seq., in current form is inconsistent with the spirit and intent of the law. As drafted and enforced, the current language elicits confusion and frustration to the public at large. Clarification is necessary to ensure responsible enforcement of the goals of historic preservation by state agencies. Revisions are needed to balance interests in preservation of historical and culturally significant findings against private landowner property rights.
Originally enacted as S.B. NO. 2909-76 in 1976, the Historic Preservation Program was passed in response to "rapid social and economic developments," which have greatly curtailed over the last three decades.
In current times, the state has unique challenges that threaten the sustainability of development and infrastructure improvement. The Historic Preservation Program that was initiated to preserve state assets may now threaten those very same assets due to the prohibitive cost of restoration. Natural disasters including, but not limited to hurricanes, tsunamis, and destruction of property by active lava flows, necessitate exemptions to the existing statutory scheme. When natural forces destroy historic places and property, private landowners are saddled with the extreme costs of restoration. Following a state of emergency, the state shall provide funding for the preservation of places, artifacts, or structures of particular importance to the state. Where the state has no interest in the preservation of a particular place or property, private landowners have discretion to replace historic property with modern infrastructure.
These updates to the Historic Preservation Act will reduce confusion, streamline administrative procedures, and reduce the high costs incurred when restoring historic property.
"§ SECTION 2. Chapter 6E-1, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"PART I. HISTORIC PRESERVATION PROGRAM
[§6E-1] Declaration of intent.
The Constitution of the State of Hawaii recognizes the value of conserving and
developing the historic and cultural property within the State for the public
good. The legislature declares that the historic and cultural heritage of the
State is among its important assets. [
and that the rapid social and
economic developments of contemporary society threaten to destroy the remaining
vestiges of this heritage.] The legislature further declares that it is in
the public interest to [ engage in a comprehensive program of historic
preservation at all levels of government to] promote the use and
conservation of such property for the education, inspiration, pleasure, and
enrichment of its citizens. The legislature further declares that it shall be
the public policy of this State to [ provide leadership] cooperate
with private landowners in preserving, restoring, and maintaining historic
and cultural property[ , to ensure the administration of such historic and
cultural property] in a spirit of stewardship and trusteeship for
future generations, and [ to conduct activities, plans, and programs] in
a manner consistent with the preservation and enhancement of historic and
SECTION 3. Chapter 6E-2, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§6E-2 Definitions. As used in this chapter:
"Aviation artifact" means airplanes, fallen aircraft, crash sites, or any objects or materials associated with the history of aerospace in Hawaii which are over fifty years old, or determined to be of exceptional historic significance by the department. This term includes but is not limited to actual aircraft, aircraft parts, military equipment, books, documents, and other aviation related items.
"Burial good" means any item [
believed] determined to have been intentionally placed with the
human skeletal remains of an individual or individuals at the time of burial.
"Burial site" means any [
unmarked] location where prehistoric or historic human skeletal remains and
their associated burial goods are interred, [ and its immediate surrounding
archaeological context, deemed a unique class of historic property] and not
otherwise included in section 6E-41.
"Department" means the department of land and natural resources.
"Historic preservation" means the
research, protection, restoration, and rehabilitation[
interpretation] of buildings, structures, objects, districts, areas, and
sites, including underwater sites and burial sites, significant to the history,
architecture, archaeology, or culture of this State, its communities, or the
"Historic property" means
a building, structure, object, district, area, or site, including heiau, significant
to the history, architecture, archaeology, or culture of this State, its
communities, or the nation [ and underwater site, which is] over
fifty years old.
"Human skeletal remains" means the
body or [
any] remaining part of the body of a deceased human
"Mitigation plan" means a plan, approved by the department, for the care and disposition of historic properties, aviation artifacts, and burial sites or the contents thereof, that includes monitoring, protection, restoration, and interpretation plans.
"Person" means any individual, firm, corporation, partnership, or association.
