HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

H.B. NO.

1984

TWENTY-SIXTH LEGISLATURE, 2012

S.D. 1

STATE OF HAWAII

 

 

 

 

 

 

A BILL FOR AN ACT

 

 

RELATING TO HAWAIIAN LANGUAGE.

 

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 


PART I

     Mahele 1.  ‘O ka ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i ka ‘ōlelo ‘ōiwi o ka lāhui Hawai‘i.

            ‘Oiai ua ‘ōlelo mau ‘ia ka ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i o ka ‘āina e nā kupa o ke aupuni Hawai‘i, ua hele a ‘ane halapohe ka ‘ōlelo ‘ana i ua ‘ōlelo la ma ka hiki ‘ana aku i ka makahiki 1980 a ua koe wale mai ma kahi o ke 50 mau mānaleo o ka ‘ōlelo e ola nei ma lalo o ka piha makahiki he 18.  ‘O kekahi kumu o ka emi nui o ka ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i ‘o ia nō ke kānāwai o ka makahiki 1896 i ho‘onoho i ka ‘ōlelo pelekania ‘o ia wale nō ka ‘ōlelo o ke kula. Eia na‘e ka hopena, ua ho‘opāpā ‘ia ka ‘ōlelo ‘ana, ke heluhelu ‘ana, ke kākau ‘ana a me ke a‘o ‘ana i ka ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i ma nā kula aupuni.

     I mea e ho‘ōla a‘e ai i ka ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i, ua ho‘olana ‘ia aku la kekahi mau hāpai kānāwai ho‘ōla ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i a me nā hana huliamahi e ho‘oūlu a‘e i ka ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i e like me ka ‘aukahi Pūnana Leo, ka papahana Kula Kaiapuni o ke Ke‘ena Ho‘ona‘auao, a me nā papahana ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i ma ke Kula Nui ‘o Hawai‘i.

     Eia kekahi, ma ka makahiki 1978, ua pāku‘i ho‘ololi ‘ia iho ka Palapala Kumukānāwai o ka Moku‘āina ‘o Hawai‘i me ka ho‘ololi ‘ōlelo pāku‘i e hō‘oia‘i‘o aku i ke kūlana o ka ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i he ‘ōlelo kūhelu i like kona kūlana me ka ‘ōlelo pelekania--‘o lāua nā ‘ōlelo kūhelu o ka moku‘āina.

     Eia hou kekahi, ua ho‘olaha a ho‘ohanahanao ‘ia a‘e la ka ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i ma loko o ‘elua mau palapala kūkala ko‘iko‘i e ke kia‘āina ma nā makahiki o nā 1990.  Ma ka makahiki 1995, ua ho‘opuka ‘ia aku la kekahi palapala kūkala mai ke ke‘ena kia‘āina mai a ua kākau ‘ia mai ma nā ‘ōlelo kūhelu ‘elua o ka ‘āina, Hawai‘i me ka Pelekania, ‘o ka mahina ‘o Pepeluali 1995 ka "Mahina ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i ma Hawai‘i Nei."  Ua koi aku kēia palapala kūkala i ka lehulehu e komo aku, komo mai i nā hanana ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i like ‘ole i mālama ‘ia ma ka mahina o Pepeluali.  ‘O nā hanana Hawai‘i i mālama ‘ia ma Pepeluali ka Lā ‘Ohana, ka Lā Kūkahekahe, a me ka ‘Ahamele ‘o Ho‘omau ma O‘ahu.

     Ma ka makahiki 1996, ua kūkala ‘ia kekahi palapala kuahaua e ke kia‘āina e nānā i ka makahiki 1996 ‘o ia ka "Makahiki o ka ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i" i mea e ho‘omana‘o ai i ka hala ‘ana o haneli mau makahiki ma hope o ke kānāwai 1896 ‘o ia kānāwai ho‘opāpā ‘ōlelo kūpuna ma nā kula o Hawai‘i nei.

