Hawaii Employers' Mutual Insurance Company; Medical Malpractice Insurance
Requires Hawaii employers' mutual insurance company to provide medical malpractice insurance to physicians licensed to practice in Hawaii.
TWENTY-FIFTH LEGISLATURE, 2009
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
relating to hawaii employers' mutual insurance company.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. Chapter 431, article 14A, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:
"§431:14A- Medical safety and ethical standards. (a) The company shall adopt the Health and Ethics Policies of the American Medical Association House of Delegates and the American Medical Association's Principles of Medical Ethics and shall require that physician policyholders comply with all policies and standards therein.
(b) The company shall promote medical safety programs to members by:
(1) Analyzing reports of medical error by members to help determine the cause of those errors;
(2) Conducting studies, including surveys of members, for risk and hazard identification and assessments by medical safety experts;
(3) Conducting education designed to prevent frequently occurring errors and to respond to members' expressed interest in professional development; and
(4) Inspecting work sites and investigating claims against members to promote medical safety and eliminate hazards.
(c) Company representatives shall have reasonable access to the premises or work site of any policyholder or applicant during regular working hours to carry out medical safety evaluations.
(d) Upon completion of a detailed investigation and recognition of a high regard for medical safety, a deviation may be applied to the rate structure of that member noting special recognition of the member's efforts to ensure medical safety."
SECTION 2. Section 431:14A-101, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
Purpose. The Hawaii employers' mutual insurance company is established to
provide workers' compensation coverage to employers of the State and to
provide medical malpractice insurance to physicians licensed to practice in the
State under chapter 453 at the highest level of service with the lowest
possible cost, consistent with reasonable and applicable actuarial standards
and the sound financial integrity of the company. The purposes of the company
are to provide the highest standard of workplace safety and loss prevention, to
provide the highest standard of medical safety, to encourage employer and
physician involvement, and to be responsive to each policyholder's
experience, practice, and operating effectiveness."
SECTION 3. Section 431:14A-102, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new definition to be appropriately inserted and to read as follows:
""Medical malpractice insurance" means insurance coverage against the legal liability of the insured and against loss, damage, or expense incident to a claim arising out of the death or injury of any person as the result of negligence or malpractice in rendering professional service by any licensed physician."
SECTION 4. Section 431:14A-103, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§431:14A-103 Hawaii employers' mutual insurance company, established. (a) The Hawaii employers' mutual insurance company is established as an independent corporation to provide workers' compensation insurance, medical malpractice insurance, and related services to Hawaii employers. The company may be reorganized as a nonprofit corporation under chapter 414D.
(b) The company shall be organized and operated as a domestic mutual insurance company. The company shall comply with, unless specifically excluded, all requirements of the insurance code regarding a domestic mutual insurance company. The company shall not be an agency of the State. The company or its liabilities shall not be deemed to constitute debts or liabilities of the State of Hawaii or pledges of the full faith and credit of the State. The company shall write workers' compensation insurance policies covering Hawaii employers and shall write medical malpractice insurance policies covering physicians licensed to practice in Hawaii pursuant to chapter 453, as required or authorized by law and employers' or physicians' liability to the same extent as any other private insurer. The company shall not write other lines of insurance, reinsurance, or excess insurance.
(c) The company may insure Hawaii employers against their liability for compensation or damages for injury or death under the United States Longshoremen's and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act or federal or maritime laws like any other private insurer.
(d) The company's assets shall consist of real and personal property and shall include all premiums and other moneys paid to the company, all property, and other income acquired, earned, or otherwise gained by the use of premiums and other moneys paid to the company by deposits, investments, exchanges, and other transactions. The company's assets shall be the sole property of the company and shall be used exclusively by the company for the operation and obligations of the company.
(e) Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, the company shall be excluded from the surplus requirements of domestic mutual insurers from January 1, 1997, through December 31, 2007. The company is also excluded during this time period from any assessments by the Hawaii hurricane relief fund otherwise required by section 431P-5(b)(8); provided that the exclusion shall apply to the first $25,000,000 of written premiums in each calendar year; and provided further that annual written premiums in excess of $25,000,000 shall be assessed in accordance with section 431P-5(b)(8).
