Election by Mail; Voting
Requires chief election officer to mail a mail-in ballot to all registered voters for the 2010 primary and general elections, and all subsequent elections. Describes procedures for voting, return of mail-in ballot, and replacement of ballot. Repeals absentee ballot laws.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TWENTY-FIFTH LEGISLATURE, 2009
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
Relating to voting by mail.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. Chapter 11, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new part to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
"Part . voting by mail
§11-A Voting by mail; general principles. Beginning in 2010, all federal, state, and county primary, general, or special elections shall be conducted by mail, pursuant to rules adopted by the chief election officer. Any violation, wrongdoing, or discrepancy relating to these rules shall be made known to the county clerk or the chief election officer at the earliest possible time. The secrecy of the ballot and the accurate recording, counting, and safeguarding of the ballot shall be paramount.
§11-B Voting by mail; function of polling place. (a) On election days conducted by mail-in ballot, unless designated as a voting place by a county clerk, no polling place shall be open to voters except for the purpose of collecting mail-in ballots, if that polling place has been so designated by the chief election officer or the county clerk.
(b) The chief election officer shall adopt rules pursuant to chapter 91 to provide for uniformity in the conduct of state elections by mail-in cooperation with county clerks.
§11-C Voting by mail; procedures. (a) When conducting an election by mail, each county clerk may designate the clerk's office or one central location in each representative district in which the election is conducted as the single place to obtain a replacement ballot.
(b) The chief election officer by rule shall establish requirements and criteria for the designation of places of deposit for the ballots cast in the mail-in election. The places so designated shall be open on the date of the election for at least eight hours, but shall be open until at least 8:00 p.m.
§11-D Distribution of mail-in ballots. The clerk of each county shall mail by nonforwardable mail an official ballot with a return identification envelope, ballot discard envelope in the case of a primary election, and a secrecy voted ballot envelope to each registered voter by the following dates:
(1) In the case of a primary election ballot, not earlier than the first Friday of September and not later than the third Monday of September; and
(2) In the case of a general election ballot not earlier than the first Friday of October and not later than the last Monday in October. Following the latter date a registered voter not receiving a ballot may notify the applicable county clerk's office and request a replacement ballot.
§11-E Replacement ballot. (a) A registered voter may obtain a replacement ballot if the ballot is destroyed, spoiled, lost, or not received by the registered voter, or if the voter incorrectly marks a ballot in the process of voting, or receives an illegible or misprinted ballot.
(b) The period to issue replacement ballots shall open on the first workday after the date the ballots are mailed pursuant to section 11-D. The period shall close at 4:30 p.m. seven workdays prior to the postmark deadline date for the return of ballots by mail.
(c) Immediately upon receipt of a replacement ballot request within the time limit specified in subsection (b), records shall be examined by the chief election officer, county clerk, or official designee, to ascertain whether or not the person is qualified and entitled to vote as requested. Upon verification, a replacement ballot shall be issued and mailed in an official election packet. All requests received on the last day of the reissuing period shall be mailed to the voter as soon as practicable, but no later than twenty-four hours after receipt.
(d) The county clerk shall keep a record of each replacement ballot provided under this section. The county clerk may reissue and mail a new ballot that shall be appropriately marked "Second Ballot". No replacement ballot shall be available after 4:30 p.m. seven workdays prior to the postmark date for the return of ballots by mail. The originally issued ballot when returned shall be marked "spoiled" and considered void. All spoiled, invalid, or challenged ballots shall be segregated and retained apart from other ballots in a secure manner and turned over to the chief election officer.
§11-F Ballot requirements. A ballot shall be counted only if:
(1) It is returned in the return identification envelope;
(2) The envelope is signed by the registered voter; and
(3) The signature is verified against the voter's registration card.
Unsigned voted ballot envelopes shall be disqualified and declared invalid. Voted ballot envelopes which when opened contain no ballots shall be marked and considered invalid for auditing purposes and deposited in the invalid ballot box.
§11-G Mail-in ballot due date. All ballots shall be returned by mail in the return envelope provided and postmarked no later than the date of the primary or the date of the general election respectively. Mail-in ballots may also be returned in designated precinct polling places on the day of the election. Any ballot delivered to the chief election officer and postmarked after the respective primary or general election day shall be disqualified and declared "invalid".
§11-H Election day precinct polling places; hours. The chief election officer shall establish requirements and criteria for the designation of places of deposit for the ballots cast in the election. The places designated shall be open on the date of the election for a period determined by the county clerk, for at least eight hours and close no later than 8:00 p.m. only for the collection of ballots that would otherwise not meet the deadline requirement in section 11-G.
§11-I Name change or address change. A registered voter who has changed the voter's name, or residence in the county, or county of residence after the close of registration as provided in section 11-18, 11-19, or 11-21 shall request a ballot in person from the county clerk and shall not receive a ballot by mail as provided in section 11-D."
SECTION 2. Section 11-25, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§11-25 Challenge by voters; grounds; procedure. (a) Challenging prior to election day. Any registered voter may challenge the right of a person to be or to remain registered as a voter in any precinct for any cause not previously decided by the board of registration or the supreme court in respect to the same person; provided that in an election of members of the board of trustees of the office of Hawaiian affairs the voter making the challenge must be registered to vote in that election. The challenge shall be in writing, setting forth the grounds upon which it is based, and be signed by the person making the challenge. The challenge shall be delivered to the clerk who shall forthwith serve notice thereof on the person challenged. The clerk shall, as soon as possible, investigate and rule on the challenge.