            ‘Oiai ua holomua nō kēia ‘aukahi ho‘ōla ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i ma loko o kēia mau makahiki he 30 i hala iho nei, he pono nō ho‘i ka ho‘onui ‘ana i nā kānaka ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i i mea e ho‘olaupa‘i ‘ia ai a ola nō ka ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i. 

     ‘O ke kumuhana o kēia kānāwai ka ho‘onoho pono ‘ana mai i ka mahina o Pepeluali ‘o ia ka "Mahina ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i" a lilo ia i mea e ho‘omaika‘i a e paipai a‘e mau ai i ka ‘ōlelo ‘ana i ka ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i. 

     Mahele 2.  Mokuna 8, Nā ‘Ōlelo Kūpa‘a O Hawai‘i, ua ho‘oponopono ‘ia me ka ho‘opāku‘i ‘ana i mahele hou e ho‘onoho kūpono a e heluhelu ‘ia ana penei:

     "§8-    Mahina ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i.  E ‘ike mau a e kapa ‘ia ana ae ka mahina ‘o Pepeluali ‘o ia ka "Mahina ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i" i mea e ho‘omaika‘i a e paipai aku ai i ka ‘ōlelo ‘ana o ua ‘ōlelo makuahine nei la.  ‘A‘ole e kū ana kēia mahina i kapa ‘ia ka "Mahina ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i" i lānui o ka moku‘āina o Hawai‘i.

     ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i Month.  The month of February shall be known and designated as "‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i Month" to celebrate and encourage the use of Hawaiian language.  This month is not and shall not be construed as a state holiday."

     (English translation of PART I)

     SECTION 1.  ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i, or the Hawaiian language, is the native language of the Native Hawaiian people.

     While once spoken throughout Hawaii by Native Hawaiians and foreigners alike, ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i was considered to be nearly extinct by the 1980s, when fewer than fifty fluent speakers under the age of eighteen were left.  A major reason for the deterioration of the Hawaiian language was an 1896 law that required English instruction in Hawaii schools.  In practice, this law functioned to "ban" students from speaking ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i at their schools.

     To save the Hawaiian language, a number of historic initiatives were launched, including ‘Aha Pūnana Leo's Hawaiian language immersion preschools, the department of education's Hawaiian language immersion program, and the Hawaiian language programs of the University of Hawai‘i system.

     In addition, in 1978, the Hawaii constitution was amended to recognize the Hawaiian language as one of the two official languages of the State.

     Furthermore, several important gubernatorial proclamations on ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i were issued in the 1990s.  In 1994 and 1995, gubernatorial proclamations, written in both Hawaiian and English, were issued recognizing February 1994 and February 1995 as "Hawaiian Language Month in Hawaii."  The proclamations urged people to participate in the Hawaiian language activities held in February.  Hawaiian language events held in February at that time included Lā ‘Ohana, Lā Kūkahekahe, and O‘ahu's Ho‘omau concert.

     The following year, another gubernatorial proclamation was issued that recognized 1996 as "Year of the Hawaiian Language" in observance of a century passing since the enactment of the 1896 law that prohibited speaking Hawaiian language in Hawaii schools.

     While the Hawaiian language revitalization movement has made major strides in the last thirty years, for ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i to not just survive, but to also thrive, more people need to speak Hawaiian.

     The purpose of this part is to designate the month of February as "‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i Month" to celebrate and encourage the use of Hawaiian language.

     SECTION 2.  Chapter 8, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:

     "§8-    Mahina ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i.  E ‘ike mau a e kapa ‘ia ana ae ka mahina ‘o Pepeluali ‘o ia ka "Mahina ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i" i mea e ho‘omaika‘i a e paipai aku ai i ka ‘ōlelo ‘ana o ua ‘ōlelo makuahine nei la.  ‘A‘ole e kū ana kēia mahina i kapa ‘ia ka "Mahina ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i" i lānui o ka moku‘āina o Hawai‘i.

     ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i Month.  The month of February shall be known and designated as "‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i Month" to celebrate and encourage the use of Hawaiian language.  This month is not and shall not be construed as a state holiday."

PART II

     PAUKŪ 3.  Ke hō‘oia nei ka ‘aha‘ōlelo kau kānāwai o ka Moku‘āina o Hawai‘i nei ua ‘ae ‘ia ma ke Kumukānāwai o ka Moku‘āina o Hawai‘i ka mālama ‘ana mai a me ka paipai ‘ana ho‘i i ka ‘ike a me ka nohona Kanaka, ka mo‘olelo, a me ka ‘ōlelo ‘ōiwi o ua po‘e lā.  Ma loko o ka ha‘awina X, paukū 4, ‘ōlelo ‘ia penei, "e paipai ka Moku‘āina i ke a‘o ‘ana i ka ‘ike a me ka nohona Kanaka, ka mo‘olelo a me ka ‘ōlelo ‘ōiwi o ua po‘e lā."  A ma loko o ka ha‘awina XII, paukū 7, ‘ōlelo ‘ia penei, "ke hō‘oia hou nei ka Moku‘āina e mālama a ho‘omalu ‘ia nā kuleana a me nā pono a pau, i hana kuluma ‘ia no ke ola pono o ka noho ‘ana, nā ‘ano o ka nohona a me ka ho‘omana i pa‘a mau i nā Kanaka ke ahupua‘a, ‘o lākou he mamo na nā Kanaka maoli i noho ma ka pae ‘āina o Hawai‘i nei ma mua o ka makahiki 1778, a koe kekahi kuleana o ka Moku‘āina e ho‘oponopono i ia mau kuleana a me nā pono."  ‘Oiai ua ‘ike ‘ia he pili pono ka ‘ōlelo e ola ana i ka ho‘omau ‘ia ana o ke ‘ano o ka nohona o ka po‘e kānaka, ma ka ha‘awina XV, paukū 4 ke ho‘āmana ‘ia nei ‘elua mau ‘ōlelo kūhelu o ka moku‘āina o Hawai‘i, ‘oia ho‘i ka ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i a me ka ‘ōlelo Pelekania.

     Ma hope mai o ka makahiki 1978, ua hō‘oia hou ‘ia e ka Moku‘āina ‘o ka ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i kekahi o nā ‘ōlelo kūhelu, a ua kāko‘o ka ‘aha‘ōlelo i nā hana e ho‘okomo i ka ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i ma nā palapala ‘oihana o ka moku‘āina, nā kuni, a me nā hō‘ailona.  Ua mālama ka Moku‘āina i ke koi ‘ia a me ka pela pololei ‘ia i ia mau kākau ‘ana no ka lehulehu.  I kēia mau lā ‘o ka ho‘ohana pono ‘ana i ke kahakō a me ka ‘okina he mea ia e hō‘ike i ka mālama maika‘i ‘ia o ka ‘ōlelo ‘ōiwi o kēia mau mokupuni, a he mea nō ho‘i ia e ho‘okō pono ai i ka mana‘o a me ke kumu o ke kumukānāwai o ka moku‘āina.

     ‘O ke kumu o kēia Kānāwai ‘oia ho‘i ka mālama ‘ana ma lalo o ka mana o ke kumukānāwai ka ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i, a me ka ‘ike a me ka nohona Kanaka ma o ke koi ‘ana e ho‘ohana ‘ia nā inoa Hawai‘i a me ka ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i ‘ano pololei loa a kūpono ma nā palapala, nā po‘oinoaleka, nā hō‘ailona, a me nā kuni, i ka wā e hana mua ‘ia, ka hana hou ‘ia, a i ‘ole ka pa‘i hou ‘ana.

