Contractors; Public Work Projects; Ineligible Employees
Prohibits contractors from employing persons not eligible to work in the United States. Imposes fines for violations. Authorizes the contractors license board to suspend or revoke a license if a civil judgment is entered against the contractor on a complaint alleging that the contractor hired ineligible workers. Establishes a special fund.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TWENTY-FIFTH LEGISLATURE, 2009
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO CONTRACTORS.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The Hawaii Revised Statutes is amended by adding a new chapter to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
employment of ineligible workers by LICENSED contractors
§ -1 Definitions. As used in this chapter:
"Contractor" has the same meaning as defined under section 444-1.
"Department" means the department of labor and industrial relations.
"Director" means the director of labor and industrial relations.
"Ineligible worker" means a person who is not eligible to work in the United States, as provided by federal law.
§ -2 Applicability of this chapter. This chapter applies to all contractors covered by chapter 444 and includes any persons or entities performing work under contracts subject to chapter 104.
§ -3 Employment of persons not eligible to work in the United States; prohibition. Contractors shall employ only persons who are eligible to work in the United States. A contractor that intentionally or knowingly employs an ineligible worker shall be in violation of this section.
§ -4 Complaints. (a) On receipt of a complaint that a contractor allegedly intentionally or knowingly employs an ineligible worker, the director shall investigate whether the contractor has violated section -3. In investigating the complaint, the director shall verify the eligibility of the person who is allegedly ineligible to work in the United States. The director shall not attempt to independently make a final determination on whether the person is authorized to work in the United States.
(b) If, after an investigation, the director determines that the complaint is not frivolous:
(1) The director shall notify the United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency of the ineligible worker;
(2) The director shall notify the county law enforcement agency of the ineligible worker;
(3) The director shall notify the attorney general to bring an action pursuant to section -5.
(c) The director may adopt rules under chapter 91 for the purpose of implementing this section.
§ -5 Civil action. An action for violation of section -3 shall be brought against the contractor that employed the ineligible worker.
§ -6 Penalties. The contractor against whom a civil judgment is entered shall pay a fine of $1,000 for each person the contractor employed in violation of section -3. Nothing in this chapter shall exempt the contractor from liability under any other provision of law.
§ -7 Notification to the contractors license board. When a civil judgment is entered against a contractor on a complaint alleging that the contractor employed an ineligible person, the attorney general shall notify the contractors license board. The board shall consider whether to suspend or revoke the contractor's license, as provided by section 444-17.
§ -8 Contractors enforcement special fund. (a) There is established a contractors enforcement special fund, into which shall be deposited:
(1) All fines collected under this chapter; and
(2) Any appropriations made by the legislature to the fund.
(b) Moneys in the special fund shall be expended by the department of labor and industrial relations for all costs associated with the enforcement of this chapter."
SECTION 2. Section 103-55.5, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending the title and subsection (a) to read as follows:
Wages and hours of employees on public works construction contracts. (a)
Before any bidder or offeror enters into a contract for construction of a
public work project in excess of $2,000, which is subject to chapter 104, the
bidder or offeror shall affirm the bidder's or offeror's intent to comply with
the requirements of chapter 104 by certifying that:
(1) Individuals engaged in the performance of the contract on the job site shall be paid:
(A) Not less than the wages that the director of labor and industrial relations shall have determined to be prevailing for corresponding classes of laborers and mechanics employed on public works projects; and
(B) Overtime compensation at one and one-half times the basic hourly rate plus fringe benefits for hours worked on Saturday, Sunday, or a legal holiday of the State or in excess of eight hours on any other day; and
(2) All applicable laws of the federal and state
governments relating to workers' compensation, unemployment compensation,
payment of wages, [
and] safety, and eligibility of all laborers and
mechanics to work in the United States shall be fully complied with."
SECTION 3. Section 104-2, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§104-2 Applicability; wages, hours, and other requirements. (a) This chapter shall apply to every contract in excess of $2,000 for construction of a public work project to which a governmental contracting agency is a party; provided that this chapter shall not apply to experimental and demonstration housing developed pursuant to section 46-15 or housing developed pursuant to chapter 201H if the cost of the project is less than $500,000 and the eligible bidder or eligible developer is a private nonprofit corporation.
For the purposes of this subsection:
"Contract" includes but is not limited to any agreement, purchase order, or voucher in excess of $2,000 for construction of a public work project.
"Governmental contracting agency" includes any person or entity that causes either directly or indirectly the building or development of a public work.
"Party" includes eligible bidders for and eligible developers of any public work and any housing under chapter 201H; provided that this subsection shall not apply to any housing developed under section 46-15 or chapter 201H if the entire cost of the project is less than $500,000 and the eligible bidder or eligible developer is a private nonprofit corporation.