"Programmatic agreement" means a document that sets forth the terms of a formal, legally binding agreement and establishes a process for consultation, review, and compliance with federal laws.
"Project" means any activity directly
undertaken by the State or its political subdivisions or supported in whole or
in part through appropriations, contracts, grants, subsidies, loans, or other
forms of funding assistance from the State or its political subdivisions,
or involving any
lease, permit, license or[ , certificate,]land
use change[ , or other entitlement for use] issued by the State or its
"State historic preservation officer" means that officer appointed by the governor as provided in section 6E-5.
SECTION 4. Chapter 6E-4, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"[§6E-4] Administration. All
state historic areas to the operations of the department of accounting and
general services [
shall] may be transferred by executive order to
the department, except as provided in section 6E-33. All state projects and
programs relating to historic preservation shall come under the authority of
SECTION 5. Chapter 6E-7, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§6E-7 State title to historic property. (a) All historic property located on lands or under waters owned or controlled by the State shall be the property of the State. The control and management of the historic property shall be vested in the department.
(b) The department may dispose of the historic property subject to chapter 171 and subject further to those reservations, restrictions, covenants, or conditions which relate to the preservation of the historic property, such as rights of access, public visitation, operation, maintenance, restoration, and repair. The department shall determine the conditions for any research affecting the historic property and may issue permits for the research.
(c) The State shall hold known burial sites
located on lands or under waters owned or controlled by the State in trust for
preservation or proper disposition by the lineal [
(d) The State shall not transfer any historic property or aviation artifact under its jurisdiction without the concurrence of the department, and shall not transfer any burial site under its jurisdiction without consulting the appropriate island burial council.
SECTION 6. Chapter 6E-8, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§6E-8 Review of effect of proposed state projects. (a) Before any agency or officer of the State or its political subdivisions commences any project which may affect historic property, aviation artifact, or a burial site, the agency or officer shall advise the department and allow the department an opportunity for review of the effect of the proposed project on historic properties, aviation artifacts, or burial sites, consistent with section 6E-43, especially those listed on the Hawaii register of historic places. The proposed project shall not be commenced, or if it has already begun, continued, until the department has given its written concurrence. If:
(1) The proposed project consists of corridors or large land areas;
(2) Access to properties is restricted; or
(3) Circumstances dictate that construction be done in stages,
the department may give its written concurrence based on a phased review of the project; provided that there shall be a programmatic agreement between the department and the project applicant that identifies each phase and the estimated timelines for each phase.
shall provide written concurrence or non-concurrence within [
days after the filing of a request with the department. The agency or officer
seeking to proceed with the project, or any person, may appeal the department's
concurrence or non-concurrence to the Hawaii historic places review board. An
agency, officer, or other person who is dissatisfied with the decision of the
review board may apply to the governor, who may take action as the governor
deems best in overruling or sustaining the department.
(b) The department of Hawaiian home lands, prior to any proposed project relating to lands under its jurisdiction, shall consult with the department regarding the effect of the project upon historic property or a burial site.
(c) The State, its political subdivisions, agencies, and officers shall report to the department the finding of any historic property during any project and shall cooperate with the department in the investigation, recording, preservation, and salvage of the property.
(d) The department shall adopt rules in accordance with chapter 91 to implement this section. "
SECTION 7. Chapter 6E-9, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"[§6E-9] Investigation, recording, preservation, and salvage; appropriations. Whenever there is any project by any government agency on lands which are owned or controlled by the State or its political subdivisions and which have historic property or value, one per cent of the appropriations for the project or so much thereof as may be necessary, may be expended for the investigation, recording, preservation, and salvage of such historical property or value. Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the expenditure of more than one per cent of the project appropriations for the purposes herein stated should an additional amount be necessary and mutually agreed to by the department and the government agency planning the construction or improvement.