     (English translation of PAUKŪ 3)

     SECTION 3.  The legislature finds that the Constitution of the State of Hawaii provides for the preservation and promotion of native Hawaiian culture, history, and language.  Article X, section 4, of the Hawaii State Constitution provides that "[t]he State shall promote the study of Hawaiian culture, history and language."  Article XII, section 7, of the Hawaii State Constitution provides that "[t]he State reaffirms and shall protect all rights, customarily and traditionally exercised for subsistence, cultural and religious purposes and possessed by ahupua‘a tenants who are descendants of native Hawaiians who inhabited the Hawaiian Islands prior to 1778, subject to the right of the State to regulate such rights."  Because maintaining a living language is an integral component of preserving a culture, article XV, section 4, of the Hawaii State Constitution establishes that English and Hawaiian are the official languages of Hawai‘i.

     Since 1978, the State has reaffirmed Hawaiian as one of its official languages, and the legislature has supported efforts to incorporate the Hawaiian language into official state writings, emblems, and signs.  The State has ensured that these public inscriptions are mandatory, accurate, and spelled correctly.  The use of proper Hawaiian macrons and glottal stops not only shows the deserved respect for the native language of these islands, but also fully comports with the intent and purpose of the state constitution.

     The purpose of this part is to ensure the constitutionally and ethically mandated preservation of the Hawaiian language and culture by requiring all newly created, replaced, or reprinted state and county documents, letterheads, symbols, and emblems, to contain accurate, appropriate, and authentic Hawaiian names and language.

     SECTION 4.  Section 1-13.5, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:

     "[[]§1-13.5[]]  Hawaiian language; spelling.  [Macrons and glottal stops may be used in the spelling of words or terms in the Hawaiian language in] (a)  Effective January 1, 2013, all documents and letterheads prepared by or for state or county agencies or officials[.] shall include accurate, appropriate, and authentic Hawaiian names and words, including proper Hawaiian spelling and punctuation, including but not limited to macrons and glottal stops that punctuate the English word to which they relate; provided that any revision to conform any document or letterhead existing on or before January 1, 2013, to the requirements of this section, may be implemented when the document or letterhead requires replacement or reprinting, or otherwise requires revision.  Any rule, order, policy, or other act, official or otherwise, that prohibits or discourages the use of [these symbols] accurate, appropriate, and authentic Hawaiian names and words, as required by this section, shall be void.

     (b)  Hawaiian names and words shall be deemed accurate, appropriate, and authentic when printed in conformance with:

     (1)  "Hawaiian Dictionary: Hawaiian-English, English-Hawaiian", by Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel H. Elbert, University of Hawai‘i Press, copyright 1986; or

     (2)  "Māmaka Kaiao:  A Modern Hawaiian Vocabulary", developed by Kōmike Hua‘olelo, the Hawaiian Lexicon Committee."

     SECTION 5.  Section 5-6.5, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:

     "[[]§5-6.5[]]  State language.  (a)  The Hawaiian language is the native language of [Hawaii] Hawai‘i and [may], effective January 1, 2013, shall be used on all emblems and symbols representative of the State, its departments, agencies, and political subdivisions[.]; provided that for emblems and symbols existing on January 1, 2013, conformance with this section may be delayed until a replacement for the emblem or symbol otherwise is required.

     (b)  The Hawaiian language as used on all emblems and symbols shall be in conformance with the requirements of section 1‑13.5(b)."

PART III

     SECTION 6.  Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken.  New statutory material is underscored.

     SECTION 7.  This Act shall take effect upon its approval.


 


 

Report Title:

Hawaiian Language; Month; February; Public Documents; Letterhead; Symbols

 

Description:

Designates the month of February as "Olelo Hawaii Month" to celebrate and encourage the use of Hawaiian language.  Requires that all letterheads, documents, symbols, and emblems of the State and other political subdivisions include accurate and appropriate Hawaiian names and language.  Establishes references for accurate, appropriate, and authentic Hawaiian names and words, including proper Hawaiian spelling and punctuation.  (SD1)

 

 

 

The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.