(f) The company is exempt from participation, and shall not join, contribute financially to, nor be entitled to the protection of, any plan, association, guaranty, insolvency fund, or education and training fund authorized or required by this chapter. Notwithstanding the foregoing exemptions, beginning January 1, 2008, the company shall participate in the property and liability insurance guaranty association, pursuant to sections 431:16-101 to 431:16-117; provided that the company shall meet the surplus requirements applicable to all other domestic insurers under chapter 431 effective January 1, 2008.
(g) On or after January 1, 1997, the company shall provide workers' compensation coverage to Hawaii employers otherwise entitled to coverage but not able to or not electing to purchase coverage in the voluntary insurance market, and not authorized, either individually or as a part of a group, to self-insure. An authorized self-insured is eligible for coverage upon termination of self-insurance.
(h) On or after January 1, 2010, the company shall provide medical malpractice insurance coverage to physicians licensed to practice in Hawaii, pursuant to chapter 453, who are otherwise entitled to coverage but are not able to or do not elect to purchase coverage in the voluntary insurance market and who are not eligible, either individually or as a part of a cooperative corporation, to enter into unincorporated interindemnity or reciprocal contracts pursuant to chapter 435E."
SECTION 5. Section 431:14A-104, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§431:14A-104 Company divisions. (a) For purposes of providing representation on the board, the company shall consist of industry divisions and a high risk division. Assignments to each division shall be made by the administrator with the approval of the board. The initial company divisions shall include:
(1) Manufacturing and producers;
(2) Services, entertainment, and amusement;
(5) Wholesale and retail sales;
(6) Transportation and public utilities;
(7) Finance, insurance, and real estate; [
(8) Medical malpractice; and
(8)] (9) High risk.
(b) An employer with two or more lost-time claims greater than $10,000, and a loss ratio greater than 1.0, over the immediately preceding three years shall be placed in the high risk division.
(c) The administrator, with the approval of the board, shall modify the requirements for placing employers in the high risk division if the qualifications result in the high risk division being limited to only those employers with measurable adverse loss ratios, demonstrated accident frequency records, or a demonstrated attitude of noncompliance with workplace safety and health programs or claims management requirements.
(d) The administrator, with the approval of the board, shall determine the criteria for placing physicians in the high risk division so as to ensure that the high risk division is not limited to only those physicians who have a demonstrated record of negligence or a demonstrated attitude of noncompliance with medical safety and ethical standards adopted by the company.
(d)] (e) The company shall give
notice to each employer in the high risk division not less than thirty days
prior to the policy renewal date requesting a report on the employer's
lost-time claims for the policy year. The report shall be used to determine
the employer's qualification for continued placement in the high risk
(f) The company shall give notice to each physician in the high risk division not less than thirty days prior to the policy renewal date requesting a report on all claims filed against the physician for the policy year. The report shall be used to determine the physician's qualification for continued placement in the high risk division.
(e)] (g) The company may apply
a rating differential and charge a surcharge to any employer or physician
placed in the high risk division. The company may make multiple rate filings,
consistent with sound actuarial judgment for each classification. These rate
filings may be applied to risks in any division.
(g)] (h) The contingent
liabilities of members provided in section 431:4-317 may be separated so that
members assigned to the high risk division have a further contingent liability
for deficits in the high risk division; provided that no contingent liability
shall be in the aggregate for more than five times the annual premium rate of
the member's policy nor for a term of more than one year."
SECTION 6. Section 431:14A-105, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§431:14A-105 Board of directors,
established. (a) The board of directors of the company shall be
responsible for the organization, management, policies, and activities of the
company. The board shall consist of [
nine] eleven voting members
and one nonvoting member. The voting members shall consist of the following:
Eight] Nine directors who shall be
owners, officers, or employees of policyholders of the company and shall
represent each of the company divisions; [ and]
(2) One director who shall be a representative of the Hawaii medical association; and
(2)] (3) One director who shall be a
public, at-large member elected by the board of directors.