SECTION 8. Chapter 6E-10, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§6E-10 Privately owned historic
property. (a) Before any construction, alteration, disposition or
improvement of any nature, by, for, or permitted by a private landowner may be
commenced which will affect an historic property on the Hawaii register of
historic places, the landowner shall notify the department of the construction,
alteration, disposition, or improvement of any nature and allow the department
opportunity for review of the effect of the proposed construction, alteration,
disposition, or improvement of any nature on the historic property. The
proposed construction, alteration, disposition, or improvement of any nature
shall not be commenced, or in the event it has already begun, continue, until
the department shall have given its concurrence or ninety days have elapsed.
ninety] thirty days after notification, the department
(1) Commence condemnation proceedings for the purchase of the historic property if the department and property owner do not agree upon an appropriate course of action;
(2) Permit the owner to proceed with the owner's construction, alteration, or improvement; or
(3) In coordination with the owner, undertake or permit the investigation, recording, preservation, and salvage of any historical information deemed necessary to preserve Hawaiian history, by any qualified agency for this purpose.
(b) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the ordinary maintenance or repair of any feature in or on an historic property that does not involve a change in design, material, or outer appearance or change in those characteristics which qualified the historic property for entry onto the Hawaii register of historic places.
(c) Any person, natural or corporate, who violates the provisions of this section shall be fined not more than $1,000, and each day of continued violation shall constitute a distinct and separate offense, not to exceed $30,000 in aggregate, under this section for which the offender may be punished.
(d) If funds for the acquisition of needed property are not available, the governor may, upon the recommendation of the department allocate from the contingency fund an amount sufficient to acquire an option on the property or for the immediate acquisition, preservation, restoration, or operation of the property.
(e) The department may enter, solely in performance of its official duties and only at reasonable times, upon private lands for examination or survey thereof. Whenever any member of the department duly authorized to conduct investigations and surveys of an historic or cultural nature determines that entry onto private lands for examination or survey of historic or cultural finding is required, the department shall give written notice of the finding to the owner or occupant of such property at least five days prior to entry. If entry is refused, the member may make a complaint to the district court in the circuit in which such land is located. The district court may thereupon issue a warrant, directed to any police officer of the circuit, commanding the officer to take sufficient aid, and, being accompanied by a member of the department, between the hours of sunrise and sunset, allow the member of the department to examine or survey the historic or cultural property.
SECTION 9. Chapter 6E-10.5, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"[§6E-10.5] Enforcement. (a) If the board of land and natural resources determines that any person has violated or is violating this chapter, or any rule adopted pursuant to this chapter, the board shall serve written notice by certified mail or personal service upon the alleged violator or violators specifying the alleged violation and may include with the notice:
(1) An order specifying a reasonable time during which that person shall be required to take such measures as may be necessary to correct the violation and to give periodic progress reports;
(2) An order imposing penalties provided in section 6E-11.6; and
(3) An order that the alleged violator or violators appear before the board for a hearing at a time and place specified in the notice or to be set later and answer the charges complained of.
(b) If the board determines that any person is continuing to violate this chapter or any rule adopted pursuant to this chapter after having been served notice of violation, the board shall serve written notice by certified mail or personal service upon the alleged violator or violators specifying the alleged violation. With the notice, the board:
(1) Shall order the alleged violator or violators to submit a written schedule within thirty days specifying the measures to be taken and the time within which the measures shall be taken to bring that person into compliance with this chapter or any rule adopted thereunder. The board shall accept or modify the submitted schedule within sixty days of receipt of the schedule. Any schedule not acted upon after sixty days of receipt by the board shall be deemed accepted by the board;
(2) Shall order the alleged violator or violators to cease and desist from the activities that violate this chapter or any rule adopted thereunder, if that person does not submit a written schedule to the board within thirty days. This order shall remain in effect until the board accepts the written schedule;
(3) May impose penalties as provided in section 6E-11.6; and
(4) May order the alleged violator or violators to appear before the board for a hearing to answer the charges issued, at a time and place specified in the notice or otherwise set by the board.
