HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TWENTY-EIGHTH LEGISLATURE, 2015
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO BULLYING.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that all students have the right to fully participate in the educational process free from bullying and cyberbullying. A safe and civil environment in school is necessary for students to learn and to meet high academic standards. Bullying and cyberbullying, like other disruptive or violent behaviors, inhibit a student's ability to learn and a school's ability to educate students in a safe environment. It is imperative that all schools and youth-serving agencies in the State establish and maintain clear and consistent policies and procedures to address such behavior. In addition, because students learn by example, school administrators, faculty, staff, parents, guardians, and volunteers should be expected to demonstrate appropriate behavior, treat others with civility and respect, and refuse to tolerate bullying and harassment.
The purpose of this Act, therefore, is to require all youth-serving agencies, public schools, and public charter schools that receive state or county funding to adopt, maintain, monitor, and enforce policies and procedures related to all forms of bullying and cyberbullying to protect youth in the State. This Act is not intended to apply to private schools except to the extent they receive state funding.
SECTION 2. The Hawaii Revised Statutes is amended by adding a new chapter to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
§ -1 Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
"Agency" means any state or county government entity that provides services, activities, or privileges to youth.
"Alternative discipline" means disciplinary action other than suspension or expulsion from school that is designed to correct and address the root causes of a student's specific misbehavior while retaining the student in class or school, or restorative school practices to repair the harm done to relationships and persons from the student's misbehavior. "Alternative discipline" includes, but is not limited to:
(1) Meeting with the student and the student's parents;
(2) Reflective activities, such as requiring the student to write an essay about the student's misbehavior;
(4) Anger management classes;
(5) Health counseling or intervention;
(6) Mental health counseling;
(7) Participation in skills building and resolution activities, such as social-emotional cognitive skills building, resolution circles, and restorative conferencing;
(8) Community service; and
(9) In-school detention or suspension, which may take place during lunchtime, after school, or on weekends.
"Bullying" means any severe, pervasive, or persistent act or conduct, whether physical, electronic, or verbal, that:
(1) May be based on a youth's actual or perceived race; sex, including gender identity or expression; sexual orientation; color; religion; ancestry; or disability; or any other distinguishing characteristic; or on a youth's association with a person, or group with any person, who has one or more of the actual or perceived foregoing characteristics; and
(2) Can be reasonably predicted to:
(A) Place the youth in reasonable fear of physical harm to his or her person or property;
(B) Cause a substantially detrimental effect on the youth's physical or mental health;
(C) Substantially interfere with the youth's academic performance or attendance; or
(D) Substantially interfere with the youth's ability to participate in, or benefit from, the services, activities, or privileges provided by an agency or grantee.
"Disability" means the state of having a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, having a record of such an impairment, or being regarded as having such an impairment. "Disability" does not include alcohol or drug use that impairs a person's activities or threatens the property or safety of others.
"Electronic communication" means a communication transmitted by means of an electronic device, including a telephone, cellular phone, computer, tablet, pager, or video or audio recording.
"Employee" means an individual who performs a function for an agency or grantee and receives compensation for the performance of that function.
"Gender identity or expression" includes a person's actual or perceived gender, as well as a person's gender identity, gender-related self-image, gender-related appearance, or gender-related expression, regardless of whether that gender identity, gender-related self-image, gender-related appearance, or gender-related expression is different from that traditionally associated with the person's sex at birth.
"Grantee" means an entity or contractor of an entity that, on behalf of the State or a county, or through the use of State or county funds, provides services, activities, or privileges to youth.
"Party" means a person accused of bullying, a target of bullying, or a parent or guardian of either a person accused of bullying or a target of bullying.
"Sexual orientation" means having a preference for heterosexuality, homosexuality, or bisexuality, having a history of any one or more of these preferences, or being identified with any one or more of these preferences. "Sexual orientation" shall not be construed to protect conduct otherwise proscribed by law.
"Youth" means an individual who is enrolled in a public school or who accesses the services or programs provided by an agency or grantee or an individual who is receiving special education services from a public school.
§ -2 Bullying prevention policy. (a) Each agency and grantee shall adopt a bullying prevention policy to be enforced:
(1) On its property;
(2) At sponsored functions;
(3) On its transportation or transportation it sponsors; and
(4) Through electronic communication to the extent that it is directed at a youth and it substantially interferes with the youth's ability to participate in or benefit from the services, activities, or privileges provided by the agency or grantee.
(b) Each agency and grantee policy shall include at a minimum:
(1) The definition of bullying as set forth in section -1;
(2) A statement prohibiting bullying;
(3) A statement that prohibits retaliation against any person who reports or witnesses incidents of bullying;
(4) A statement that the policy applies to participation in functions sponsored by the agency or grantee;
(5) An expected code of conduct;
(6) A list of the consequences, including alternative discipline approaches, that can result from an identified incident of bullying, which are designed to:
(A) Appropriately correct the bullying behavior;
(B) Prevent another occurrence of bullying or retaliation;
(C) Protect the target of the bullying; and
(D) Be flexible so that they can be applied to each incident individually and varied in method and severity based on the nature of the incident, developmental age of the person bullying, and any history of problem behavior from the person bullying;
(7) A procedure for reporting bullying or retaliation for reporting an act of bullying, including for reporting bullying anonymously; provided that no formal response shall be taken solely on the basis of an anonymous report;
(8) A procedure for prompt investigation of reports of violations of its policy and of complaints of bullying or retaliation, including the name and contact information of the person responsible for investigating reports;
(9) A procedure for prompt notification of the parent or guardian of the student alleged to have committed an act of bullying and the parent or guardian of the student targeted by the alleged act; provided that if an administrator or director of the agency or grantee believes, in the administrator or director's professional capacity, that contacting the parent or guardian would endanger the health or well-being of a student, the administrator or director may delay such contact as appropriate; and
(10) An appeal process for a party who is not satisfied with the outcome of an initial investigation.