"Public work" means any project, including development of any housing pursuant to section 46-15 or chapter 201H and development, construction, renovation, and maintenance related to refurbishment of any real or personal property, where the funds or resources required to undertake the project are to any extent derived, either directly or indirectly, from public revenues of the State or any county, or from the sale of securities or bonds whose interest or dividends are exempt from state or federal taxes.
(b) Every laborer and mechanic performing work on the job site for the construction of any public work project shall be paid no less than prevailing wages; provided that:
(1) The prevailing wages shall be established by the director as the sum of the basic hourly rate and the cost to an employer of providing a laborer or mechanic with fringe benefits. In making prevailing wage determinations, the following shall apply:
(A) The director shall make separate findings of:
(i) The basic hourly rate; and
(ii) The rate of contribution or cost of fringe benefits paid by the employer when the payment of the fringe benefits by the employer constitutes a prevailing practice. The cost of fringe benefits shall be reflected in the wage rate scheduled as an hourly rate; and
(B) The rates of wages which the director shall regard as prevailing in each corresponding classification of laborers and mechanics shall be the rate of wages paid to the greatest number of those employed in the State, the modal rate, in the corresponding classes of laborers or mechanics on projects that are similar to the contract work;
(2) The prevailing wages shall be not less than the wages payable under federal law to corresponding classes of laborers and mechanics employed on public works projects in the State that are prosecuted under contract or agreement with the government of the United States; and
(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of the original contract, the prevailing wages shall be periodically adjusted during the performance of the contract in an amount equal to the change in the prevailing wage as periodically determined by the director.
(c) No laborer or mechanic employed on the job site of any public work of the State or any political subdivision thereof shall be permitted or required to work on Saturday, Sunday, or a legal holiday of the State or in excess of eight hours on any other day unless the laborer or mechanic receives overtime compensation for all hours worked on Saturday, Sunday, and a legal holiday of the State or in excess of eight hours on any other day. For purposes of determining overtime compensation under this subsection, the basic hourly rate of any laborer or mechanic shall not be less than the basic hourly rate determined by the director to be the prevailing basic hourly rate for corresponding classes of laborers and mechanics on projects of similar character in the State.
(d) The contractor or the contractor's subcontractor shall pay all mechanics and laborers employed on the job site, unconditionally and not less often than once a week, and without deduction or rebate on any account, except as allowed by law, the full amounts of their wages including overtime, accrued to not more than five working days prior to the time of payment, at wage rates not less than those deemed to be prevailing, regardless of any contractual relationship which may be alleged to exist between the contractor or subcontractor and the laborers and mechanics. The rates of wages to be paid shall be posted by the contractor in a prominent and easily accessible place at the job site, and a copy of the rates of wages required to be posted shall be given to each laborer and mechanic employed under the contract by the contractor at the time each laborer and mechanic is employed, except that where there is a collective bargaining agreement the contractor does not have to provide the contractor's employees the wage rate schedules.
(e) The governmental contracting agency may withhold from the contractor so much of the accrued payments as the governmental contracting agency may consider necessary to pay to the laborers and mechanics employed by the contractor or any subcontractor on the job site the difference between the prevailing wages and the wages received and not refunded by the laborers and mechanics.
(f) Every laborer or mechanic performing work on the job site for the construction of any public work of the State or any political subdivision thereof shall be eligible to work in the United States, as set forth by federal law.
(f)] (g) Every contract in
excess of $2,000 for construction of a public work project and the
specifications for such contract shall include provisions that set forth the
requirements of subsections (a) to [ (e);] (f); provided that
failure by the contracting agency to include those provisions in the contract
or specifications shall not be a defense of the contractor or subcontractor for
noncompliance with the requirements of this chapter.
(g)] (h) For any public work
project that is subject to this chapter but not directly caused by a
governmental contracting agency, the director shall be responsible for
enforcement of this chapter, including the collection and maintenance of
certified copies of all payrolls that are subject to this chapter. The
director shall adopt rules pursuant to chapter 91 to effectuate the purposes of
(h)] (i) When the department
of budget and finance enters a project agreement with a project party, as those
terms are defined in chapter 39A, to finance or refinance a project with the
proceeds of special purpose revenue bonds, and such project party has entered
into a collective bargaining agreement with a bona fide labor union governing
the project party's workforce, the terms of that collective bargaining
agreement and associated provisions shall be deemed the prevailing wages and
terms serving as the basis of compliance with this section for work on the
project by the project party's workforce, provided, however, that this
subsection does not affect the director's enforcement powers contained in
subsection [ (g)] (h)."