(c) If the board determines that any person has violated an accepted schedule or an order issued pursuant to this section, the board shall impose penalties by sending a notice in writing, either by certified mail or by personal service to that person, describing such non-adherence or violation with reasonable particularity.
(d) Any order issued pursuant to this chapter
shall become final, unless the person or persons named therein requests in
writing, not later than [
twenty] thirty days after notice of
violation and order is served, a hearing before the board. Upon request for a
hearing, the board shall require that the alleged violator or violators appear
before the board for a hearing to answer the charges issued, at a time and
place specified in the notice or otherwise set by the board.
Any penalty imposed pursuant to this chapter
shall become due and payable [
twenty] thirty days after the
notice of penalty is served, unless the person or persons named therein
requests in writing a hearing before the board. Whenever a hearing is
requested on any penalty imposed pursuant to this chapter, the penalty shall
become due and payable only upon completion of all review proceedings and the
issuance of a final order confirming the penalty in whole or in part.
(e) Any hearing conducted pursuant to this section shall be conducted as a contested case under chapter 91. If, after a hearing held pursuant to this section, the board finds that a violation or violations has occurred, the board shall:
(1) Affirm or modify any penalties imposed;
(2) Modify or affirm the order previously issued; or
(3) Issue an appropriate order or orders for the prevention, abatement, or control of the violation or for the taking of such other corrective action as may be appropriate.
Any order issued after a hearing may prescribe timetables for necessary action in preventing, abating, or controlling the violation. If, after a hearing on an order or penalty contained in a notice, the board finds that no violation has occurred or is occurring, the board shall rescind the order or penalty.
(f) If the amount of any penalty is not paid to the department within thirty days after it becomes due and payable, the board may institute a civil action in the name of the State to collect the administrative penalty, which shall be a government realization. In any proceeding to collect the administrative penalty imposed, the board need only show that:
(1) Notice was given;
(2) A hearing was held, or the time granted for requesting a hearing has run without such a request;
(3) The administrative penalty was imposed; and
(4) The penalty remains unpaid.
(g) In connection with any hearing held pursuant to this section, the board may subpoena the attendance of witnesses and the production of evidence on behalf of all parties.
SECTION 10. Chapter 6E-11, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§6E-11 Civil and administrative violations. (a) It shall be a civil and administrative violation for any person to take, appropriate, excavate, injure, destroy, or alter any historic property or aviation artifact located upon the private lands of any owner thereof without the owner's written permission being first obtained. It shall be a civil and administrative violation for any person to take, appropriate, excavate, injure, destroy, or alter any historic property or aviation artifact located upon lands owned or controlled by the State or any of its political subdivisions, except as permitted by the department, or to knowingly violate the conditions set forth in an approved mitigation plan that includes monitoring and preservation plans.
(b) It shall be a civil and administrative violation for any person to knowingly take, appropriate, excavate, injure, destroy, or alter any burial site, or the contents thereof, located on private lands or lands owned or controlled by the State or any of its political subdivisions, except as permitted by the department, to knowingly fail to re-inter human remains discovered on the lands in a reasonable period of time as determined by the department, or to knowingly violate the conditions set forth in an approved mitigation plan that includes monitoring and preservation plans.
(c) It shall be a civil and administrative violation for any person to take, appropriate, excavate, injure, destroy, or alter any historic property or burial site during the course of land development or land alteration activities to which section 6E-42 applies, without obtaining the required approval.
(d) It shall be a civil and administrative violation for any person who inadvertently discovers a burial site to fail to stop work in the immediate area and report the discovery, as required by section 6E-43.6.
(e) It shall be a civil and administrative violation for any person to knowingly glue together any human skeletal remains, label any human skeletal remains with any type of marking pen, or conduct any tests that destroy human skeletal remains, as defined in section 6E-2, except as permitted by the department.
