Taxation; County Authority; GET Exemptions; Fixed Guideway Transportation System; Affordable Rental Housing; Community Health Care Facility
Specifies that a county shall not grant an exemption from GET or receipt taxes for a mixed-use transit-oriented joint development project; exempts from GET a project developed to provide affordable rental housing or a community health care facility within a mixed-use transit-oriented joint development project. (SB3165 SD2)
TWENTY-FOURTH LEGISLATURE, 2008
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
RELATING TO TAXATION.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that whatever form of mass transit that is adopted by the city and county of Honolulu will have an impact reaching far beyond transportation issues alone. Development of a new transportation system provides the State and the city and county of Honolulu the opportunity to maximize affordable housing facilities, and add to and improve care of the elderly and related public functions as mass transit development is planned between west Oahu and the University of Hawaii at Manoa.
The legislature further finds that in areas with a higher‑than‑average senior citizen population, which also lack adequate long-term care facilities, there is an opportunity to meet the objective of "aging‑in‑place" through creative distribution of services, for example, aggregating services for condominium building residents in close proximity to one another, etc.
In areas with limited recreational spaces and facilities for young people, public, private, and non-profit partnerships can stimulate development of additional services, programs, and facilities to serve at-risk youth, families with special needs, and others, in a school, park, or church setting.
The purpose of this Act is to provide the means for the State and the city and county of Honolulu to meet the needs for affordable housing, care for the elderly, and services to Hawaii's disadvantaged, which will be available as a result of mixed-use transit-oriented joint development project opportunities.
SECTION 2. Section 46-15.1, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
"(a) Any law to the contrary notwithstanding, any county shall have and may exercise the same powers, subject to applicable limitations, as those granted the Hawaii housing finance and development corporation pursuant to chapter 201H insofar as those powers may be reasonably construed to be exercisable by a county for the purpose of developing, constructing, and providing low- and moderate-income housing; provided that no county shall be empowered to cause the State to issue general obligation bonds to finance a project pursuant to this section; provided further that county projects shall be granted an exemption from general excise or receipts taxes in the same manner as projects of the Hawaii housing finance and development corporation pursuant to section 201H-36; except that no county shall be empowered to grant an exemption for a mixed-use transit-oriented joint development project as defined in section 201H-36(c); and provided further that section 201H-16 shall not apply to this section unless federal guidelines specifically provide local governments with that authorization and the authorization does not conflict with any state laws. The powers shall include the power, subject to applicable limitations, to:
(1) Develop and construct dwelling units, alone or in partnership with developers;
(2) Acquire necessary land by lease, purchase, exchange, or eminent domain;
(3) Provide assistance and aid to a public agency or other person in developing and constructing new housing and rehabilitating existing housing for elders of low- and moderate-income, other persons of low- and moderate-income, and persons displaced by any governmental action, by making long-term mortgage or interim construction loans available;
(4) Contract with any eligible bidders to provide for construction of urgently needed housing for persons of low- and moderate-income;
(5) Guarantee the top twenty-five per cent of the principal balance of real property mortgage loans, plus interest thereon, made to qualified borrowers by qualified lenders;
(6) Enter into mortgage guarantee agreements with appropriate officials of any agency or instrumentality of the United States to induce those officials to commit to insure or to insure mortgages under the National Housing Act, as amended;
(7) Make a direct loan to any qualified buyer for the downpayment required by a private lender to be made by the borrower as a condition of obtaining a loan from the private lender in the purchase of residential property;
(8) Provide funds for a share, not to exceed fifty per cent, of the principal amount of a loan made to a qualified borrower by a private lender who is unable otherwise to lend the borrower sufficient funds at reasonable rates in the purchase of residential property; and
(9) Sell or lease completed dwelling units.
For purposes of this section, a limitation is applicable to the extent that it may reasonably be construed to apply to a county."
