Report Title:

Crime; Minors Tried as Adults

 

Description:

Mandates minors aged 15-17 be tried as adults in cases of first and second degree murder. (HB819 HD1)

 


HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

H.B. NO.

819

TWENTY-FIFTH LEGISLATURE, 2009

H.D. 1

STATE OF HAWAII

 

 

 

 

 

 

A BILL FOR AN ACT


 

 

RELATING TO CRIME.

 

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 


SECTION 1.  Section 571-22, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:

"571-22  Waiver of jurisdiction; transfer to other courts.  (a)  The court may waive jurisdiction and order a minor or adult held for criminal proceedings after full investigation and hearing where the person during the person's minority, but on or after the person's sixteenth birthday, is alleged to have committed an act that would constitute a felony if committed by an adult, and the court finds that:

(1) There is no evidence the person is committable to an institution for the mentally defective or retarded or the mentally ill;

(2) The person is not treatable in any available institution or facility within the [State] state designed for the care and treatment of children; or

(3) The safety of the community requires that the person be subject to judicial restraint for a period extending beyond the person's minority.

(b)  The court may waive jurisdiction and order a minor or adult held for criminal proceedings if, after a full investigation and hearing, the court finds that:

(1) The person during the person's minority, but on or after the person's fourteenth birthday, is alleged to have committed an act that would constitute a felony if committed by an adult and either:

(A) The act resulted in serious bodily injury to a victim;

(B) The act would constitute a class A felony if committed by an adult; or

(C) The person has more than one prior adjudication for acts that would constitute felonies if committed by an adult; and

(2) There is no evidence the person is committable to an institution for the mentally defective or retarded or the mentally ill.

(c)  The factors to be considered in deciding whether jurisdiction should be waived under subsection (a) or (b) are as follows:

(1) The seriousness of the alleged offense;

(2) Whether the alleged offense was committed in an aggressive, violent, premeditated, or wilful manner;

(3) Whether the alleged offense was against persons or against property, greater weight being given to offenses against persons, especially if personal injury resulted;

(4) The desirability of trial and disposition of the entire offense in one court when the minor's associates in the alleged offense are adults who will be charged with a crime;

(5) The sophistication and maturity of the minor as determined by consideration of the minor's home, environmental situation, emotional attitude, and pattern of living;

(6) The record and previous history of the minor, including previous contacts with the family court, other law enforcement agencies, courts in other jurisdictions, prior periods of probation to the family court, or prior commitments to juvenile institutions;

(7) The prospects for adequate protection of the public and the likelihood of reasonable rehabilitation of the minor (if the minor is found to have committed the alleged offense) by the use of procedures, services, and facilities currently available to the family court; and

(8) All other relevant matters.

(d)  The court may waive jurisdiction and order a minor or adult held for criminal proceedings if, after a full investigation and hearing, the court finds that:

(1) The person during the person's minority is alleged to have committed an act that would constitute murder in the first degree or second degree or attempted murder in the first degree or second degree if committed by an adult; and

(2) There is no evidence the person is committable to an institution for the mentally defective or retarded or the mentally ill.

(e)  If, incident to a hearing at which the court's jurisdiction under section 571-11(1) is established, the court determines that a minor of at least fifteen years of age, but less than eighteen years of age, has been charged with an act that would constitute a violation of section 707-701 or 707-701.5 if committed by an adult, the court shall waive jurisdiction and order the minor held for criminal proceedings in a youth correctional facility.

[(e)] (f)  Transfer of a minor for criminal proceedings terminates the jurisdiction of the court over the minor with respect to any subsequent acts that would otherwise be within the court's jurisdiction under section 571-11(1) and thereby confers jurisdiction over the minor to a court of competent criminal jurisdiction.

[(f)] (g)  If criminal proceedings instituted under subsection (a), (b), or (d) result in an acquittal or other discharge of the minor involved, no petition shall be filed thereafter in any family court based on the same facts as were alleged in the criminal proceeding.

[(g)] (h)  A minor shall not be subject to criminal prosecution based on the facts giving rise to a petition filed under this chapter, except as otherwise provided in this chapter.

[(h)] (i) Where the petition has been filed in a circuit other than the minor's residence, the judge, in the judge's discretion, may transfer the case to the family court of the circuit of the minor's residence.

[(i)] (j)  When a petition is filed bringing a minor before the court under section 571-11(1) and (2), and the minor resides outside of the circuit, but within the [State,] state, the court, after a finding as to the allegations in the petition, may certify the case for disposition to the family court having jurisdiction where the minor resides.  Thereupon, the court shall accept the case and may dispose of the case as if the petition was originally filed in that court.  Whenever a case is so certified, the certifying court shall forward to the receiving court certified copies of all pertinent legal and social records.

[(j)] (k)  If the court waives jurisdiction pursuant to subsection (b) or (d), the court also may waive its jurisdiction with respect to any other felony charges arising from the same episode to the charge for which the minor was waived."

SECTION 2.  This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun, before its effective date.

SECTION 3.  Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken.  New statutory material is underscored.

SECTION 4.  This Act shall take effect on January 1, 2050.