(f) Any person who violates this section shall
be fined not more than $10,000 for each separate violation. If the violator
directly or indirectly has caused the loss of, or damage to, any historic
property or burial site, the violator shall be fined an additional amount
determined by the court or an administrative adjudicative authority to be
equivalent to the value of the lost or damaged historic property or burial
site. Each day of continued violation of this provision shall constitute a
distinct and separate violation for which the violator may be punished.
Equipment used by a violator for the taking, appropriation, excavation, injury,
destruction, or alteration of any historic property or burial site, [
the transportation of the violator to or from the historic property or burial
site,] shall be subject to seizure and disposition by the State [ without
compensation to its owner or owners].
(g) Any person who knowingly violates this chapter with respect to burial sites shall also be prohibited from participating in the construction of any state or county funded project for ten years, subject to the discretion of the director.
(h) Nothing in this section shall apply to land altering activities relating to family burial plots under section 441-5.5.
(i) The civil and administrative penalties imposed pursuant to this chapter shall be in addition to the criminal penalties provided by this chapter and any other penalties that may be imposed pursuant to law.
SECTION 11. Chapter 6E-13, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§6E-13 Injunctive relief. (a) In addition to, and without limiting the other powers of the attorney general and without altering or waiving any criminal penalty, civil, or administrative provisions of this chapter, the attorney general shall have the power to bring an action in the name of the State in any court of competent jurisdiction for restraining orders and injunctive relief to restrain and enjoin violations or threatened violations of this chapter.
(b) Any person may maintain an action in the
trial court having jurisdiction where the alleged violation occurred or is
likely to occur for restraining orders or injunctive relief against the State,
its political subdivisions, or any person upon a showing of irreparable injury,
feasibility of enforcement, and likelihood of success on the merits, for
the protection of a
n historic property or a burial site and the public
trust therein from unauthorized or improper demolition, alteration, or transfer
of the property or burial site. "
SECTION 12. Chapter 6e-15, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§6E-15 Regulations, special
conditions or restrictions. In addition to any power or authority of a
political subdivision to regulate by planning or zoning laws and regulations or
by local laws and regulations, the governing body of any political subdivision
may provide by regulations, special conditions, or restrictions for the
protection, enhancement, preservation, and use of historic properties or burial
sites. These regulations, special conditions, and restrictions may include
appropriate and reasonable control of the use [
or appearance] of [ adjacent
or associated private property within the public view, or both,] historic
easements, preventing deterioration by wilful neglect, permitting the
modification of local health and building code provisions[ , and transferring
SECTION 13. Chapter 6e-16, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§6E-16 Hawaii historic preservation special fund. (a) There is established a Hawaii historic preservation special fund into which shall be deposited the following moneys:
(1) Appropriations by the legislature to the special fund;
(2) Gifts, donations, and grants from public agencies and private persons;
(3) All proceeds collected by the department derived from historic preserve user fees, historic preserve leases or concession fees, fees charged to carry out the purposes of this chapter, or the sale of goods; and
(4) Civil, criminal, and administrative penalties, fines, and other charges collected under this chapter or any rule adopted pursuant to this chapter.
All interest earned or accrued on moneys deposited in the fund shall become part of the fund. The fund shall be administered by the department; provided that the department may contract with a public or private agency to provide the day-to-day management of the fund.
(b) Subject to legislative authorization, the department may expend moneys from the fund:
(1) For permanent and temporary staff positions;
To replenish goods; (3) ]To produce public information materials;
(4)] To provide financial
assistance to public agencies and private agencies in accordance with chapter
42F involved in historic preservation activities other than those covered by
section 6E-9; and
(5)] To cover administrative and
operational costs of the historic preservation program.
(c) The department shall adopt rules in accordance with chapter 91 for the purposes of this section. "
SECTION 14. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 15. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Streamlines the Historic Preservation Act to increase efficiency, reduce confusion, and adhere to the spirit of the law.
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.