TWENTY-SEVENTH LEGISLATURE, 2014
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO LABELING.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. Chapter 328, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new part to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
"Part . Labeling of genetically engineered foods
§328- Definitions. As used in this part, unless the context clearly requires otherwise:
"Distributor" means a person or business engaged in any method of distributing or transporting a food or food product from one place to another.
"Enzyme" means a protein that catalyzes chemical reactions of other substances without itself being destroyed or altered upon completion of the reactions.
"Genetically engineered", "genetic engineering", "genetically modified", or "genetic modification", as applied to any human food, means produced from or with an organism or organisms with genetics altered materially through the application of:
(1) In vitro nucleic acid techniques, including but not limited to recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid techniques and the direct injection of nucleic acid into cells or organelles; or
(2) Methods of fusing cells beyond the taxonomic family that overcome natural physiological reproductive or recombinant barriers and that are not techniques used in traditional breeding and selection.
"Manufacturer" means the person or business that makes, processes, combines, or packages food ingredients into a finished food product.
"Processed food" means any food other than a raw agricultural commodity, including any food produced from a raw agricultural commodity that has been subject to processing such as canning, smoking, pressing, cooking, freezing, dehydration, fermentation, or milling.
"Processing aid" means:
(1) A substance that is added to a food during the processing of the food but is removed in some manner from the food before it is packaged in its final form;
(2) A substance that is added to a food during processing, is converted into constituents normally present in the food, and does not significantly increase the amount of the constituents found in the food; or
(3) A substance that is added to a food for its technical or functional effects in the processing but is present in the finished food at insignificant levels and does not have any technical or functional effect in that finished food.
"Raw agricultural commodity" means any plant, animal, or fungi grown or produced for food.
"Retailer" means a person or business engaged in selling the food from individuals or businesses to the end-user.
§328- Foods produced through genetic engineering; labeling. (a) Until January 1, 2015, any processed food that would be subject to this section solely because it includes materials produced by genetic engineering shall not be deemed misbranded if the genetically engineered materials in the aggregate do not account for more than nine-tenths of one per cent of the total weight of the processed food. Beginning January 1, 2015, any food offered for retail sale in Hawaii is misbranded if it is produced with any amount of genetic engineering and that fact is not disclosed as follows:
(1) In the case of a raw agricultural commodity that is not separately packaged or labeled, the words "Genetically Engineered" shall be placed on the container used for packaging, holding, or transport in a clear and conspicuous manner by the manufacturer, and maintained by the distributor, and on the retail store shelf or bin in which such commodity is displayed for sale in a clear and conspicuous manner by the retailer;
(2) In the case of processed food containing some products of genetic engineering, the manufacturer shall label the product, in a clear and conspicuous manner on the front or back of the package of such food, with the words "Produced with Genetic Engineering"; and
(3) In the case of any seed or seed stock, the manufacturer or other entity responsible for producing the seed shall label the seed or seed stock container, the sales receipt, and any other reference to identification, ownership, or possession, in a clear and conspicuous manner with the words "Genetically Engineered".
(b) This section shall not be construed to require either the listing or identification of any ingredient or ingredients that were genetically engineered or that the term "genetically engineered" be placed immediately preceding any common name or primary product descriptor of a food.
(c) This section does not apply to any of the following:
(1) Food consisting entirely of, or derived entirely from, an animal that has not itself been genetically engineered, regardless of whether that animal has been fed with any food produced with genetic engineering or treated with any drug or vaccine that has been produced through genetic engineering;
(2) A raw agricultural commodity or food that has been grown, raised, produced, or derived without the knowing and intentional use of genetically engineered seed or food. To be included within the exclusion under this paragraph, the person responsible for complying with this section with respect to a raw agricultural commodity or food shall obtain, from the seller of the raw agricultural commodity or food to that person, a sworn statement that the raw agricultural commodity or food:
(A) Has not been knowingly or intentionally genetically engineered; and
(B) Has been segregated from, and has not been knowingly or intentionally commingled with, foods that may have been genetically engineered at any time.
In providing such a sworn statement, the seller may rely on a sworn statement from the seller's own supplier that contains such an affirmation;
(3) Any processed food that would be subject to this section solely because one or more processing aids or enzymes were produced with or derived from genetic engineering;
(4) Any liquor or intoxicating liquor, as defined in section 281-1 and regulated under chapter 281;
(5) Food that has been lawfully certified to be labeled, marketed, and offered for sale as "organic" pursuant to the federal Organic Foods Production Act of 1990, 7 U.S.C. 6501, et seq., and the National Organic Program regulations promulgated pursuant thereto by the United States Department of Agriculture;
(6) Food that is not packaged for retail sale and that either:
(A) Is a processed food prepared and intended for immediate human consumption; or
(B) Is served, sold, or otherwise provided in any restaurant or other food service establishment that is primarily engaged in the sale of food prepared and intended for immediate human consumption; and
(7) Medical food, as defined in section 346-67.
§328- Rules and regulations. The department of health shall:
(1) Adopt rules pursuant to chapter 91 to carry out this part; and
(2) Perform all functions necessary to effectuate the purposes of this part.
§328- Penalty. Any person who violates this part or rules adopted pursuant to this part shall be fined not more than $500, or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.
§328- Injunctive relief; attorneys' fees. (a) The director or any resident of the State of Hawaii may institute a civil action in any court of competent jurisdiction for injunctive relief to prevent any violation of this part or any rule adopted to implement this part. The court shall have powers to grant relief in accordance with the Hawaii rules of civil procedure.
(b) The court shall award to a prevailing plaintiff reasonable costs and attorneys' fees incurred while investigating and prosecuting an action to enforce this part. Such an award shall be separate from the inclusion of any potential monetary damages."
SECTION 2. If any provision of this Act, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of the Act that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this Act are severable.
SECTION 3. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Labeling of Genetically Engineered Foods; Private Civil Enforcement
Requires labeling of foods, including raw agricultural commodities, processed food, and seed or seed stock, that have been genetically engineered or deems them misbranded. Provides a penalty for violations and authorizes private civil enforcement of the Act. (SD1)
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