The administrator shall be the nonvoting member of the board.
(b) The initial eight division directors shall be appointed by the governor within sixty days of June 19, 1996, and shall serve for terms of one year each. The governor shall ensure adequate representation from the major sectors of the economy and workforce in the State.
The public, at-large member initially elected by the board shall serve for a term of one year.
The initial board of directors shall determine the staggering and length of future directors' terms; provided that no term shall exceed three years. Upon the expiration of the terms of the initial division directors, the company's policyholders in the division represented by the director shall elect the directors.
The initial director representing the medical malpractice division and the initial director representing the Hawaii medical association shall be appointed by the governor within sixty days after July 1, 2009 and shall serve for a full term as determined by the initial board of directors pursuant to this subsection. Upon expiration of the first full term of the initial director representing the medical malpractice division, the company's policy holders in the medical malpractice division shall elect the director. Upon expiration of the first full term of the initial director representing the Hawaii medical association, the members of the Hawaii medical association shall elect the director.
Each director shall serve for terms as specified by the board unless sooner removed for cause pursuant to rules adopted by the board. Each director shall hold office until a successor is elected as provided in this section. No person shall serve more than two full terms as director. Any other law to the contrary notwithstanding, the election and composition of the board of directors as provided in this section shall be deemed adequate to qualify the company as a mutual insurer under chapter 431.
(c) A vacancy on the board shall be filled by appointment of the governor or insurance commissioner in the case of appointed directors, or by election by the company division's policyholders or the board of directors in the case of positions formerly occupied by a director elected by the company division's policyholders or by the board of directors, respectively. The person appointed to fill a vacancy shall serve for the remainder of the term of the person's predecessor.
(d) Within one year after appointment, each director shall be a member or an employee of a policyholder of the company and shall continue in such status during the director's term of office. Any director representing a member that fails to maintain workers' compensation insurance or a director who is a physician who fails to maintain medical malpractice insurance from the company shall be disqualified from serving on the board.
(e) Each director shall receive necessary traveling and board expenses incurred in the performance of duty as director and a fee commensurate with the duties expected of actual attendance at board meetings.
(f) No person shall be a director who has a direct and substantial interest in a competing insurer as:
(1) A stockholder (excluding the holding of less than one per cent of the outstanding shares in a publicly traded insurer);
(2) An employee;
(3) An attorney; or
(4) A contracting party (excluding an independent contractor or business owner who does less than twenty-five per cent of its total annual volume of business per year with competing insurers)."
SECTION 7. Section 431:14A-107, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
"(c) Except as otherwise provided by law, the board may:
(1) Transact workers' compensation insurance policies and medical malpractice insurance policies required or authorized by state law to the same extent as any other insurer;
(2) Provide the terms and conditions of an insurance policy;
(3) Provide that any written instrument be executed for the company by the administrator or the administrator's agent;
(4) Enter into agreements to reinsure all or part of the company's exposure to loss and to limit the risk to the company; and
(5) Employ persons to administer the company, including legal counsel, accountants, insurance consultants, administrators, qualified actuaries, investment managers, adjustors, other experts, and clerical employees and pay compensation and expenses in connection therewith."
SECTION 8. Section 431:14A-115, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
§431:14A-115[ ]] Denial,
cancellation, and termination. The company may deny coverage or
renewal of an existing policy or may terminate an existing policy of a
policyholder or applicant for:
(1) Nonpayment of an undisputed premium;
(2) Refusal to permit on-site workplace safety examinations;
(3) Failure to comply with workplace safety and
health programs required by the company; [
(4) Refusal to permit or failure to comply with medical safety evaluations;
(5) Failure to comply with medical safety and ethical standards adopted by the company; or
(4)] (6) Failure to accurately disclose
information concerning the applicant's or policyholder's ownership, change of
ownership, operations, or payroll, including the allocation of payroll among
state and federal compensation programs, and other information necessary for
the board to determine premium rates."
SECTION 9. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 10. This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2009.