SECTION 4. Section 444-11, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
"(a) No license hereunder shall be issued to:
(1) Any person unless the person has filed an application and paid the applicable fees;
(2) Any person unless the person meets the experience requirements as prescribed in the board's rules; provided that the board may accept experience acquired on a self-employed or unlicensed basis if the experience can be verified;
(3) Any person who does not possess a history of honesty, truthfulness, financial integrity, and fair dealing; provided that any person who during the six years prior to application has failed to satisfy an undisputed debt or a judgment relating to services or materials rendered in connection with operations as a contractor shall be presumed not to possess a history of financial integrity;
(4) Any person unless the person has successfully passed a written examination as prescribed by the board;
(5) Any individual unless the individual is age eighteen years or more;
(6) Any joint venture which is not exempt under section 444-2(8) unless the contracting business thereof is under the direct management of a member or employee thereof, and unless the member or employee holds an appropriate license;
(7) Any individual who is unable to qualify as a contractor or any partnership or corporation, unless the contracting business of the individual, partnership, or corporation is under the direct management of an employee, partner, or officer thereof who holds an appropriate license;
(8) Any person unless the person submits satisfactory proof to the board that the person has obtained workers' compensation insurance, or has been authorized to act as a self-insurer under chapter 386 or is excluded from the requirements of chapter 386;
(9) Any person unless the person submits satisfactory
proof to the board that the person has obtained liability insurance; [
(10) Any person unless the person submits a bond if
required by the board under section 444-16.5[
(11) Any person against whom a civil judgment was entered on a complaint for violation of chapter , unless the person has paid the penalties imposed by section ‑6 and satisfied any other order of the court or penalty imposed by any other provision of law."
SECTION 5. Section 444-17, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§444-17 Revocation, suspension, and renewal of licenses. In addition to any other actions authorized by law, the board may revoke any license issued pursuant to this section, or suspend the right of a licensee to use a license, or refuse to renew a license for any cause authorized by law, including but not limited to the following:
(1) Any dishonest, fraudulent, or deceitful act as a contractor that causes substantial damage to another;
(2) Engaging in any unfair or deceptive act or practice as prohibited by section 480-2;
(3) Abandonment of any construction project or operation without reasonable or legal excuse;
(4) Wilful diversion of funds or property received for prosecution or completion of a specific construction project or operation, or for a specified purpose in the prosecution or completion of any construction project or operation, and the use thereof for any other purpose;
(5) Wilful departure from, or wilful disregard of plans or specifications in any material respect without consent of the owner or the owner's duly authorized representative, that is prejudicial to a person entitled to have the construction project or operation completed in accordance with those plans and specifications;
(6) Wilful violation of any law of the State, or any county, relating to building, including any violation of any applicable rule of the department of health, or of any applicable safety or labor law;
(7) Failure to make and keep records showing all contracts, documents, records, receipts, and disbursements by a licensee of all the licensee's transactions as a contractor for a period of not less than three years after completion of any construction project or operation to which the records refer or to permit inspection of those records by the board;
(8) When the licensee being a partnership or a joint venture permits any partner, member, or employee of the partnership or joint venture who does not hold a license to have the direct management of the contracting business thereof;
(9) When the licensee being a corporation permits any officer or employee of the corporation who does not hold a license to have the direct management of the contracting business thereof;
(10) Misrepresentation of a material fact by an applicant in obtaining a license;
(11) Failure of a licensee to complete in a material respect any construction project or operation for the agreed price if the failure is without legal excuse;
(12) Wilful failure in any material respect to comply with this chapter or the rules adopted pursuant thereto;
(13) Wilful failure or refusal to prosecute a project or operation to completion with reasonable diligence;
(14) Wilful failure to pay when due a debt incurred for services or materials rendered or purchased in connection with the licensee's operations as a contractor when the licensee has the ability to pay or when the licensee has received sufficient funds therefor as payment for the particular operation for which the services or materials were rendered or purchased;
(15) The false denial of any debt due or the validity of the claim therefor with intent to secure for a licensee, the licensee's employer, or other person, any discount of the debt or with intent to hinder, delay, or defraud the person to whom the debt is due;
(16) Failure to secure or maintain workers' compensation insurance, unless the licensee is authorized to act as a self-insurer under chapter 386 or is excluded from the requirements of chapter 386;
(17) Entering into a contract with an unlicensed contractor involving work or activity for the performance of which licensing is required under this chapter;
(18) Performing service on a residential or commercial air conditioner, utilizing CFCs, without using refrigerant recovery and recycling equipment;
(19) Performing service on any air conditioner after January 1, 1994, without successful completion of an appropriate training course in the recovery and recycling of CFC and HCFC refrigerants, which included instruction in the proper use of refrigerant recovery and recycling equipment that is certified by Underwriters Laboratories, Incorporated;
(20) Violating chapter 342C; [
(21) Failure to pay delinquent taxes, interest, and
penalties assessed under chapter 237 that relate to the business of
contracting, or to comply with the terms of a conditional payment plan with the
department of taxation for the payment of such delinquent taxes, interest, and
(22) Violating chapter ."
SECTION 6. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun, before its effective date.
SECTION 7. In codifying the new sections added by section 1 of this Act, the revisor of statutes shall substitute appropriate section numbers for the letters used in designating the new sections in this Act.
SECTION 8. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.