(b) Challenging on election day. Any voter rightfully in the polling place may challenge the right to vote of any person who comes to the precinct officials for voting purposes. The challenge shall be on the grounds that the voter is not the person the voter alleges to be, or that the voter is not entitled to vote in that precinct; provided that only in an election of members of the board of trustees of the office of Hawaiian affairs, a person registered to vote in that election may also challenge on the grounds that the voter is not Hawaiian. No other or further challenge shall be allowed. Any person thus challenged shall first be given the opportunity to make the relevant correction pursuant to section 11-21. The challenge shall be considered and decided immediately by the precinct officials and the ruling shall be announced.
(c) If neither the challenger nor the challenged voter shall appeal the ruling of the clerk or the precinct officials, then the voter shall either be allowed to vote or be prevented from voting in accordance with the ruling. If an appeal is taken to the board of registration, the challenged voter shall be allowed to vote; provided that ballot is placed in a sealed envelope to be later counted or rejected in accordance with the ruling on appeal. The chief election officer shall adopt rules in accordance with chapter 91 to safeguard the secrecy of the challenged voter's ballot.
(d) Challenging when voting by mail. For a challenge in an election conducted by mail, a person's ballot may be challenged at any time before the ballot is removed from its return envelope for processing. The challenge shall be in writing, setting forth the grounds upon which it is based, and be signed by the person making the challenge. The challenge shall be delivered to the clerk who shall forthwith serve notice thereof on the person challenged. The clerk, as soon as possible, shall investigate and rule on the challenge."
SECTION 3. Section 11-140, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§11-140 Spoiled ballots. [
elections using the paper ballot and electronic voting systems, if a voter
spoils a ballot, the voter may obtain another upon returning the spoiled one.
Before returning the spoiled ballot, the voter shall conform to the procedure
promulgated by the chief election officer to retain the secrecy of the vote.]
In elections using a mail-in ballot, if a voter spoils a ballot, the voter
may obtain a replacement mail-in ballot marked "Second Ballot" as
provided in section 11-E."
SECTION 4. Section 11-152, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§11-152 Method of counting. (a)
In an election using the paper ballot voting system, immediately after the
close of the polls, the chairperson of the precinct officials shall open the
ballot box. The precinct officials at the precinct shall proceed to count the
votes as follows: (1) The whole number of ballots shall first
be counted to see if their number corresponds with the number of ballots cast
as recorded by the precinct officials; (2) If the number of ballots corresponds
with the number of persons recorded by the precinct officials as having voted,
the precinct officials shall then proceed to count the vote cast for each
candidate; (3) If there are more ballots or less
ballots than the record calls for the precinct officials shall proceed as
directed in section 11-153. (b) In those precincts
using the electronic voting system, the ballots shall be taken in the sealed
ballot boxes to the counting center according to the procedure and schedule
promulgated by the chief election officer to promote the security of the
ballots. In the presence of official observers, counting center employees may
start to count the ballots prior to the closing of the polls provided there
shall be no printout by the computer or other disclosure of the number of votes
cast for a candidate or on a question prior to the closing of the polls. For
the purposes of this section, the closing of the polls is that time identified
in section 11-131 as the closing hour of voting.] In an election using
mail-in ballots, ballots shall be secured in a manner and according to
procedures adopted by the chief election officer to promote the security of the
ballots. Not sooner than the fifth day before the date of an election, in
preparation for counting ballots delivered by mail, the county clerk may begin
opening return identification and secrecy envelopes, and verifying signatures
of ballots delivered by mail and received by the county clerk. The county
clerk may take any other actions that are necessary to allow the counting of
ballots delivered by mail to begin on election day.
(b) All ballots and voted ballot envelopes containing the voter's signature shall be held for safekeeping for thirty calendar days after the certified election results have been certified pursuant to section 11-155.
(c) The total number of ballots shall be verified to equal the total number of voted ballot envelopes recorded as received with the mail-in ballots. When there are more ballots than the records show as having been received, it shall be an overage and when less ballots it shall be a shortage. The chief election officer shall make a note of any overage or shortage after the vote is tabulated. Should the overage or shortage of ballots be significant enough to change the outcome of any election, an election contest may be brought under part XI."
SECTION 5. Section 12-31, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§12-31 Selection of party ballot; voting. (a) No person eligible to vote in any primary or special primary election shall be required to state a party preference or nonpartisanship as a condition of voting. Each voter shall be issued the primary or special primary ballot for each party and the nonpartisan primary or special primary ballot. A voter shall be entitled to vote only for candidates of one party or only for nonpartisan candidates. If the primary or special primary ballot is marked contrary to this paragraph, the ballot shall not be counted.
(b) In any primary or special primary election in the year 1979 and thereafter, a voter shall be entitled to select and to vote the ballot of any one party or nonpartisan, regardless of which ballot the voter voted in any preceding primary or special primary election.
(c) In any election conducted by mail-in ballot only, each voter shall be issued the primary or special primary ballot for each party and the nonpartisan primary or special primary ballot. A secrecy discard envelope for the ballots of the non-selected party shall be mailed to each voter along with the official ballot envelope. A voter shall be entitled to vote only for candidates of one party or only for nonpartisan candidates. If the primary or special primary ballot is marked contrary to this paragraph, the ballot shall not be counted. The chief election officer may develop envelopes of distinguishing marks, color, or size to instruct the voter of the discard ballots."
SECTION 6. Chapter 15, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is repealed.
SECTION 7. In codifying the new sections added by section 1 of this Act, the revisor of statutes shall substitute appropriate section numbers for the letters used in designating the new sections in this Act.
SECTION 8. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 9. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.