§ -3 Bullying prevention programs. Following the adoption of a bullying prevention policy, each agency and grantee shall:
(1) Establish an annual bullying prevention program for youth, which shall align with established health education standards;
(2) Inform youth in age appropriate language about their right to be free from bullying and discrimination in public accommodations and education and of the remedies available for a violation of their rights under chapter 489 and this chapter; and
(3) Provide annual training on bullying prevention to all employees and volunteers who have significant contact with youth.
§ -4 Retaliation, reporting, and immunity. (a) An employee, volunteer, or youth shall not retaliate against a victim or witness of bullying or a person who reports bullying.
(b) An employee or volunteer who has witnessed bullying in violation of a bullying prevention policy, or has reliable information that a person has been subject to bullying in violation of a bullying prevention policy, shall promptly report the incident or information to the person designated by the agency or grantee as responsible for investigating the reports.
(c) An employee, volunteer, or youth who promptly and in good faith reports an incident of, or information on, bullying in compliance with a bullying prevention policy developed pursuant to section -2 shall be immune from a cause of action for damages arising from such a report.
§ -5 Reporting. (a) Each agency and grantee shall provide to the governor, by a date determined by the governor, an annual report including the aggregate incidents of bullying and any other information the governor determines is necessary or appropriate.
(b) The governor shall:
(1) By September 1, 2016, and biennially thereafter, review the programs, activities, services, and policies of each agency or grantee to determine their effectiveness and shall determine whether the agency or grantee is in compliance with this chapter; and
(2) Report findings to the legislature by December 31 of each year that a report is due, along with an assessment of the current level and nature of bullying in agencies, educational institutions, and grantees; an evaluation of the sufficiency of funding for bullying prevention programs; and any recommendations for legislative, policy, or programmatic changes to better address bullying in the State."
SECTION 3. (a) There is established a bullying prevention task force within the department of education for administrative purposes only.
(b) The task force shall consist of eleven members, to be appointed by the governor, and shall include community representatives and representatives from the agencies and grantees that will be affected by this Act, including teachers, administrators, school mental health professionals, parents and legal guardians, direct service providers, clergy, advocates, the judiciary, law enforcement, and youth. In constituting the task force, the governor shall ensure that the membership is geographically and socioeconomically diverse.
(c) The task force shall:
(1) Provide guidance to the governor regarding the implementation of this Act;
(2) Publicize a model policy containing each component required by chapter within one hundred and eighty days of the effective date of this Act;
(3) Assist agencies and grantees in developing policies in accordance with chapter ;
(4) Compile and make available to each agency and grantee a list of free or low-cost methods for establishing the bullying prevention programs required under chapter ;
(5) Review for compliance the bullying prevention policies of each agency and grantee within ninety days of their receipt;
(6) Create resources and hold events to help inform employees, parents, and youth about the requirements of this Act; and
(7) Create guidelines to assist the governor in evaluating the effectiveness of established bullying prevention policies.
(d) Members of the task force shall serve without compensation; however, the department of education shall provide the task force with the resources and staff support necessary for the accomplishment of their duties.
(e) The task force shall be dissolved two years after its initial meeting; provided that the governor, in the governor's discretion, may grant a one-year extension.
SECTION 4. Each agency and grantee subject to chapter shall, in coordination with the bullying prevention task force established by section 3 of this Act, adopt the bullying prevention policy required by the new chapter established by section 2 of this Act within one year of the effective date of this Act, and shall submit such policy to the task force for review.
SECTION 5. Section 302D-34, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
A public charter school shall not discriminate against any student or limit
admission based on race, color, ethnicity, national origin, religion, [
sex, including gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, income
level, disability, level of proficiency in the English language, need for
special education services, or academic or athletic ability."
SECTION 6. There is appropriated out of the general revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $ or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2015-2016 and the same sum or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2016-2017 for resources and staff support necessary for the accomplishment of the duties of the bullying prevention task force established by section 3 of this Act.
The sums appropriated shall be expended by the department of education for the purposes of this Act.
SECTION 7. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.
SECTION 8. If any provision of this Act, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of the Act that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this Act are severable.
SECTION 9. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 10. This Act shall take effect upon its approval; provided that section 6 shall take effect on July 1, 2015.
Bullying; Child Safety
Requires state and county agencies and grantees that serve youth to adopt bullying prevention policies. Establishes a task force to assist the Governor with bullying prevention policies in the State. Appropriates funds. (HB819 HD2)
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.