SECTION 3. Section 201H-36, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
Exemption from general excise taxes. (a) In accordance with section
237-29, the corporation may approve and certify for exemption from general
excise taxes any qualified person or firm involved with a newly constructed, or
moderately or substantially rehabilitated project:
(1) Developed under this part;
(2) Developed under a government assistance program approved by the corporation, including but not limited to the United States Department of Agriculture 502 program and Federal Housing Administration 235 program;
(3) Developed under the sponsorship of a private
nonprofit organization providing home rehabilitation or new homes for qualified
families in need of decent, low-cost housing; [
(4) Developed by a qualified person or firm to
provide affordable rental housing where at least fifty per cent of the
available units are for households with incomes at or below eighty per cent of
the area median family income as determined by the United States Department of
Housing and Urban Development, of which at least twenty per cent of the
available units are for households with incomes at or below sixty per cent of
the area median family income as determined by the United States Department of
Housing and Urban Development[
(5) Developed by a qualified person or firm to provide affordable rental housing units within a mixed-use transit-oriented joint development project approved by the corporation; or
(6) Developed by a qualified person or firm to provide a community health care facility within a mixed-use transit-oriented joint development project approved by the corporation.
(b) All claims for exemption under this
section shall be filed with and certified by the corporation and forwarded to
the department of taxation. Any claim for exemption that is filed and approved[
shall not be considered a subsidy for the purpose of this part.
(c) For the purposes of this section:
"Community health care facility" means a health care facility as defined in section 323D-2, that is leased or sold to a person who is controlled by:
(1) A person who has received recognition of tax exempt status or who is a subordinate person of a person who has received a group exemption letter under Section 501(c)(3)of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended;
(2) The State;
(3) Any political subdivision of the State;
(4) A county;
(5) A state agency or any instrumentality of the State; or
(6) A county agency or any instrumentality of a county.
"Mixed-use transit-oriented joint development project" means a transit-oriented joint development project that:
(1) Combines residential development with any combination of commercial and industrial development, including the development of community health care facilities; and
(2) Is approved by the county in which the project is located.
"Moderate rehabilitation" means rehabilitation to upgrade a dwelling unit to a decent, safe, and sanitary condition, or to repair or replace major building systems or components in danger of failure.
(1) Means the improvement of a property to a decent, safe, and sanitary condition that requires more than routine or minor repairs or improvements. It may include but is not limited to the gutting and extensive reconstruction of a dwelling unit, or cosmetic improvements coupled with the curing of a substantial accumulation of deferred maintenance; and
(2) Includes renovation, alteration, or remodeling to convert or adapt structurally sound property to the design and condition required for a specific use, such as conversion of a hotel to housing for elders.
(d) The corporation may establish, revise, charge, and collect a reasonable service fee, as necessary, in connection with its approvals and certifications under this section. The fees shall be deposited into the dwelling unit revolving fund."
SECTION 4. Section 237-8.6, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (d) to read as follows:
"(d) No county surcharge on state tax shall be established on any:
(1) Gross income or gross proceeds taxable under this chapter at the one-half per cent tax rate;
(2) Gross income or gross proceeds taxable under this chapter at the 0.15 per cent tax rate; or
(3) Transactions, amounts, persons, gross income, or
gross proceeds exempt from tax under this chapter[
.]; provided that
the surcharge on state tax shall be assessed, levied, and collected on
transactions, amounts, persons, gross income, or gross proceeds exempted under
section 237‑29 pursuant to section 201H‑36(a)(5) and (6)."
SECTION 5. Section 237-29, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending its title and subsection (a) to read as follows:
"§237-29 Exemptions for certified or approved housing or community health care facility projects. (a) All gross income received by any qualified person or firm for the planning, design, financing, construction, sale, or lease in the State of a housing or community health care facility project that has been certified or approved under section 201H-36 shall be exempt from general excise taxes."
SECTION 6. Section 238-2.6, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
"(c) No county surcharge on state tax
shall be established upon any use taxable under this chapter at the one-half
per cent tax rate or upon any use that is not subject to taxation or that is
exempt from taxation under this chapter[
.]; provided that the
surcharge on state tax shall be levied on the use of property, services, or
contracting that is not subject to taxation under section 238-3(j) as a result
of an exemption under section 237‑29 pursuant to section 201H-36(a)(5)
SECTION 9. It is the intent of the legislature that in adopting rules pursuant to section 237-29(c), Hawaii Revised Statutes, for the purpose of this Act, the director of taxation and the Hawaii housing finance and development corporation shall consult with the director of health and representatives of any interested county in an effort to streamline the approval process for mixed-use transit-oriented joint development projects and maximize the coordination among federal, state, and county governments with respect to the projects.
SECTION 8. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 9. This Act, upon its approval, shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2007.